Swallow Sidecar Company

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Walmsley & Lyons
Trading name
  • Swallow Sidecar Company 1922-1926
  • Swallow Sidecar and Coachbuilding Company 1926-1927
  • Swallow Coachbuilding Company 1927-1930
Industry Motor vehicle bodies
Fate sold to Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited
Successors Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited
Founded Blackpool, England (September 2, 1922 (1922-09-02))
Founders William Walmsley and William Lyons
Defunct September 30, 1930 (1930-09-30)
Headquarters Blackpool then Coventry, England
Key people William Walmsley and William Lyons
Products sidecars and car bodies
Brands Swallow
Owners William Walmsley and William Lyons

Swallow Sidecar Company,[note 1] Swallow Sidecar and Coachbuilding Company, and Swallow Coachbuilding Company were trading names used by Walmsley & Lyons, partners and joint owners of a British manufacturer of motorcycle sidecars and automobile bodies in Blackpool, Lancashire — later Coventry, Warwickshire — before incorporating a company to own their business which they named Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited.

Under co-founder William Lyons its business continued to prosper as SS Cars Limited and grew into Jaguar Cars Limited. The sidecar manufacturing business by then owned by a different company, Swallow Coachbuilding Company (1935) Limited, was sold by Jaguar to an aircraft maintenance firm, Helliwell Group, in January 1946.

Lyons and Walmsley[edit]

Swallow was founded by two friends, William Walmsley aged 30 and William Lyons then aged 20. Their partnership became a legal entity on Lyons's 21st birthday, 4 September 1922. Both families lived in the same street in Blackpool, England. Walmsley had previously been making sidecars and bolting them onto reconditioned motorcycles. Lyons had served his apprenticeship at Crossley Motors in Manchester before moving to Blackpool Sunbeam dealers, Brown & Mallalieu, as a junior salesman.[1]

Their business partnership was known by three successive trading names: Swallow Sidecar Company, Swallow Sidecar and Coachbuilding Company, and Swallow Coachbuilding Company. In 1930 a limited liability company was incorporated to own their business.

Sidecars[edit]

Swallow Sidecar[edit]

Lyons, having recognised the commercial potential for these sidecars, joined Walmsley and together they found premises in Bloomfield Road, Blackpool using a £1,000 bank overdraft obtained with the assistance of their respective fathers. With a small team of employees they were able to begin commercial production of the motorcycle sidecars.[2]

Automobile bodies[edit]

Swallow Sidecar and Coachbuilding[edit]

1929 Austin Seven Swallow

The first car that Lyons and Walmsley worked on was the Austin 7, a popular and inexpensive vehicle. Lyons had persuaded a dealer in Bolton, Lancashire to supply him with an Austin 7 chassis and commissioned Cyril Holland, a coachbuilder from the Midlands, to create a distinctive, open tourer body. The result was the 1927 Austin Seven Swallow.

Priced at only £175, the Swallow, with its brightly coloured two-tone bodywork and a style that imitated the more expensive cars of the time, proved popular at a time of financial hardship for many. Soon after, a saloon version was produced: the Austin Seven Swallow Saloon.

Swallow Coachbuilding[edit]

In 1927 the "Sidecar" was dropped from the name, and it became the Swallow Coachbuilding Company.[3]

Coventry[edit]

2-door saloon on a
1930 Standard Big Nine chassis

The increasing demand for Swallows made it necessary to move the company closer to the heart of the British car industry and so, in 1928, they moved to a part disused First World War munitions factory at Holbrook Lane, Coventry. Business continued to grow and in 1929 the owners were confident enough to go to the expense of taking a stand at the London Motor Show.

Three new Swallow models appeared in 1929 on Standard, Swift, and Fiat chassis. Also in 1929 John Black and William Lyons realised a long standing dream and produced a one of a kind sports car, This "First" SS (Standard Swallow) was a sleek Boat Tail Roadster with a flowing, streamlined design and pointed to an obvious attempt at making a fast car, possibly with the intention of venturing into racing. This car is believed to have been shipped to Australia in the late 40s.

Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited[edit]

Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited
Trading name Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited
Industry Motor vehicle bodies
Fate sold to S. S. Cars Limited 1934
Predecessors Walmsley & Lyons trading as: Swallow Coachbuilding Company
Successors S. S. Cars Limited
Founded Coventry, England (October 1, 1930 (1930-10-01))
Founders William Walmsley and William Lyons
Defunct August 1, 1934 (1934-08-01)
Headquarters Coventry, England
Key people William Walmsley and William Lyons
Products sidecars and car bodies
Brands Swallow
Owners William Walmsley and William Lyons
Main articles: Wolseley Hornet and SS 1

Hornet[edit]

2-seater sports on a
1931 Wolseley Hornet chassis

Bodies on the Wolseley Hornet chassis fitted in well with Swallow's planned new product range. They were the first 6-cylinder Swallows. Production began in January 1931 with an open 2-seater. A 4-seater car followed in that autumn. In April 1932 the new Special chassis arrived and these cars were quite popular. They were the last of the special-bodied Swallows, whose production was replaced in the summer of 1933 by their SS 1 tourer first announced in March 1933.[4]

Production:[4]
  • Special Hornets: 2-seaters — 21; 4-seaters — 185
  • standard Hornets: 2-seaters — 100+; 4-seaters — 224 (the quantity of 2-seaters made in the first part of 1931 is unknown)

Advertising slogan for the Wolseley Hornet-Swallow cars:
"The Swallow touch that means so much".[4]

S S One[edit]

SS 1 tourer on a
1933 Standard Motor Company chassis

Engines and chassis supplied by the Standard Motor Company were fitted with Swallow bodies styled under Lyons supervision. The first of the SS range of cars available to the public was the 1932 SS 1 with 2-litre or 2½-litre side-valve, six-cylinder engine and the SS 2 with a four-cylinder 1-litre side-valve engine. Initially available as coupé or tourer a saloon was added in 1934, when the chassis was modified to be 2 inches (50 mm) wider.

The success of the new range brought about a number of changes. William Walmsley wished to leave this business and it was decided to replace Walmsley's capital by bringing new outside shareholders into a brand-new incorporation, S. S. Cars Limited.[note 2] The new company technically commenced business on 1 February 1934 following its incorporation 26 October 1933. Subsequently S. S. Cars Limited bought the shares of Swallow Coachbuilding Limited as of 31 July 1934 and Swallow was liquidated (wound up) before S. S. issued shares to the public in January 1935.

After Swallow[edit]

SS Cars Limited[edit]

Main article: SS Cars Ltd

The continued success and expansion of their SS Jaguar range, in particular the sports and saloon cars announced in late 1935 would lead to its new name:

Jaguar Cars Limited[edit]

Main article: Jaguar Cars Ltd

Towards the end of the war on 23 March 1945 the SS Cars Limited shareholders in general meeting agreed to change the company's name to Jaguar Cars Limited. Said Chairman William Lyons "Unlike S.S. the name Jaguar is distinctive and cannot be connected or confused with any similar foreign name."[5]

Sidecar production was now by Swallow Coachbuilding Co. (1935) Ltd. of Albion Road, Birmingham, 11.[6]

Helliwell[edit]

In January 1946 the Helliwell Group, an aircraft maintenance firm, bought Swallow Coachbuilding Company (1935) Limited from Jaguar Cars Limited.[7] Sidecars produced at Helliwells' Walsall Airport works were built in the same way as the originals and used the same patented trademark.[8] They closed shop in the late 1950s.

The Swallow logo has been registered with the Intellectual Property Office in England as #2591789 by the Swallow Coachbuilding Co. (1935) Ltd.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The first of three trading names used by W Walmsley and W Lyons for their manufacturing business. They were in partnerships:
    • Swallow Sidecar Company 1922-1926
    • Swallow Sidecar and Coachbuilding Company 1926-1927
    • Swallow Coachbuilding Company 1927-1930
    Then shareholders together in the limited liability company with the name
    • Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited operating with effect from October 1930, liquidated in 1934 after the purchase of its business by SS Cars Limited
  2. ^ S. S. Cars Limited (Swallow Road, Holbrook Lane, Coventry) was formed to take over that part of the business of the Swallow Coachbuilding Company Limited concerned with the manufacture and sale of S.S. motor-cars. Nominal capital £10,000 in £1 shares.
    New Companies Registered. The Times, Saturday, Oct 28, 1933; pg. 19; Issue 46587

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] (Retrieved 18 July 2007)
  2. ^ [2] Jaguar Enthusiasts Jaguar History (Retrieved 18 July 2007)
  3. ^ [3] CarType Standard Swallow Logo (Retrieved 1 December 2006)
  4. ^ a b c Jaguar, the definitive history of a great British car, Andrew Whyte, Patrick Stevens, Wellingborough 1985 ISBN 0 85059 746 3
  5. ^ S.S. Cars Limited. The Times, Wednesday, Apr 04, 1945; pg. 10; Issue 50108
  6. ^ [4] Scooter-Sidecars Swallow (Retrieved 1 December 2006)
  7. ^ Jaguar Cars Limited. Preference share issue. The Times, Wednesday, Mar 13, 1946; pg. 9; Issue 50399
  8. ^ [5] Doretti Swallow Doretti (Retrieved 1 December 2006)

External links[edit]