Swami Aseemanand

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Swami Aseemanand
Born Naba Kumar
Kamarpukar, Hooghly district, West Bengal, India
Nationality Indian
Other names Jiten Chatterjee, Omkarnath
Religion Hindu
Parents Bibhutibhushan Sarkar (Father), Pramila Sarkar (Mother)

Swami Aseemanand is a former Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) activist from India who is accused of planning terror attacks on Ajmer Sharif, Mecca Masjid, 2006 Malegaon blasts and 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) arrested Aseemanand on November 19, 2010 for his involvement in Mecca Masjid bombing.On 24 December 2010 he was handed over to National Investigation Agency (NIA). In his confession before Metropolitan Magistrate Deepak Dabas at Tis Hazari courts on December 18, 2010, he confessed that he and other Hindu activists were involved in bombings at various Muslim religious places as they wanted to answer every Islamist terror act with “a bomb for bomb’’ policy.[1][2][3] His confession, recorded in Hindi, has been reported in Tehelka news magazine Issue Dated January 15, 2011 “In the Words of a Zealot.’’.[4] However, in late March 2011, Aseemanand stated that he had been pressurised by the investigating agencies to confess that he was behind these blasts.

In February 2014, a controversy erupted over interviews given by Swami Aseemanand to a magazine called "The Caravan," in which he alleged that some of the worst terror attacks in India were sanctioned by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or RSS, and its then General Secretary Mr. Mohan Bhagwat.[5] Although Aseemanand subsequently denied making such allegations, "The Caravan" newsmagazine released audio tapes of the interviews which included the Swami's stunning allegations.[6]

Early life[edit]

Aseemanand (Naba Kumar aka Jiten Chatterjee aka Omkarnath) was born in Kamarpukar located in the Hooghly district of West Bengal. His father was Bibhutibhushan Sarkar a noted freedom fighter and his mother is Pramila Sarkar.[7] He is one of six brothers. His early life was influenced by Ramakrishna Paramhansa and his world renowned disciple Swami Vivekanand. As a student he was inducted into the RSS. A graduate in physics, he did his post-graduation from the University of Burdwan, and it was here that his association with the RSS got stronger. He went on to work full time in 1977 with the RSS linked Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram (VKA). His name Aseemanand was courtesy his guru Swami Parmanand in whose ashram in Bangram village of Burdwan Aseemanand stayed till 1988.[8]

Life with tribals[edit]

Aseemanand moved in 1988 to the Andaman and Nicobar islands to work with the local office of Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram. Sources[who?] confirmed that Swami Aseemanand had constructed a few hut type Temples and in some remote areas installed the idols of ‘Lord Hanuman’, perhaps as per the belief that the tribals worshipped the monkey god. “One such temple still could be seen in a village near Miletilek of South Andaman,” said a person who knew Swami Aseemanand very closely in Andamans.[9][dead link]

In 1993, he came to the headquarters of VKA in Jaspurnagar in Chattisgarh state. After two years, Aseemanand was sent to Dangs district of Gujarat to work with tribals in the area. Local tribals told him that the Ramayana era mythological character 'Shabari' used to live in those forests which influenced Aseemanand to build a Shabari temple there.[8] Under the aegis of the RSS, in February 2006 the Shabari Kumbh was organised in Subir village. According to Manini Chatterjee of Indian Express, the Shabari Kumbh was part of the "RSS offensive against Christian missionaries and an attempt to establish Hindutva in this adivasi-dominated district".[10]

Allegations and arrest[edit]

Rajasthan ATS arrested Devendra Gupta on April 29 in connection with 2007 Ajmer Sharif Dargah blast. During the course of his interrogation, Gupta mentioned that it was Aseemanand and Sunil Joshi who had brought him into their fold and convinced him to carry out attacks in Ajmer and Mecca Masjid. This lead a team from Rajasthan ATS to track Aseemanand. He was arrested by CBI on November 19, 2010 from an ashram in Haridwar in Uttarakhand for his alleged involvement in the Ajmer, Hyderabad and Samjhauta Express blasts.[11][12]

Confession and aftermath[edit]

Tehelka political magazine claims on 16 December, Aseemanand requested the magistrate to record his confession about his involvement in a string of terror attacks. He stated that he was making the confession without any fear, force, coercion or inducement. In accordance with the law, the magistrate asked Aseemanand to reflect over his decision and sent him to judicial custody for two days — away from any police interference or influence. On 18 December, Aseemanand returned. “I know I can be sentenced to the death penalty but I still want to make the confession,” Aseemanand said. Over the next five hours, Aseemanand allegedly explained to the magistrate about the "involvement of a few Hindutva leaders, including himself, in planning and executing a series of terror attacks".[4] A letter written by Aseemanand on December 20, 2010, two days after his confession to the CBI, was presented as evidence in January 2011 to show that the confession he gave was voluntary. In the letter, Aseemanand has explained his change of heart after meeting a Muslim boy who was falsely implicated in Malegaon blasts.[13]

However on 12 May 2011 Aseemanand claimed that his confessional statements were obtained by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) "under pressure".[14] On June 2011 The National Investigation Agency(NIA) charged Swami Aseemanand in Samjhauta Express train blast case.[15] and 2007 Ajmer dargah blasts case.[16]


  1. ^ Vinay Kumar (2011-01-08). "News / National : Swami Aseemanand's confession reveals Hindutva terror activities". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  2. ^ "Swami Aseemanand, as I know him - Rediff.com India News". Rediff.com. 2011-01-18. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  3. ^ "Is Swami Aseemanand a Terrorist?". Breakingnewsonline.net. 2011-01-19. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  4. ^ a b "India's Independent Weekly News Magazine". Tehelka. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  5. ^ "What Aseemanand allegedly said about Narendra Modi, RSS and terror". NDTV. Retrieved 2014-02-06. 
  6. ^ "Swami Aseemanand claims RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat knew about conspiracy to bomb civilian targets". The Caravan. 2014-02-05. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  7. ^ My son has been framed, says Aseemananda’s mother
  8. ^ a b "Terror has a new colour". The Asian Age. 2011-01-16. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  9. ^ "Andaman Sheekha, the True Mirror of A & N Islands". Andamansheekha.com. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  10. ^ "Sangh’s new Kumbh to take Hindutva offensive to the Dangs". Indianexpress.com. 2005-09-21. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  11. ^ "Terror probe: CBI arrests Aseemanand in Haridwar". Indian Express. 2010-11-20. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  12. ^ "Aseemanand confessed role in Samjhauta blast, claims probe". Indian Express. 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  13. ^ "Aseemanand's confession before CBI voluntary - India News - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  14. ^ "Confessed involuntarily and under duress: Samjhauta blast accused Aseemanand - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  15. ^ "Aseemanand, four others charged in Samjhauta blast case - Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2011-06-20. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  16. ^ "NIA files charge sheet against Aseemanand in Ajmer dargah case". Indian Express. 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-11-19.