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Svetomir Nikolajević (September 21, 1844 – April 18, 1922) was a Serbian writer, politician and scholar.
Nikolajević was born Raduša near Ub, Serbia. Nikolajević was a professor of the Belgrade's Grande École (suplent Grande École), and the Department for the general history of literature with a particular view of the literature of the Slavs and Serbs. He was also a member of the Serbian Royal Academy. He was Nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize for year 1915 
The first reliable data about courses taught at the University of Belgrade, which also covered English literature originate from 1873, when professor Svetomir Nikolajević introduced sections on Shakespeare and Byron in his lectures. According to him, Shakespeare is a poet to whom psychological truth is the most important goal of dramatic art.
Nikolajević served as the Prime Minister of Serbia from April 3 to 27 October 1894, as the Mayor of Belgrade and as the Minister of Internal Affairs. He was one of the founders of the People's Radical Party and the Society of St. Sava. He was also one of the founders the Masonic lodge "Pobratim". Nikolajević was an early member of the Serbian Red Cross, founded by Vladan Đorđević during the Serbian-Ottoman War (1876-1877).
In politics, Svetomir Nikolajević insisted that preparations for an agreement for a Macedonian settlement should continue in case the Prime Minister Ilija Garašanin was compelled to resign. Following the disappointing turn of events in 1885 (Serbo-Bulgarian War), the Serbian policy toward Macedonia acquired new momentum in 1886, with the establishment of the Society of Saint Sava. Elected as its president, was Svetolir Nikolajević, the founder of the society, who was known for his moderate views of Greek claims in Macedonia. Nikolajević is the first Serbian historian to write about Rigas Feraios.
By the early twentieth century, the first professor of the newly established Department of World Literature in the Belgrade School of Philosophy was Svetomir Nikolajević, later Professor in the School of Philology at the University of Belgrade.
In his Listići iz književnosti (Leaves from Literature), published in two volumes (Belgrade, 1883 and 1888), Nikolajević rendered great services to the study of foreign writers and poets such as Tacitus, Shakespeare, Ludovico Ariosto, Montesquieu, Byron, Luis de Camões and Torquato Tasso. That work was continued by Marko Car when Nikoajević entered politics.
He died in Belgrade.
- Nomination Database Nominees from Yugoslavia, http://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/archive/country-people.php?country=234&person=nominee
- Translated and adapted from Serbian Wikipedia: http://sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%80_%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%98%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%9B
- Translated and adapted from Jovan Skerlić's Istorija nove srpske književnosti / History of Modern Serbian Literature (Belgrade, 1921) pp. 436 and 437