Swarkestone

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Swarkestone
Swarkestone is located in Derbyshire
Swarkestone
Swarkestone
 Swarkestone shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK372286
District South Derbyshire
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DERBY
Postcode district DE73
Dialling code 01332
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament South Derbyshire
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 52°51′11″N 1°27′04″W / 52.853°N 1.451°W / 52.853; -1.451

Swarkestone is a village and civil parish in Derbyshire, England.

Swarkestone has a very old village church, a full cricket pitch, the Crewe and Harpur pub, a canal with locks, moorings and canalside tea-rooms. It was mentioned twice in Domesday as Sorchestun or Suerchestune, when it was worth twenty shillings.[1]

Swarkstone Bridge[edit]

Swarkestone Bridge
Main article: Swarkestone Bridge

The ancient bridge at Swarkestone crosses the River Trent about 6 miles south of Derby and was for about 300 years the Midlands' main crossing of the Trent: The only crossing between Burton Upon Trent and Nottingham.[2] It is currently Grade I Listed and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

History[edit]

Swarkestone bridge was built in the 13th century to cross the river and its surrounding marshes, between the villages of Swarkstone and Stanton by Bridge.[3] It was financed by the two 'Bellamont sisters. Both had become engaged and were to throw a joint celebration; their fiance's, however, had to meet with the local barons on the far side of the river.[2] Following a storm the Trent became swollen; eager to return to their brides-to-be and their party, the men tried to ford the river on horseback: both were swept away and drowned.[2] The Bellamont sisters commissioned the bridge so that no one else would suffer the tragedy they had.[2] Neither sister married and both died in poverty having exhausted their fortune on building the bridge.[2]

Swarkstone bridge is three quarters of a mile long[3] and has 17 arches. It is the longest stone bridge in England, and the longest inland bridge in England.

In 1745, Swarkstone Bridge was the furthest point South Bonny Prince Charlie, and his troops, got in his attempt to reclaim the British Throne.

According to Pevsner, the present part actually crossing the river, which has 5 arches, dates from the 18th century and was designed by Thomas Harrison.[4] Substantial work was carried out in 1795–1797 by Thomas Sykes, County Surveyor of Bridges for Derbyshire, at a cost of £3,550.

The Bridge Today[edit]

The bridge is undersized for modern traffic and is scarcely two-lane for cars at several points. Though there is a weight limit of 7.5 tonnes, the walls of the bridge often take damage from traffic.

Local Legends[edit]

The bridge is subject to several local legends. It is supposed to be haunted by the ghosts of the two Bellamont Sisters that constructed the bridge.[2] Others have alleged the bridge is haunted by Bonny Prince Charlie's troops.[2]
The most commonly reported phenomena is the sound of horses approaching at speed when there is nothing about.[2]

The bridge is also subject to a local legend which says that the river must claim 3 lives every year in order for it to be 'pacified'.[2] The bridge is a local accident black-spot, with 15 reported road-traffic accidents between 2008 and 2010.[5]

History[edit]

Evidence of the Beaker people living near Swarkestone was discovered in the 1950s. At that time it was estimated that people had lived near Swarkestone for at least 3,800 years.[6] The only surviving Bronze Age barrow cemetery in the Trent valley is at Swarkestone Lows near the A50. The barrow is a registered national monument.[7]

In the Domesday Book, Swarkestone was held by the King (William the conqueror) and by Henry de Ferrers.[1]

In the Battle of Swarkestone Bridge during the English Civil War (1643) it was defended by the Royalists against the Parliamentarians, but the outnumbered Cavaliers lost the day.

In 1745 during the Jacobite Rebellion led by Bonnie Prince Charlie, the advance party of his army reached here to gain control of the crossing of the Trent. Finding no reports of support from the south, they turned back to Derby; the invading army then retreated to Scotland and final defeat at the Battle of Culloden. Swarkestone thereby being the most southerly point reached during that army's advance on London.

Sport[edit]

Swarkestone cricket club has gained quite a reputation in recent years. After gaining promotion to the Derbyshire Premier Cricket League in 2011, they finished 2nd in the subsequent year and won the Premier League in the 2013 season, thus becoming the top league team in Derbyshire.

The Pavilion[edit]

Swarkestone Pavilion

Nearby is the Jacobean grandstand called Swarkestone Hall Pavilion and walled area, formerly connected with Harpur Hall, where (it is believed, see Pevsner, loc. cit.), they used to bait bulls. The pavilion is attributed to John Smythson who also designed Bolsover Castle, and is Grade I Listed.[8] It was repaired and is now owned by the Landmark Trust who maintain it and rent it out to holidaymakers.

Images[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

The chain ferry at Twyford was the next crossing north of the Swarkestone Bridge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.742 & 749
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wadd, Barbara (2007). More Ghost Walks in Derbyshire. Wiltshire: Cromwell Press. ISBN 978-1-85983-556-2. 
  3. ^ a b Swarkestone Bridge and Causeway, English Heritage, retrieved 7 September 2014
  4. ^ Pevsner N, The Buildings of England . Derbyshire 2nd edition revised (1978) by Elizabeth Williamson, Penguin Books. 'Swarkeston', p.337
  5. ^ A CAR that caused a fatal crash on Swarkestone Bridge should not have been on the road, according to a police vehicle examiner. | This is Derbyshire
  6. ^ Beaker Folk site found in Britain New York Times December 1956
  7. ^ Lows Barrow, English Heritage, retrieved 7 September 2014
  8. ^ Landmark Trust - Swarkestone Pavilion
  9. ^ Thomas Bancroft in the Dictionary of National Biography

External links[edit]