||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Ukrainian Wikipedia. (April 2014)|
The Sviatohirsk Lavra or the Sviatohirsk Cave Monastery (Ukrainian: Свято-Успенська Святогірська Лавра) is a historic Orthodox Christian monastery (a lavra) near the city of Sviatohirsk in Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. The lavra is located on the right bank of the Seversky Donets River. The name comes from the hill on which it sits—Sviatohirsk or Holy Hill. Today it forms the centrepiece of the Sviatohori National Nature Park.
The first monks to settle the area were in the 14th-15th centuries. The first written mention of the monastery was in 1526. In 1624, the monastery was officially recognized as the Sviatohirsk Uspensky Monastery. During times of the Crimean Khanate, the monastery was invaded a couple of times. The monastery was of great importance in the Russian Empire, which was sometimes considered as the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra of the southwest.
In 1787, the government of Catherine II had paid for the restoration of the monastery. In 1844, it was once again restored, paid for by monetary donations from Aleksander Mikhailovich Potemkin and his wife Tatiana Borisovna. During the next seventy years until 1914, the monastery was one of the most important monasteries of the Russian Empire. In 1922, the monastery was rebuilt and converted into a residence.
Before its destruction, the Sviatohirsk Lavra complex consisted of: a worker's shop, windmills, various kinds of repair shops, and trading buildings. The lavra's main Dormition Cathedral was designed by Alexey Gornostaev, who included a traditional Byzantine tower.
Before World War I, the monastery was inhabited by approximately 600 monks. During the 1930s, the monastery was destroyed by the Soviets, along with other numerous religious attractions throughout the Soviet Union.
After the fall of the Soviet Union and the regaining of Ukrainian independence in 1991, the monastery was restored a year later. In 2004, the monastery was officially granted the status of a Ukrainian Orthodox Church lavra. Today, the monastery community consists of more than 100 people, which increases each year.
- "NBU releases the Sviatohirsk Lavra on the "chervonets"". ForUm (in Russian). Retrieved 2007-04-27.
- Vlasenko, Petro. "Sviatogorsky Uspensky Monastyr 17th-19th centuries". Monuments of architecture of Ukrainian SSR (in Russian). p. 138. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Sviato-Uspenska Sviatohirska Lavra". Ukrainian Orthodox Church (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2007-04-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sviatohirsk Lavra.|
- svyatogorsk.narod.ru — Unofficial website
- sobory.ru — Information and pictures of the lavra
- Svyatogorskaya Blessed Virgin (photo)
- Views of the Lavra