Rama Tirtha

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Swami Rama Tirtha
Swami Rama Tirtha.jpg
Swami Ram Tirtha
Born (1873-10-22)October 22, 1873
Village Muraliwala, British India (present-day Gujranwala District, Punjab)
Died October 27, 1906(1906-10-27) (aged 33)
Tehri, United Province, British India
Nationality Indian
Alma mater Government College, Lahore
Occupation Preaching
Known for Preacher of Vedanta

Swami Rama Tirtha About this sound pronunciation  (Hindi: स्वामी रामतीर्थ October 22, 1873 – 27 October 1906[1]), also known as Swami Ram, was an Indian teacher of the Hindu philosophy of Vedanta. He was among the first notable teachers of Hinduism to lecture in the United States, travelling there in 1902, preceded by Swami Vivekananda in 1893 and followed by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920.[2][3] During his American tours Swami Rama Tirtha spoke frequently on the concept of 'practical Vedanta'[4] and education of Indian youth.[5] He proposed bringing young Indians to American universities and helped establish scholarships for Indian students.[6]

Biography[edit]

Rama Tirtha was born to Pandit Hiranand Goswami on 22 October 1873 (Deepawali Vikram Samvat 1930) in the village of Muraliwala in the Gujranwala District of Punjab, Pakistan.[7] His mother died when he was a few days old and he was raised by his elder brother Gossain Gurudas. After receiving a master's degree in mathematics from The Government College of Lahore he became professor of mathematics at Forman Christian College, Lahore.

A chance meeting with Swami Vivekananda in 1897 in Lahore, inspired his later decision to take up the life of a sannyasi.[8] Having became well known for his speeches on Krishna and Advaita Vedanta he became a swami in 1899 on the day of Deepawali,[9] leaving his wife, his children and his professorial chair.

A trip to Japan to teach Hinduism was sponsored by Maharaja Kirtishah Bahadur of Tehri: from there he travelled to the United States of America in 1902, where he spent two years lecturing on Hinduism, other religions and his philosophy of "practical vedanta".[4] He frequently spoke about the iniquities of the caste system in India and the importance of education of women and of the poor, stating that "neglecting the education of women and children and the labouring classes is like cutting down the branches that are supporting us - nay, it is like striking a death-blow to the roots of the tree of nationality."[8] Arguing that India needed educated young people, not missionaries, he began an organization to aid Indian students in American universities[5] and helped to establish a number of scholarships for Indian students.[10]

Though upon his return to India in 1904 large audiences initially attended his lectures he completely withdrew from public life in 1906 and moved to the foothills of the Himalaya where he prepared to write a book giving a systematic presentation of practical vedanta. It was never finished: He died on 27 October 1906 (Deepawali Vikram Samvat 1963), so that he was born, took sannyas and died on Deepawali.

Many believe he did not die but gave up his body to the river Ganges.[11]

A significant prediction made by Swami Rama Tirtha for future India is quoted in Shiv R. Jhawar's book, Building a Noble World.[12] Rama Tirtha predicted: “After Japan, China will rise and gain prosperity and strength. After China, the sun of prosperity and learning will again smile at India.” [13]

Legacy[edit]

Indian Revolutionary Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil depicted the character of Swami Rama Tirtha in the poem Yuva Sannyasi.[14]

Two of his disciples, S. Puran Singh and Narayana Swami, wrote biographies. Puran Singh's The Story of Swami Rama: The Poet Monk of the Punjab[15] appeared in 1924 and was published in English as well as in Hindi. Narayana Swami's untitled account was published in 1935 as a part of Rama Tirtha's collected works.[16]

Paramahansa Yogananda translated many of Rama Tirtha's poems from Bengali into English and put some of them to music:[17] one, entitled "Marching Light", appeared in Yogananda's book Cosmic Chants, as "Swami Rama Tirtha's Song".[18]

The Swami Rama Tirtha Mission Ashram is located at Kotal Gaon Rajpura, near Dehra Dun in Uttarakhand, India.

One of three campuses of Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal Central University, situated at Badshahi Thaul, New Tehri, is known as the Swami Rama Tirtha Parisar(SRTC).

His sister's son H. W. L. Poonja became a noted Advaita teacher in Lucknow, while Hemant Goswami, his great-grandson, is a social activist based in Chandigarh.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dr.'Krant'M.L.Verma Swadhinta Sangram Ke Krantikari Sahitya Ka Itihas (Vol-2) page 421
  2. ^ Brooks, p. 72.
  3. ^ Frawley, p. 3.
  4. ^ a b Rinehart, p. 1.
  5. ^ a b Bromley, p. 82.
  6. ^ Singh, appendix, article from Minneapolis Tribune: Would Save Countrymen: Swami Ram Plans the Redemption of the Ignorant Masses in India—American Education: He Would Have Them Come Here, as Did the Young Japanese.
  7. ^ Dr.'Krant'M.L.Verma Swadhinta Sangram Ke Krantikari Sahitya Ka Itihas (Vol-2) page 418
  8. ^ a b Khular.
  9. ^ Dr.'Krant'M.L.Verma Swadhinta Sangram Ke Krantikari Sahitya Ka Itihas (Vol-2) page 419
  10. ^ Singh, appendix, article from Minneapolis Tribune.
  11. ^ Dr.'Krant'M.L.Verma Swadhinta Sangram Ke Krantikari Sahitya Ka Itihas (Vol-2) page 421
  12. ^ Jhawar, Shiv (2004). Building A Noble World, p. 52
  13. ^ Swami Rama Tirtha, In Woods of God-Realization, Volume IV, Chapter “Talk at Faizabad” (Lucknow, India: Swami Rama Tirtha Pratisthan, 1993), p. 286.
  14. ^ Dr.'Krant'M.L.Verma Swadhinata Sangram Ke Krantikari Sahitya Ka Itihas (Vol-2) page 419
  15. ^ Singh, Puran (1924). The Story of Swami Rama: The Poet Monk of the Punjab. Madras: Ganesh & Co. 
  16. ^ Rinehart, p. 2.
  17. ^ Satyananda, p. 20.
  18. ^ Yoganand, p.78

Further reading[edit]

  • In Woods of God Realization: The complete works of Swami Rama Tirtha. Rama Tirtha Pratisthan. [1]
  • Parables of Rama by Swami Rama Tirtha. Rama Tirtha Pratisthan. [2]
  • Practical Vedanta Selected Works of Swami Rama Tirtha: Selected Works of Swami Rama Tirtha. 1978, Himalayan Institute Press. ISBN 0-89389-038-3.
  • Yoga and the Supreme Bliss : Songs of Enlightenment. Swami Rama Tirtha, 1982, trans. A.Z. Alston. ISBN 0-9508019-0-9.
  • Life, Teachings And Writings Of Swami Rama Tirtha, by Prem Lata. Sumit Publications, ISBN 81-7000-158-7.
  • Swami Rama Tirtha - A Great Mystic Poet of India. [3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]