Swan Island Municipal Airport

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Swan Island Municipal Airport
Swan Island Municipal Airport terminal.jpg
Swan Island Airport from the air.JPG
IATA: noneICAO: none
Summary
Airport type military/public
Owner/Operator Port of Portland
Serves Portland, Oregon
Opened 1926 (USPS), 1927 (commercial)
Closed 1946
Passenger services ceased 1940
Elevation AMSL 20 ft / 6.1 m
Coordinates 45°33′42″N 122°42′53″W / 45.56167°N 122.71472°W / 45.56167; -122.71472Coordinates: 45°33′42″N 122°42′53″W / 45.56167°N 122.71472°W / 45.56167; -122.71472

The Swan Island Municipal Airport was a joint civil-military airport that was operational in the Overlook neighborhood of Portland, Oregon. It opened officially in 1927, but the United States Postal Service had been using the field for a year. After the Portland–Columbia Super Airport was completed in the late 1930s, Swan Island Municipal Airport had little use since its runways were too small for newer aircraft and the low altitude made it difficult to land and take-off. It was operational for nearly two decades, but due in part to the advances in aviation, the airport became obsolete soon after its construction. During World War II, the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation was located at Swan Island and when they became obsolete after the war was over the Port of Portland built a dry dock on the airport site which continues to serve as one of their facilities.

History[edit]

Oakley G. Kelly, the commanding officer at Pearson Airfield in Vancouver, Washington, was one of the first to seriously propose using Swan Island as an airfield.[1][2] In 1926, the Port of Portland, assisted by the United States Postal Service (USPS), organized a committee to look for a location for a new airport in Portland. The group chose Swan Island which was a peninsula along the Willamette River.[3] Objections over the airport started almost immediately, as postal workers who were using Pearson Airfield claimed Swan Island might flood. A plan was drawn-up to raise the elevation of Swan Island to keep floodwater out.[4] W. L. Thompson spearheaded the commission and was the project's chief engineer. James H. Polhemus was the Port of Portland's general manager and chief engineer at the time.[5]

The airport photographed in 1935

In a proposal to the Port of Portland, the west channel of the Willamette River next to Swan Island would have to be widened, and a dike built to keep high water out.[6] The project extended its timeline in May 1926, forcing the USPS to keep using Pearson Airfield in Vancouver to deliver mail to the city.[7] Most of the accommodations for the USPS at Swan Island Municipal Airport opened in September 1926, but commercial services were sill being readied. The airfield only took-up a fraction of the land on Swan Island. The other areas were cleared and leveled so industrial growth could take place.[8] During its construction, the Port of Portland requested that the Swan Island Municipal Airport be the future site of the Pacific Coast Air Derby, which was approved.[9]

Swan Island Municipal Airport officially dedicated in September 1927 by Charles Lindbergh who flew the Spirit of St. Louis onto the airstrip. Although the field was not officially complete, most of the facilities like hangars and landing strips were finished. Adjacent from the airport was Rankin Airfield, which was a private strip owned by a North Portland resident.[10] Upon its completion, the airport cost US$557,073 (US$7,421,009 adjusted for inflation).[11] The official opener for the Swan Island Municipal Airport came on September 27 during the Pacific Coast Air Derby where six army plans performed for 10,000 paid spectators.[12] A gravel runway was installed in 1928, replacing the old dirt one.[13] In 1929, Varney Air Lines started passenger services between Portland and Boise, Idaho and later that year from Portland to Salt Lake City, Utah and Portland to Pasco, Washington.[14][15]

An aircraft at Swan Island Municipal Airport parked at the terminal.

The Port of Portland and the Portland City Council held meetings in 1935 to investigate a possible renovation of the Swan Island Municipal Airport. They determined that it would not be cost effective to rebuild the airport to accommodate larger aircraft.[16] By 1936, citizens were petitioning the city council to fund a larger airport at a higher elevation.[17] I. E. Oakes, the Works Progress Administration director for Portland announced in 1937 that he would look to secure US$627,781 (US$10,298,805 adjusted for inflation) in funds from the federal government to build a new runway to accommodate large airlines.[18] However, the federal government condemned the site and offered up funds to build a new airport.[19]

After the Portland–Columbia Super Airport was constructed, the Swan Island Municipal Airport still operated, but in a diminished capacity. Flying students were banned from using the airport in their training programs due to the low altitude.[20] The military removed their facilities from the airport and most commercial liners had moved their services to the new airport.[21] During World War II, Swan Island was the location of the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation where 455 vessels were produced for the United States Military. After the war the obsolete shipyards and the old airstrip were converted into a dry dock for the Port of Portland where they still operate.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swan Island approved". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 24 January 1926. p. 14. 
  2. ^ "Swan Island urged as aviation field". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 18 January 1926. p. 1. 
  3. ^ "Advice on air port here being asked". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 10 July 1926. p. 12. 
  4. ^ "Swan Island site offered air mail". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 15 May 1926. p. 1. 
  5. ^ "Swan Island site ample". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 11 September 1926. p. 9. 
  6. ^ "Causeway feature important for Swan Island". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 14 November 1926. p. 30. 
  7. ^ "Air field plan alters". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 20 May 1926. p. 27. 
  8. ^ "Swan Island improved". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 5 September 1926. p. 14. 
  9. ^ "Swan Island selected". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 7 July 1927. p. 3. 
  10. ^ "Swan Island field ready for planes". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 11 September 1927. p. 74. 
  11. ^ "Toy balloons tell secrets of skies". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 24 February 1929. p. 62. 
  12. ^ "Fliers arrive in Spokane". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 18 September 1927. p. 2. 
  13. ^ "Greys harbor men's visit". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 24 May 1928. p. 16. 
  14. ^ "Direct air route to east to start". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 9 March 1929. p. 10. 
  15. ^ "Air services comes here". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 8 May 1929. p. 8. 
  16. ^ "Swan Island defended". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 11 December 1935. p. 7. 
  17. ^ "Campaign pushed for super airport". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 12 January 1936. p. 16. 
  18. ^ "Air line chiefs inspect airport". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 24 October 1937. p. 4. 
  19. ^ "Airport pledge held shattered". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 8 May 1938. p. 1. 
  20. ^ "Air training site shifted". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). 3 August 1940. p. 14. 
  21. ^ Jones, Richard (3 August 1941). "Old air field remains busy". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). p. 40. 
  22. ^ Willingham, William F. "Swan Island". OregonEncyclopedia.com. Portland State University. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 

External links[edit]