Svinařov

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Svinařov
Municipality and village
Flag of Svinařov
Flag
Coat of arms of Svinařov
Coat of arms
Svinarov KL CZ.png
Coordinates: 50°10′40″N 14°3′0″E / 50.17778°N 14.05000°E / 50.17778; 14.05000Coordinates: 50°10′40″N 14°3′0″E / 50.17778°N 14.05000°E / 50.17778; 14.05000
Country  Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian Region
District Kladno District
Area
 • Total 1.92 km2 (0.74 sq mi)
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 714
 • Density 370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Post code 273 05
Website http://www.svinarov.cz/

Svinařov is a village situated in a picturesque valley surrounded by forested slopes, fields and meadows. Approximately 667 people live there (2007). It is about 30 kilometres (20 mi) from Prague. Other towns close to Svinařov are Libušín, Kladno, Smečno and Slaný. The village is connected with the nearby towns and villages by bus. Svinařov has its own association football team and a team of firemen volunteers. Next to the cemetery, we can find a little chapel with a precious statue of St. Mary and Jesus from the 17th century.

History[edit]

The village of Svinařov has very long and rich history. The first official mention dates back to 1328 when the village was sold by Bořita z Ředhoště to the Vyšehrad canon. So it belonged to the Vyšehrad chapter house. It is probable that there was some kind of settlement much earlier thanks to an archaeological research carried out in a nearby town of Libušín which proved that the area was inhabited in the 6th–7th centuries. The existence of Svinařov was closely connected with the fort of Libušín. As the name suggests (Svinařov in Czech language can mean that there were either swine or vineyards), Svinařov served as a supplier of agricultural products to the fort.

There was a stronghold built around the year 1330. The owner of Svinařov, Vyšehrad chapter house, used to hire out the Svinařov to different tenants till the reign of Wenceslas IV of Bohemia, when the village was sold. Some years later it became a part of property of the Smečno’s noble family of Martinic and it remained so until the 19th century. The family of Martinic gradually became one of the richest and most powerful noble families in the Czech kingdom. In 1885, Svinařov settlement officially became a village.

Most people there earned their living in agriculture, but everything changed in the second half of the 19th century with the discovery of coal in the region. Many people from all around the country started to move in and the village started to expand. Most people were therefore employed in the coal industry until the mines closed down in 2002.

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