The name Sviatoshyn is derived from the nickname of Prince Svyatoslav Davydovych of Chernihiv, Svyatosha (meaning godly, religious), who received the neighbourhood (then a distant village) as gift in the 12th century. Literally, the name can be translated as "property of Svyatosha". Later, it became a large suburb to the west of Kiev. Since 1939, Svyatoshyn village is a part of Kiev.
The neighborhood was connected by metro in 1970 when the Sviatoshyn station was opened.