Sviatopolk II of Kiev

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Sviatopolk II
Grand Prince of Kiev
Reign 1093–1113
Predecessor Vsevolod I
Successor Vladimir II
Prince of Novgorod
Reign 1078–1088
Prince of Turov
Reign 1088–1093
Spouse a Bohemian princess (daughter of Spytihnev II ?),
Cuman princess Olena (Turkogan)
Issue

Out of wedlock: Mstislav
With the first: Iaroslav
Zbyslava
Predslava

With the second: Anna
Maria
Bryachislav
Izyaslav
Full name
Sviatopolk Iziaslavovich (Mikhail)
Dynasty Rurikid
Father Iziaslav I
Born November 8, 1050
Died April 16, 1113(1113-04-16) (aged 62)
Vyshhorod
Burial Golden-Roof Abbey, Kiev

Sviatopolk II Iziaslavich (1050 – April 16, 1113) was supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113. He was not a popular prince, and his reign was marked by incessant rivalry with his cousin Vladimir Monomakh. Upon his death the Kievan citizens raised a rebellion against the Jewish merchants and Varangian officials who speculated in grain and salt.

Early life[edit]

Sviatopolk was the son of Iziaslav Iaroslavich by his concubine. Sviatopolk's Christian name was Michael. During his brother Iaropolk's life, Sviatopolk was not regarded as a potential claimant to the Kievan throne. In 1069 he was sent to Polotsk, a city briefly taken by his father from the local ruler Vseslav, and then he spent ten years (1078–88) ruling Novgorod. Upon his brother's death he succeeded him in Turov, which would remain in possession of his descendants until the 17th century.

Reign[edit]

Mosaic of St. Demetrius was installed by Sviatopolk in the Kievan St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery to glorify the patron saint of his father.

When Vsevolod Iaroslavich died in 1093, Sviatopolk was acknowledged by other princes as the senior son of Veliki Kniaz and permitted to ascend the Kievan throne. Although he participated in the princely congresses organized by Vladimir Monomakh, he is sometimes charged with encouraging internecine wars among Rurikid princes. For instance, he sided with his cousin David of Volhynia and his son-in-law Bolesław III Wrymouth in capturing and blinding one of Galician princes. He also sided with Vladimir Monomakh in several campaigns against the Kypchaks but was defeated in the Battle of the Stugna River (1093).

Sviatopolk's Christian name was Michael, so he encouraged embellishment of St Michael's Abbey in Kiev, which has been known as the Golden-Roofed up to the present. The history now known as the Primary Chronicle was compiled by the monk Nestor during Sviatopolk's reign.

Marriage and children[edit]

Sviatopolk married firstly a Bohemian princess (Přemyslid dynasty), probably a daughter of Duke Spytihněv II. They had three children:

  1. Zbyslava, married to king Boleslaw III of Poland on November 15, 1102.
  2. Predslava, married to Prince Álmos of Hungary on August 21, 1104. Her fate is less known.
  3. Iaroslav (died 1123), Prince of Volynia and Turov was married three times - to Hungarian, Polish (Sophia, daughter of Władysław I Herman and his second wife Judith of Swabia), and Kievan princesses. In consequence of Iaroslav's early death, his descendants forfeited any right to the Kievan throne and had to content themselves with Turov and Pinsk.

Secondly, in 1094 Sviatopolk married to a daughter of Tugor Khan of the Kypchaks, Olena. They had four children:

  1. Anna (died 1136), married to Sviatoslav Davydych from Chernihiv who turned into a monk upon her death.
  2. Maria, married Piotr Włostowic, castellan of Wroclaw and Polish palatine.
  3. Bryachislav (1104–1127), possibly dethroned Iaroslav as the Prince of Turov (1118–1123) in 1118.
  4. Izyaslav (died 1127), possibly the Prince of Turov in 1123.

Some sources claim that Sviatopolk used to have an out of wedlock son Mstislav who ruled Novgorod-Sieversky in 1095–1097 and later Volyn (1097–1099). It seems that he later was murdered in Volodymyr-Volynski.[1]

There are little or no information on most of Svitopolk's children except Iaroslav and Zbyslava. Iaroslav and his children largely continued to rule the Principality of Turov, yielding Volyn.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]

Sviatopolk II Iziaslavich
Rurikovich
Born: 1050 Died: 1113
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mstislav Iziaslavich
Prince of Polotsk
1069–1071
Succeeded by
Vseslav Briacheslavich (second rule)
Preceded by
Gleb Sviatoslavich
Prince of Novgorod
1078–1088
Succeeded by
Mstislav Vladimirovich "the Great"
Preceded by
Yaropolk Izyaslavich
Prince of Turov
1088–1093
Succeeded by
Viacheslav Iaropolkovich
Preceded by
Vsevolod I
Grand Prince of Kiev
1093–1113
Succeeded by
Vladimir II Monomakh
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Yaropolk Izyaslavich
2nd in line to Grand Prince of Kiev
1069–1078
Succeeded by
Yaropolk Izyaslavich