Swafield

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Coordinates: 52°50′20″N 1°23′40″E / 52.83878°N 1.39432°E / 52.83878; 1.39432

Swafield
Swafield Village sign 10 Nov 2007.JPG
The Village sign
Swafield is located in Norfolk
Swafield
Swafield
 Swafield shown within Norfolk
Area  6.43 km2 (2.48 sq mi)
Population 273 (parish, 2001 census)
    - Density  42 /km2 (110 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TG2832
    - London  132 miles (212 km) 
Civil parish Swafield
District North Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORTH WALSHAM
Postcode district NR28
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament North Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Swafield is a village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.[1] The village is 16.4 miles (26.4 km) north north east of Norwich, 10.1 miles (16.3 km) south south East of Cromer and 133 miles (214 km) north-east of London. The village lies 1.4 miles (2.3 km) north of the town of North Walsham. The village sits astride the B1145[2] Kings Lynn to Mundesley road that dissects North Norfolk west to east. The nearest railway station is at North Walsham for the Bittern Line which runs between Cromer and Norwich. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. The parish had in 2001 census, a population of 273. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of North Norfolk.

Origins[edit]

The name Swafield[3] possibly originates from open land with a track from the Anglo Saxon words swaeth, meaning track, and feld, meaning field, often a forest clearing. The former is the origin of swath or swathe, the latter of field. The name may also mean therefore, open land with swathes, the latter being areas of cut, laying corn.

History[edit]

Swafield has an entry in the Domesday Book of 1085.[4] In the great book Swafield is recorded by the name Suafelda, Suaffelda and Suauelda, [5] the main landholders being Bishop William and William d'Ecouis with the main tenant being Ranulf brother of Ilger. The survey also mentions a church.

The North Walsham and Dilham Canal[edit]

The North Walsham and Dilham Canal, which is the only canal in Norfolk, was constructed and opened in 1826, and is 8.7 miles long and runs from Swafield Bridge to a junction with the River Ant at Smallburgh. The canal was constructed with locks a little wider than most canals in the UK to accommodate the use of the Norfolk wherries, hence the image of a wherry on Swafield’s village sign.

The parish church of Saint Nicholas[edit]

Saint Nicholas Parish Church

The parish church of Saint Nicholas stands in a commanding position on high ground north of the village.[6] the church is built in the perpendicular style with large windows and dates from the late 15th century[7] although the tower is from the 14th century[8] and the nave has a thatched roof. Inside the church the base of the chancel screen can still be seen. the base is painted red green and gold and was decorated by a 15th-century artist. Roses and leaves have been carved in the tracery of the panels, on which there are paintings of the eight apostles. The interior of the roof is decorated bosses. Some of them feature Tudor roses, another a lion, but others have faces on them. One face is of Christ, with the five pointed beard. Another face is surrounded by a crown of thorns, in the rope style of the 15th century. A third face is surrounded by sun rays and represents Christ in glory. Displayed on the north wall there is a little crucifix. It was found in separate pieces over several days in March 1937[9] on the beach at Walcott, after storms had eroded the cliffs there. Each piece was thickly caked with clay. It is believed the crucifix had been buried purposely and may have been hidden at the time of the Reformation by locals, before the Anglican reformers came and stole it from them, although this is only local folklore with no provenance to prove this case.

Located in Trunch Road, the church is Grade II* listed. [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer Map 252 - Norfolk Coast East. ISBN 978-0-319-23815-8.
  2. ^ County A to Z Atlas, Street & Road maps Norfolk, ISBN 978-1-84348-614-5
  3. ^ Oxford Dictionary of British Place Names, Edited by A.D Mills ,Oxford University Press. 1991, ISBN 0-19-860606-0
  4. ^ The Domesday Book, Englands Heritage, Then and Now, Editor: Thomas Hinde,Norfolk page 194, Swafield, ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  5. ^ Domesday Book, A Complete Translation, Edited by Ann & Martin Williams, (2002). Penguin Classics. ISBN 0-14-051535-6
  6. ^ The Popular Guide to Norfolk Churches,1:North-East Norfolk, By D.P. Mortlock & C.V. Roberts, 1981, Pub:Acorn Editions, Page 90 Swafield Saint Nicholas, ISBN 0-906554-04-7
  7. ^ The King’s England series, NORFOLK, by Arthur Mee,Pub:Hodder and Stoughton,1972, page 296 Swafield, ISBN 0-340-15061-0
  8. ^ Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East, By Nikolaus Pevsner and Bill Wilson, Swafield entry. ISBN 0-300-09607-0
  9. ^ The Popular Guide to Norfolk Churches,1:North-East Norfolk, By D.P. Mortlock & C.V. Roberts, 1981, Pub:Acorn Editions, Page 91 Swafield Saint Nicholas, ISBN 0-906554-04-7
  10. ^ "Church of St Nicholas". British Listed Buildings. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Swafield at Wikimedia Commons