The widespread claims made for the diet have not been substantiated by independent medical research.
According to the Swank diet web site, the diet consists of:
- Saturated fat should not exceed 15 grams per day
- Unsaturated fat (oils) should be kept to 20-50 grams per day
- No red meat for the first year; after that, a maximum of 3 oz. (85 grams) of red meat per week
- Dairy products must contain 1% or less butterfat
- No processed foods containing saturated fat
- A good source of omega-3 (oily fish, cod liver oil, cod liver oil tablets, etc.) along with a multi-vitamin and mineral supplement are recommended daily
- Wheat, gluten or dairy product quantities are not restricted
In 2012, the Cochrane Collaboration conducted a systematic review into dietary therapies for multiple sclerosis and was "not able to confirm the positive results claimed" for the Swank diet because his work was methodologically unsound.
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