Swaffham

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Swaffham
Swaffham map1946.png
A map of Swaffham from 1946
Swaffham is located in Norfolk
Swaffham
Swaffham
 Swaffham shown within Norfolk
Area  29.57 km2 (11.42 sq mi)
Population 6,935 (2001)
   – density  235/km2 (610/sq mi)
OS grid reference TF815095
District Breckland
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SWAFFHAM
Postcode district PE37
Dialling code 01760
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Norfolk
Website Town council
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°39′10″N 0°41′03″E / 52.652893°N 0.684285°E / 52.652893; 0.684285

Swaffham is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. The town is situated 20 km (12 mi) east of King's Lynn and 50 km (31 mi) west of Norwich.

The civil parish has an area of 29.57 km2 (11.42 sq mi) and in the 2001 census had a population of 6,935 in 3,130 households. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of Breckland.[1]

History[edit]

The Buttercross Swaffham market place.

Its name came from Old English Swǣfa hām = "the homestead of the Swabians"; some of them presumably came with the Angles and Saxons.

By the 14th and 15th centuries Swaffham had a flourishing sheep and wool industry[citation needed] As a result of this prosperity, the town has a large market place. The Market Cross here was built by George Walpole, 3rd Earl of Orford and presented to the town in 1783.[2] On the top is the statue of Ceres, the Roman goddess of the harvest.

About 8 km to the north of Swaffham can be found the ruins of the formerly important Castle Acre Priory and Castle Acre Castle.

On the west side of Swaffham Market Place are several old buildings which for many years housed the historic Hamond's Grammar School, as a plaque on the wall of the main building explains. The Hamond's Grammar School building latterly came to serve as the sixth form for the Hamond's High School (now The Nicholas Hamond Academy), but that use has since ceased. Harry Carter, the Grammar School's art teacher of the 1960s, was responsible for a great number of the carved village signs that are now found in many of Norfolk's towns and villages, most notably perhaps Swaffham's own sign commemorating the legendary Pedlar of Swaffham,[3][4][5] which is in the corner of the market place just opposite the old school's gates.[6] Carter was a distant cousin of the archaeologist and egyptologist Howard Carter[7] who spent much of his childhood in the town.[8]

Until 1968 it had a railway station on the Great Eastern Railway line from King's Lynn. Just after Swaffham, the line split into two, one branch heading south to Thetford, and the other east towards Dereham. The railways were closed as part of the Beeching Axe, though the possibility of rebuilding a direct rail link from Norwich to King's Lynn via Swaffham is occasionally raised.

The Swaffham Museum contains an exhibition on local history and local geology as well as an Egyptology room charting the life of Howard Carter.[9]

Ecotech Centre[edit]

The Ecotech Centre

Today the town is known for the presence of two large Enercon E-66 wind turbines, and the associated Ecotech Centre.[10] The turbines are owned and operated by Ecotricity, and together generate more than three megawatts.[11] One wind turbine, an Enercon E66/1500 with 1.5 MW generation capacity, 67 metres nacelle height and 66 metres rotor diameter, which was built in 1999,[12] has an observation deck just below the nacelle. These have now been joined now by a further eight turbines at North Pickenham.

The centre hosted the 2008 British BASE jumping championships; contestants jumped from the roof of the observation deck.[13]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Swaffham has a Non-League football club Swaffham Town F.C. who play at Shoemakers Lane.

Climate[edit]

As with the rest of the British Isles and East Anglia, Swaffham experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. The nearest Met Office weather station to provide local climate data is RAF Marham, about 5.5 miles west of the town centre. Temperature extremes in the Swaffham-Marham area range from 34.8 °C (94.6 °F) in August 1990, down to −16.7 °C (1.9 °F) during February 1956.[14] The highest and lowest temperatures reported in the past decade are 34.6 °C (94.3 °F) during August 2003,[15] and −10.3 °C (13.5 °F) during January 2010.[16]

Climate data for Marham 21m asl, 1971-2000 (Weather Station 5 miles West of Swaffham)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.1
(44.8)
10.0
(50)
12.2
(54)
16.2
(61.2)
19.0
(66.2)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
18.6
(65.5)
14.3
(57.7)
9.7
(49.5)
7.4
(45.3)
13.8
(56.8)
Average low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
0.6
(33.1)
2.3
(36.1)
4.0
(39.2)
6.9
(44.4)
9.7
(49.5)
11.8
(53.2)
11.8
(53.2)
9.6
(49.3)
6.6
(43.9)
3.2
(37.8)
1.6
(34.9)
5.7
(42.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 54.7
(2.154)
38.5
(1.516)
49.5
(1.949)
46.8
(1.843)
48.1
(1.894)
55.9
(2.201)
44.1
(1.736)
50.5
(1.988)
54.9
(2.161)
59.8
(2.354)
63.3
(2.492)
55.3
(2.177)
621.3
(24.461)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 53.6 73.2 101.7 150.6 204.3 191.1 202.7 192.8 139.8 109.7 69.0 48.1 1,536.6
Source: Met Office[17]

Kingdom (TV series)[edit]

In the summer of 2006, location filming was done in the town for the ITV1 series Kingdom, starring Stephen Fry. In Kingdom the town is called Market Shipborough. The pub The Startled Duck in the TV series is better known as The Greyhound Inn in which the Earl of Orford created the first coursing club open to the public in 1776.[18] Kingdom's office is filmed in Oakleigh House, near the town square (formerly the house of the Head Master of Hamond's Grammar School), with the coastal scenes filmed at Wells-next-the-Sea on the north Norfolk coast.

Roads[edit]

Swaffham fire station.

The east-west A47 Birmingham to Great Yarmouth road now avoids the town, using a northerly bypass opened in 1981. The A1065 Mildenhall to Fakenham road still passes through the centre of the town on its north-south route, intersecting with the A47 at a grade separated junction north of the town.[19]

Folklore[edit]

Swaffham is one of the many locations for The Man Who Became Rich through a Dream folk tale (Aarne-Thompson type 1645). The tale tells of a pedlar from Swaffham who dreamed for several consecutive nights that if he waited on London Bridge he would eventually hear good news. He travelled to London, and waited for several days on the bridge. Eventually a shopkeeper asked him why he was waiting, and the man told of his dream. The shopkeeper laughed, and replied that he often dreamed that if he went to a certain orchard in Swaffham and started digging, he would find buried treasure. The pedlar returned to Swaffham, and found the treasure.[20]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Retrieved December 2, 2005.
  2. ^ Ripper, B. (1979) Ribbons from the Pedlar's Pack p126 ISBN 0-9506728-0-7
  3. ^ The Pedlar of Swaffham. More English Fairy Tales by Joseph Jacobs (1894). Retrieved on 2007-03-27
  4. ^ The Pedlar of Swaffham. Old City – Names and Legends. Retrieved on 2007-03-27
  5. ^ Animation
  6. ^ Literary Norfolk Retrieved 22 July 2011
  7. ^ Google books Retrieved 22 July 2011
  8. ^ Howard Carter Retrieved 22 July 2011
  9. ^ Swaffham Museum Retrieved 22 July 2011
  10. ^ Ecotech Centre
  11. ^ Ecotricity. Swaffham-I[dead link] and Swaffham-II. Retrieved February 10, 2006.
  12. ^ The Windpower.net
  13. ^ "Turbine hosts base jumping". BBC News. 29 September 2008. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  14. ^ "Marham temperature extremes". EDP. 
  15. ^ "Marham temperature 2003". TuTiempo. 
  16. ^ "Marham temperature 2010". EDP. 
  17. ^ "Marham 1971–2000 climate averages". Met Office. Retrieved Nov 10, 2011. 
  18. ^ History of Greyhounds: 18th and 19th Centuries
  19. ^ Ordnance Survey (1999). OS Explorer Map 236 – King's Lynn, Downham Market & Swaffham. ISBN 0-319-21867-8.
  20. ^ Ashliman, D. L. "The Man Who Became Rich through a Dream: Folktales of Type 1645". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 

External links[edit]