Swan River, Manitoba
|Town of Swan River|
Swan River is a town in Manitoba, Canada. It is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Swan River and in the Swan River Valley. Swan River acts as the hub to the surrounding communities of Minitonas, Benito, Bowsman, Birch River, and the other communities in the valley. As of 2011, Swan River is Manitoba's 15th largest in population. The population of the town according to Statistics Canada in 2011 was 3,907, with an additional 2,546 people living in the surrounding rural municipality of Swan River.
- 1 History
- 2 Geology
- 3 Ecology
- 4 Climate
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Local media
- 8 Education
- 9 Sports and Recreation
- 10 Events
- 11 Centennial
- 12 Local awards and distinctions
- 13 Citations
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The town is situated along the Swan River which flows into Swan Lake 55 km to the north-east, which is believed to be named for the swans that frequent the lake. Henry Kelsey became the first European explorer to visit the area in 1690. The name of the lake is first noted on a map created by Peter Fidler in 1795 and again on a French map in 1802 (as L du Cigne). The first permanent European settlement dates back to 1770, when fur traders from both the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company established outposts along the Swan River where they bought and sold goods to local Cree peoples by way of birch bark canoes.
In 1876, the musical band of the North-West Mounted Police, the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, made its debut in what was later to become Swan River. The instruments used in the band were purchased by the 20 officers in the band and shipped from Winnipeg by dog sled.
The first pioneers arrived in the Swan Valley through the Duck Mountains in 1897 and quickly developed the farming potential of the area. The proposed construction of a line of the Canadian Northern Railway was announced in 1898 and the town was founded in 1900, though it was little more than a post office at the time. Swan River was officially incorporated as a town in 1908.
The Swan River Valley is not truly a river valley, but is instead a western extension of the Manitoba lowlands into the Manitoba Escarpment. The Valley is surrounded by escarpment features on three sides: the Duck Mountains to the south; the Porcupine Hills to the north; and Thunder Hill to the west. To the east is Lake Winnipegosis, which is a modern remnant of glacial Lake Agassiz, a lake that filled the valley after the last ice age (the valley was then a bay on the western shore of the lake).
Valley soils are formed from a mixture of glacial till and lacustrine clay. Sandy beach ridges (marking the western shore of Lake Agassiz at various times) lie throughout the area: a prominent beach ridge lies under the town's golf course, just west of town. Valley soils are typically very fertile and deep, and are the area's greatest natural resource. But they also have a high calcium carbonate content and an alkaline pH, which limits their productivity in some crops (for example, blueberries).
The Valley is near the southern limit of the boreal forest in its transition zone to aspen parkland. Valley trees include white spruce, black spruce, tamarack larch, balsam fir, jack pine, quaking aspen, balsam poplar, and paper birch. Most of the forest has been cleared from the flat valley bottom for agricultural purposes, but the surrounding hills are still heavily forested, and are designated as forest reserves.
Numerous peaty bogs and wetlands are present in the area, including hundreds of oxbow lakes of the meandering Swan and Woody rivers. The surrounding hills have many lakes, as does the lower lake bottom land near the eastern edge of the valley.
The climate of west-central Manitoba features extreme seasonal variation, with winter temperatures below −30°C and summer temperatures above +30°C not uncommon. The town therefore has very distinct seasons. Snow usually covers the ground from early November to early April, and only two Christmases have been recorded that have not been "white" (snow covered) since such records have been kept. The transition from winter to spring to summer is rapid, with the snow of late March turning to the full green of summer by mid-May. The onset of autumn, then winter, is equally rapid, as daytime high temperatures above +20°C are common in late September, while temperatures above freezing are rare by early November, only 7 weeks later. Summer, although short, is pleasant and very green, owing to the fertility of local soils and adequate rainfall.
Most precipitation falls as rain in the summer - usually in brief thunderstorms - or in less violent but more protracted snow or rainshowers in spring and fall. Little preciptation falls in winter because the air is then too cold to hold significant amounts of moisture. However, because the temperature rarely goes above the melting point of water in winter, what precipitation that does fall falls as snow, and accumulates on the ground, building to a depth of about 45 cm before finally starting to melt in March.
|Climate data for Swan River, Manitoba|
|Record high °C (°F)||8.5
|Average high °C (°F)||−13.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−18.2
|Average low °C (°F)||−23
|Record low °C (°F)||−46.1
|Precipitation mm (inches)||23
|Source: Environment Canada|
The economic base of the town lies in agriculture and forestry along with support industries for same.
Almost fifty percent of the surrounding area is under cultivation, most of which is seeded to cereal grain, oilseeds, and other specialty crops. Wheat, rye, barley, oats, flax, and canola are the primary grain crops, while other commercial crops include potatoes and strawberries. There are also many mixed farms producing cattle, pigs, and farm-raised wild animals.
Softwood lumber trees (primarily white spruce) are cut from the surrounding forests, and milled at Spruce Products Ltd. Also, east of Swan River in the Rural Municipality of Minitonas, is located a mill specializing in the production of oriented strand board from aspen and balsam poplar. It is owned by Louisiana-Pacific.
Other major industries of the town are health care, retail services, manufacturing, and tourism.
The town is served by provincial highways 10, 10A, 83, and 83A. Until recently, Provincial Highway 83 started near Swan River's southwest corner. The completion of a new bypass changed the highway to start on the east side of Swan River. The highway continues south to the American border near Westhope, ND. It then continues south as U.S. Route 83 to the Mexican border near Brownsville, TX.
Swan River Airport has no scheduled flights and is used by charter services, emergency flights and private pilots.
- Swan Valley Star and Times 
- CFGW-FM-1 95.3, (rebroadcast of CFGW-FM Yorkton, SK)
- CJSB 104.5, Adult Contemporary, Country, Community Information
Public schools in Swan River are governed by the Swan Valley School Division #35. There are nine public schools in the Swan Valley, four of which are in the town of Swan River.
- Benito School (Junior Kindergarten to Grade 8, ~93 Students)
- Birch River School (Junior Kindergarten to Grade 8, ~74 Students)
- Bowsman School (Junior Kindergarten to Grade 8, ~105 Students)
- École Swan River South School (Kindergarten to Grade 8 French Immersion, Grade 6 to Grade 8 English ~245 Students)
- Heyes School (Kindergarten to Grade 6, ~126 Students)
- Minitonas Early Years School (Kindergarten to Grade 4, ~85 Students)
- Minitonas Middle Years School (Grade 5 to Grade 9, ~107 Students)
- Swan Valley Regional Secondary School (Grade 9 to Grade 12, ~565 Students)
- Taylor School (Kindergarten to Grade 5, ~227 Students)
- Community Bible Fellowship Christian School (Kindergarten to Grade 8)
Sports and Recreation
Recreation Facilities: In addition to the Centennial Arena, Swan River has a six sheet curling rink and a jr. olympic-sized outdoor swimming pool, the Swan River Kinsmen Pool. Currently under construction is phase one of the Richardson Recreation and Wellness Centre, which is the Swan Valley Credit Union Aquatics Centre. The next phases will possibly include an indoor fieldhouse and community health services. Two parks within the town have walking paths. Additionally, the town maintains several baseball diamonds soccer fields. Nearby is a golf course which was recently expanded from 9 to 18 holes. Stock car racing can be found at the quarter-mile clay oval Swan Valley Speedway.
Thunderhill Ski Area which features some of Manitoba's longest ski runs is about a twenty minute drive from Swan River.
Swan River hosts the annual Northwest Round-up and Exhibition on the last weekend of July. The Northwest Round-up and Exhibition, which is hosted by the Agricultural Society, includes a parade, chariot and chuck wagon races, heavy and light horse shows, talent stages, concerts, dances, home living and school work exhibits, a midway, and the rodeo, which features events like the heavy horse pull, barrel racing, calf roping, and bull riding.
Swan River began its year-long centennial celebration on January 1, 2008. The main highlight of the celebration was a homecoming held on the first weekend of August, 2008.
Local awards and distinctions
- Designated as 'Forest Capital of Canada 1998'.
- In 2004, members of the Swan River Curling Club won the Safeway Select provincial curling finals and competed in the 2004 Nokia Brier in Saskatoon, SK.
- The current mayor, Glen McKenzie, was in CBC's Test the Nation on March 11, 2007 and was the only mayor from Manitoba.
- The Swan Valley Envirothon team represented Manitoba at the 2007 Canon Envirothon competition in Geneva, New York and placed 8th overall, and first in Canada.
- The Swan Valley Envirothon team represented Manitoba at the 2009 Canon Envirothon competition in Asheville, North Carolina and placed 11th overall, and first in Canada.
- The Swan Valley Envirothon team represented Manitoba at the 2010 Canon Envirothon competition in Fresno, California and placed 8th overall, and second in Canada.
- The Swan Valley Envirothon team represented Manitoba at the 2011 Canon Envirothon competition in Sackville, New Brunswick and placed 1st overall.
- The Swan Valley Envirothon team represented Manitoba at the 2012 Canon Envirothon competition in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania and placed 14th overall.
Geographical Names of Manitoba, National Library of Canada, ISBN 0-7711-1517-2, 2005