Swadeshabhimani (newspaper)

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"Swadeshabhimani" redirects here. For other uses, see Swadeshabhimani (disambiguation).
Type Weekly newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Vakkom Moulavi
Editor-in-chief RamaKrishna Pillai
Founded 1905
Language Malayalam
Ceased publication 1910
Headquarters Thiruvanthapuram

Swadeshabhimani ("The Patriot") was a newspaper published in Travancore, which was banned and confiscated by the Government of Travancore in 1910 due to its criticisms against the government and the Diwan of Travancore, P.Rajagopalachari.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]


Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadir Moulavi alias Vakkom Moulavi founded the weekly newspaper on January 19, 1905, to spearhead the fight against corruption and to struggle for the democratic rights of the people in Travancore. He managed to import, directly from England, an automatic flatbed printing press, the latest type then available. The press operated from Anjuthengu (Anglican: Anjengo), a British colony at the time directly ruled by British East India Company.

C P Govinda Pillai was the editor of before RamaKrishna Pillai took over as the editor in January 1906.[8] Ramakrishna Pillai and his family had to shift to Vakkom in Chirayinkil Taluk where the newspaper office and the printing press were located.

In July 1907, both the newspaper office and the family moved to Thiruvanthapuram.[2] Though Vakkom Moulavi was still the proprietor, Ramakrishna had been given total freedom in the running of the newspaper by Moulavi. Although there were never any legal or financial contracts between the two, Moulavi provided all the financial aid to set up the press.[9]

On 26 September 1910, the newspaper and the printing press were sealed and confiscated by the British Police. Ramakrishna Pillai was arrested and banished from Travancore to Thirunelveli in Madras Province of British Raj.[3][10][11][12][13]

In 1957, after the Independence of India, the Government of Kerala returned the press to Moulavi's family and son Abdul Kadar. On 26 January 1968, the then Chief Minister of Kerala, E. M. S. Namboodiripad, presented it to the legal heirs of Maulavi Abdul Qadir at a public meeting, 36 years after his death.

See also[edit]

C.P.Govinda Pillai was the editor of Swadeshabhimani from 1906-1910.


  1. ^ "VAKKOM MOULAVI". Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b Vyazhavatta Smaranakal (in Malayalam) (14 (2008) ed.). D C Books/ Current Books, Kottayam. 1916. ISBN 81-7130-015-4.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  3. ^ a b Ende Naadukadathal (5 (2007) ed.). D C Books/ Current Books, Kottayam. 1911. ISBN 81-264-1222-4.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  4. ^ "Vakkom Complex Opened". Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  5. ^ "Kerala poets and writers". Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  6. ^ "WHEN THE KERALA MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT IS HISTORICISED". Retrieved 2008-11-24.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  7. ^ "Vakkom Abdul Khader Moulavi". Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  8. ^ The Political Ideas of Swadesabhimani K. Ramakrishna Pillai. Kerala Academy of Political Science. 1975. p. 33.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  9. ^ B. Kalyani Amma. "'Moulavi' and 'Swadeshabhimani'". Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  10. ^ "The criticism against the Diwan of Travancore that appeared in the daily irritated the authorities and eventually resulted in the confiscation of press during 1910". Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  11. ^ "Literary Criticism: Western Influence". PRD, Kerala Government. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  12. ^ Constitutionalism in Travancore and Cochin. Kerala Historical Society. 1972. pp. 18, 19.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  13. ^ In Quest of Kerala. Accent Publications. 1974. pp. 65,160.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)