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Swami Lakshmanananda Saraswati (1926–2008), born Shravan Krishna Navami, was a Hindu monk and a highly revered spiritual leader who lived a life dedicated to tribal welfare. The Swami was a native of Gurujanga village in Talcher and born in a pious brahmin family. Over four decades ago, he left his wife and one year old son to become monk, and moved to Rishikesh in Himalay. In 1968, He established an Ashram at Chakapada in Kandhamal district of Odisha. Since 1970 he had been involved in social services promoting tribal welfare. He was regarded as a Messiah among Hindu tribals of the area
His work for the upliftment of isolated tribal population and opposition to aggressive proselytizing, had run afoul of several evangelical Christian groups as well as Maoist terrorists. He was severely injured in an attack by a Christian mob on Christmas Eve, 2007. Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati accused the Congress Member Of Parliament and the chief of the missionary organisation, World Vision, Mr Radhakant Nayak for the attack on him. He also alleged that there is a nexus between Maoist terrorist and missionaries. The swami also said that World Vision spent money in India for proselytization, including during the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. An Assam-cadre IPS officer (retired) from Odisha, Ashok Sahu, after visiting the Kandhamal district alleged that an NGO, World Vision, patronised by Congress Rajya Sabha member Radhakanta Nayak, had a role in the attack on Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati on December 24.
Swami's claim that he has been attacked 8 times before 2008  was corroborated in January 2008 by a fact finding commission, chaired by Additional Advocate General of Rajasthan G.S.Gill. The first attack on the Swami occurred on December 26, 1970
He was assassinated along with four disciples at his kanyashram (Girls school) at Tumudibandh, about 100 km from Phulbani, the district headquarters of Kandhmal district on the sacred day of Janmashtami. A group of 30-40 armed men surrounded the Ashram. Four of the assailants carried AK-47s and many others had locally made revolvers. Two of the four government provided security guards had gone home to eat. The assailants tied and gagged the two remaining guards. Within minutes of the reaching the crime scene, the district authorities made a statement saying it was suspected Maoists who killed the Swami. The Maoist leader Panda told the private Oriya channels at an undisclosed destination that the Maoists decided to eliminate Saraswati as he was 'spreading social unrest' in the tribal-dominated district. However, Security experts who specialise in left wing extremism disagree that Maoists or left wing extremists could be behind the assassination of the monk.
Hundreds of people had gathered en route to pay their last respects to Lakshmanananda. They ended up civil-unrest, rioting, looting and attack of places of worship mostly churches and Hindu-temples to a lesser extent.
Subash Chouhan, national co-convener of the Bajrang Dal, refused to accept that the Maoists were responsible, saying "Why all of a sudden so many days after the incident has [Panda] come and spoken to the television channels?".
 See also
- Murder of Swami Lakshmanananda
- Bharatiya Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram
- Swami Shanti Kali Maharaj of Tripura
- Religious violence in Orissa
- http://www.orissatimes.net/2008/08/swami-laxmanananda-saraswati-man-with.html Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati, A Man with a Mission
- was messiah for tribal Hindus in Kandhamal' Press Trust of India - October 7, 2009
- Why Swami Laxmanananda was killed
- "Advani, Singhal, Togadia natural targets of Maoists". The Times Of India. October 5, 2008.
- http://www.newstodaynet.com/printer.php?id=3557 Attack on Laxmanananda by Christian mob in Orissa-I V Sundaram | Fri, 28 Dec, 2007
- News Today
- http://www.dailypioneer.com/13972/Ex-IPS-officer-blames-Maoists-churches.html Ex IPS Officer Blames Maoists, Churches
- India Today
- Anti-reconversion lobby killed Laxmananand: NGO The Pioneer - September 6, 2008
- http://www.rediff.com/news/2008/oct/05orissa.htm Panda’s Maoist minions kill Lakshmanananda
- http://www.rediff.com/news/2008/aug/28orissa1.htm Who killed Swami Lakshmanananda? Krishnakumar P, August 28, 2008
- Kandhamal Superintendent of Police S Praveen Kumar told the SC Mohapatra Commission of inquiry
- http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/fl2519/stories/20080926251900400.htm Sangh Parivar’s Orissa Project
- "Report: Maoists say they murdered Hindu leader". USA Today. 10/5/2008. Retrieved 2012-04-21.