Swanland

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For other uses, see Swanland (disambiguation).
Swanland
Swanland Village.jpg
Swanland Village
Swanland is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Swanland
Swanland
 Swanland shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 3,802 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference SE996281
Civil parish Swanland
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORTH FERRIBY
Postcode district HU14
Dialling code 01482
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Haltemprice and Howden
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°44′24″N 0°29′26″W / 53.739903°N 0.490498°W / 53.739903; -0.490498

Swanland is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire in England. The village is about 7 miles (11 km) to the west of Kingston upon Hull city centre and 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the Humber Estuary in the foothills of the Yorkshire Wolds on the B1231 road.


Geography[edit]

Farmland east of the village (2010)

The village of Swanland is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) to the west of the center of Kingston upon Hull on the eastern fringes of the Yorkshire Wolds. The village is distinct from other settlements in the area, separated by fields: to the east are the townships of West Ella, Willerby and Anlaby; to the southeast Hessle and to the southwest North Ferriby.[2]

The civil parish of Swanland is surrounded by the parishes of North Ferriby, Welton, Skidby, Kirk Ella and West Ella, and Hessle to the south, west, north, northeast and east respectively, with the A63 road forming part of the southern boundary, Melton Bottom road the western boundary, and the A164 approximating to the eastern boundary.[2] The parish is between around 50 and 90 metres (160 and 300 ft) above sea level, with a peak of 92 metres (302 ft) on the western outskirts of the village, close to the location of a water tower.[2]

Swanland is the location of fine views of the surrounding countryside,[3] particularly across the Humber estuary, as has been noted historically.[4]

According to the 2011 UK census, Swanland parish had a population of 3,802,[1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 3,688.[5]

The village[edit]

Swanland village forms a significant part of the civil parish, and is the only place of note within the parish. Near the center of the village are a pond, as well as library (East Riding Council operated.[6]) , school (Swanland Primary School.[7]) and public house.[2] Swanland has a village hall, operating as a registered charity.[8] The B1231 road passes through the village.[2]

There are two main churches in the village: St. Barnabas is a Church of England church;[9] and Christ Church, also known as 'The Church by the Pond', is a Methodist / United Reformed Church.[10]

History[edit]

There is evidence of human activity and habitation in the area around Swanland dating to the British Iron Age/Roman Britain period.[11][12]

Swanland is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey,[13] though a chapel existed in the medieval period, in the 12th century or earlier,[14] and a Hall, is though to have been sited at Swanland from at least the 13th century, when it was the residence of Eustace de Vesci.[15] In the later medieval period (16th) the Hall was the residence fo the Haldenby family.[16] By the late 18th century the Hall was no longer extant.[4]

Swanland House (2010)

During the 18th and 19th Swanland, together with other villages west of Hull became a popular place for wealthy residents of Hull to relocate to; in Swanland large houses included Swanland Hall (built after 1740), Braffords Hall (built after 1778), Swanland House (b.1796, rebuilt c.1860), and Swanland Manor (built 1848, demolished 1935).[17][18]

The Congregationalist church, 'Christ Church' was built in 1804,[19] with porches added in the 1840s, and a Primitive Methodist chapel built in 1828.[20] In 1831 Swanland had a population of 418.[21] At the mid 19th century Swanland was essentially a linear settlement along the east-west Mill Lane/Main Street, with the larger halls and manor houses set back from the road in the surrounding land. Outside the village the landscape was rural, enclosed fields, with small scale chalk extraction from pits.[22]

A school was built 1876, next to the pond.[23] The church of St. Barnabas was built in 1899,[23] established as a "mission room" for the parish of All Saints' North Ferriby.[citation needed]

Swanland Water Tower, built 1931

In 1920 an institute (later Swanland library) was built, funded by Sir James Reckitt.[23] During the 1920s and 30s the village expanded again as a commuter village.[24] Electricity was first supplied to the village in 1929 (with street lighting installed 1954).[25] A large 200,000 imperial gallons (910 m3) circular concrete water tower was built in 1931 by Hull Corporation,[17] replacing an earlier tower built in the 1890s.[24]

Outside the village a large chalk pit was dug in the mid 20th century in the southeast corner of the parish. (Humberfield Quarry, disused by the 1980s and subsequently filled in.)[26][27]

Initial post war housing development consisted of prefabs.[28] Further house building took place in the 1960s, 70s, 80s, and 90s.[17][29] The population rose steadily from 1212 in 1951 to around 4000 in 1998.[24]

In 1992 a new St. Barnabas church and hall was built to replace the 1899 church.[23] Swanland became a separate ecclesiastical parish in 1995.[citation needed]

Swanland village pond (2009) 
Swanland School, 1876, now village hall (2009) 
'Christ Church' chapel, 1804 (2008) 
Post WW2 housing in Swanland (2007) 

See also[edit]

  • Swanland is twinned with the village of Lestrem in Northern France.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Swanland CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Ordnance Survey 1:25000 2006
  3. ^ Swanland CAA 2006, p. 3.
  4. ^ a b Tickell, John (1798), The History of the Town and County of Kingston Upon Hull,: From Its Foundation in the Reign of Edward the First to the Present Time, Notes, pp.883-4 
  5. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Swanland CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 
  6. ^ Swanland Library, East Riding Council, retrieved 2014 
  7. ^ "Swanland Primary School Academy Trust", www.swanlandschool.co.uk, retrieved 2014 
  8. ^ "Swanland Village Hall", www.swanlandvillagehall.info, retrieved 2014 
  9. ^ "St Barnabas Church, Swanland", www.stbchurch.org.uk, retrieved 2014 
  10. ^ "Christ Church Swanland", christchurchswanland.btck.co.uk, retrieved 2014 
  11. ^ Fragmentary Iron Age/Roman field boundaries (1556876). PastScape. English Heritage.
  12. ^ Boundaries and enclosures of Roman date (1374662). PastScape. English Heritage.
  13. ^ Darby, H. C.; Versey, G. R. (2008) [1975], Domesday Gazetter, p. 480 
  14. ^ Site of chapel (63893). PastScape. English Heritage.
  15. ^ Hall (site of) (63894). PastScape. English Heritage.
  16. ^ Allen 1831, p. 107-8.
  17. ^ a b c Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 718.
  18. ^ Allison, K.J. (1981), 'Hull Gent Seeks Country Residence', 1750-1850, East Yorkshire Local History Society, pp. 42–3 
  19. ^ Congregational Chapel, screen walls and Sunday schools (1504996). PastScape. English Heritage.
  20. ^ Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 717-8.
  21. ^ Allen 1831, p. 108.
  22. ^ Ordnance Survey Sheet 239 1852
  23. ^ a b c d Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 717.
  24. ^ a b c Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, pp. 75-77.
  25. ^ Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, p. 83.
  26. ^ A post medieval/20th-century chalk pit (1556856). PastScape. English Heritage.
  27. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:10560/10000 1956, 1968, 1971-80, 1982-8
  28. ^ Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, p. 103.
  29. ^ Brooks, Dalby & Holmes 2003, pp. 103-104.
  30. ^ Riley, Brendan. "Swanland - Lestrem Twinning Group". www.swanland.info. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 

Sources[edit]

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]