Swalcliffe

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Swalcliffe
SS Peter and Paul, Swalcliffe - geograph.org.uk - 119497.jpg
SS Peter and Paul parish church
Swalcliffe is located in Oxfordshire
Swalcliffe
Swalcliffe
 Swalcliffe shown within Oxfordshire
Population 237 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP3737
Civil parish Swalcliffe
District Cherwell District
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Banbury
Postcode district OX15
Dialling code 01295
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Banbury
Website Swalcliffe Village
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 52°02′17″N 1°27′07″W / 52.038°N 1.452°W / 52.038; -1.452

Swalcliffe is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) west of Banbury, Oxfordshire.

History[edit]

North of the village are the site of an Iron Age hill fort on Madmarston Hill, the site of a Roman villa at Swalcliffe Lea, and course of a former Roman Road (now a bridleway). One authority asserts that there was a Roman or Romano-British village here.[2]

The village's name comes from the Old English, swealwe and clif, meaning a slope or cliff frequented by swallows.[3]

The Church of England parish church of SS. Peter and Paul is Anglo-Saxon in origin[4] but was rebuilt in the 12th and 14th centuries. The bell tower was built in the 13th century and made higher in the 15th century.[5] It has a ring of six bells cast by Matthew I Bagley and Henry II Bagley of Chacombe,[6] Northamptonshire in 1685.[5][7] Richard Sanders of Bromsgrove[6] recast one of them in 1720.[5][7]

Swalcliffe Tithe Barn[edit]

Swalcliffe Tithe Barn

Swalcliffe tithe barn was built for New College, Oxford in 1401–07. It has an almost completely intact medieval timber half-cruck roof and is considered the finest medieval tithe barn in Oxfordshire[5] and one of the best examples in England. The barn is open free of charge on Sundays from Easter to October and houses part of the Oxfordshire Museum's[8] collection of traditional agricultural and trade vehicles and an exhibition of 2,500 years of Swalcliffe history. The building has similarities to the tithe barns at Adderbury and Upper Heyford, which also were built for New College around the beginning of the 15th century.[9]

Amenities[edit]

Swalcliffe has one public house, The Stag's Head. There is also a boarding school, Swalcliffe Park School, for boys with special educational needs.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Swalcliffe CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Aston & Bond 1976, p. 45.
  3. ^ Mills & Room 2003, p. not cited.
  4. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 795.
  5. ^ a b c d Crossley 1972, pp. 225–260.
  6. ^ a b Dovemaster (25 June 2010). "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Davies, Peter (15 December 2006). "Swalcliffe SS Peter & Paul". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  8. ^ The Oxfordshire Museum
  9. ^ Lobel 1959, pp. 196–205.
  10. ^ Swalcliffe Park School

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]