Holy Mountains Lavra
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (April 2014)|
The Holy Mountains Lavra (Ukrainian: Свято-Успенська Святогірська Лавра, Sviatohisk Lavra or the Sviatohirsk Cave Monastery; Russian: Свято-Успенская Святогорская лавра, Sviatogorskaya Lavra or the Sviatogorsky Cave Monastery) is a major Orthodox Christian monastery on the steep right bank of the Seversky Donets River near the city of Sviatohirsk in Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. The name comes from the surrounding Holy Mountains. Today it forms the centrepiece of the Sviatohori National Nature Park. The Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) proclaimed it a lavra in 2004.
The first written mention of the monastery dates from 1627, although Sigismund von Herberstein had alluded to the "Holy Mountains" area as early as 1526. It is likely that the first monks settled the area in the 15th century. At the time it was a minor monastic establishment in the Wild Fields regularly ravaged by the Crimean Tatars.
In 1787, Catherine II had it shut down. The monastery's lands were secularized and donated to Prince Grigory Potemkin, the Viceroy of New Russia. One of his heirs, Aleksander Mikhailovich Potemkin, and his wife Tatiana Borisovna, née Princess Galitzine, financed the monastery's revival and rebuilding, starting in 1844.
Before the October Revolution, the Sviatohirsk Monastery owned a worker's shop, windmills, various kinds of repair shops, and trading buildings. The lavra's main Dormition Cathedral was designed by Alexey Gornostaev, who included a traditional Byzantine tower. In 1922, the monastery was shut down by the Bolsheviks. The Sanatorium for the Donbass workers was set up on the grounds.
Before World War I, the monastery was inhabited by approximately 600 monks. During the 1930s, some of the churches were demolished by the Soviets, along with other numerous religious attractions throughout the Soviet Union.
After the fall of the Soviet Union and the regaining of Ukrainian independence in 1991, the monastery was restored a year later. In 2004, the monastery was officially granted the status of a Ukrainian Orthodox Church lavra. Today, the monastery community consists of more than 100 people, which increases each year.
- "NBU releases the Sviatohirsk Lavra on the "chervonets"". ForUm (in Russian). Retrieved 2007-04-27.
- Vlasenko, Petro. "Sviatogorsky Uspensky Monastyr 17th-19th centuries". Monuments of architecture of Ukrainian SSR (in Russian). p. 138. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Sviato-Uspenska Sviatohirska Lavra". Ukrainian Orthodox Church (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- Media related to Sviatohirsk Lavra at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- sobory.ru — Information and pictures of the lavra
- Svyatogorskaya Blessed Virgin (photo)
- Views of the Lavra