|First appearance||Champions #14 (July 1977)|
|Created by||Bill Mantlo and John Byrne|
|Alter ego||Fritz von Meyer|
|Abilities||Capable of mentally manipulating the bees that compose his body
Swarm (Fritz von Meyer) is a fictional character. A supervillain and former Nazi sympathizer, he is an enemy of Spider-Man in the Marvel Comics universe. His most notable, and only, physical feature is that his entire body is composed of bees.
|This section requires expansion. (December 2012)|
Fictional character biography
Fritz von Meyer was born in Leipzig, Germany and became one of Hitler's top scientists. Escaping capture after World War II, he became a beekeeper or apiarist in South America, and discovered a colony of mutated bees. Intrigued by their intelligence and passive nature, von Meyer attempted to enslave the queen bee, but failed and the bees devoured him, leaving only his skeleton. The unique qualities of the bees caused his consciousness to be absorbed into them, allowing von Meyer to manipulate the hive to do his will, although some of his skeletal remains are inside the swarm itself. His consciousness merged with the swarm to the extent that they become one being.
After that defeat, Swarm resurfaced to battle Spider-Man, in the first of many fights against him, Spider-Man prevailing against him by dosing his costume in a new type of Raid that hurt the bees if they got too close to him. Swarm lost his/their skeleton in this battle, but returned to fight again (no longer having the skeleton but still possessing von Meyer's consciousness), first teaming with Kraven the Hunter against Iceman and Firestar, then against Spider-Man, but feedback from a weapon fired by the Rhino caused Swarm's bee body to disperse temporarily.
Swarm next appeared when a Super-Collider from Rand Industries was activated and called his/their attention. Swarm decided mankind should be exterminated so insects can rule the world. Doctor Druid convinced Swarm that mankind will exterminate themselves and the age of insects can begin.
Eventually however, Swarm tired of waiting and, after a psychic wave generated by Onslaught disrupted the psychic field that bound him and his bees together, returned to New York, forcing a group of scientists investigating energy fields to help him not only restore his original field, but expand it to grant him control of every bee on Earth. As New York was invaded by bees, Spider-Man tracked the bees to their destination and — taking advantage of the fact that the swarms' instinctive memory of Peter's use of Raid caused them to automatically flinch away from him — infiltrated the building and contacted the scientists. By claiming that the scientists' equipment was having trouble broadcasting a sufficiently powerful signal through the dome of bees, Spider-Man was able to trick Swarm into allowing him to construct a device designed to negate the vibrational frequency that the bees created to allow themselves to fly. With the bees now grounded, Spider-Man subsequently recovered the Queen of Swarm's hive and left her in the care of the authorities, reasoning that without her Swarm wouldn't be a future threat.
Swarm (now back with an internal skeleton) felt that the fall of the criminal organization called Pride allowed access to their former territory, specifically Los Angeles. However, he/they are defeated by the Runaways, protectors of the city, when his/their body of bees' mental link is disrupted by electrical blasts.
He/they regained control over his colony and joins the Chameleon's Exterminators  to kill Spider-Man, now that Peter Parker had revealed his true identity. Swarm attacked Mary Jane Watson who sprayed Swarm with water while a co-worker smashed Swarm's skeleton, but the bees reformed around it as bodyguards from Tony Stark take him/them away.
Swarm next turned up in Denver, Colorado, having amassed enough bees to become giant-sized. The Thunderbolts face him/them unsuccessfully until Norman Osborn dispatched Venom who devoured Swarm's bones. Osborn speculated this was, by now, a minor inconvenience that should not prevent Swarm's return.
Next, Swarm turned up in Buenos Aires having his intelligence again. He fought the Mighty Avengers by creating 'avatars' made of bees. Notably, the Avengers roster included Wasp, Stature and Amadeus Cho (wearing a copy of the Ant-Man helmet). Stature placed an inhibitor collar on the queen bees which caused Swarm's intelligence to somehow disperse.
Powers and abilities
Swarm is a composite being of hundreds of thousands of bees driven by a human intelligence. He is technically intangible, as his body is merely an aggregate of tiny forms. He can fly through the air and assume any shape and size he desires. Fritz can mentally influence the actions of other bees, the full range of which may extend over hundreds of yards in radius. At first, Swarm seemed capable of only controlling other bees, but he has exhibited the ability to communicate/control other insects as well.
Fritz von Meyer's skeleton, the focal point of his consciousness, remained behind as his only remains until they were devoured by Venom.
Marvel Fairy Tales
Swarm recently appeared and fought Spider-Man in Marvel Adventures #38. He/they supposedly wanted to take over the world (or at least kill a few jocks, including Flash Thompson), but it looked like he/they just wanted some ice cream.
This version is initially introduced as the Syrian mutant Insect Queen. She has the power to control insects, and is fully corporeal but has grey skin and horns that resembles the sorceress Margali Szardos. She is a member of the Liberators who invade the United States, killing many in order to put a stop to perceived American aggression. Like most of her teammates, she was apparently killed when a giant-sized Wasp steps on her.
However, the character is later rebuilt under the codename Red-Wasp with an obedience chip and now serves as a member of the Avengers (led by Gregory Stark and General Nick Fury). During a flashback that reveals that the Red Skull had once attacked a Georgian activist's family, the couple's child at gunpoint which forced Petra to kill her husband to save her child. She does so, only for Red Skull to throw her infant out a window then has her raped by his henchmen. After Red Skull is defeating by Captain America and Hawkeye and is dying in a hospital, Red Wasp walks in dressed as nurse and shoots the villain in the head out of revenge. Petra continues to serve with the Avengers. During the vampire threat, she confides with her ex-Liberator teammate Perun that's also added to the Avengers.
In other media
- Swarm appears in the Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends episode "Swarm", voiced by Al Fann. This version is created when alien energy from a fallen meteorite irradiated a nearby beehive, giving it sentience and the ability to use eye blasts to increase the size of bees and their hive or mutate people into bee drone hybrids. Swarm is defeated when Spider-Man (immune to the mutation due to his pre-existing bug traits), Firestar and Iceman launch the meteorite back into space. Distancing the bees and hybrids from the meteor's radiation reverses all of Swarm's effects.
- Swarm appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series, voiced by Eric Bauza in "Swarm", and by Drake Bell in "Sandman Returns". This version is Michael Tan, a disgruntled employee of Stark Industries that develops a swarm of self-replicating nanobots. In the episode "Swarm", his projects were turned down by Iron Man and ended up fired. Michael activates his device and scatters his molecules vowing that Iron Man will regret this. Michael ends up assuming his 'Swarm' form where he had replicated the Spider-Tracer that Spider-Man was perfecting into attacking Iron Man and Spider-Man. Iron Man and Spider-Man eventually finds out that Michael is now Swarm. Iron Man contained parts of his different armors to help Spider-Man defeat Swarm as they wonder how to get Michael out of the Spider-Tracers. Swarm then splits into two to attack Spider-Man and Iron Man until he combines again. Spider-Man uses his Spider-Tracer's interface in order to amplify the frequency with the Arc Reactor as he is thrown into Swarm by Iron Man. Upon the frequency being activated, Swarm is neutralized as Iron Man has confiscated the Spider-Tracers in order to put Michael back together again. In the episode "Sandman Returns", Swarm attacks a S.H.I.E.L.D. facility to obtain the technology inside and ends up fighting Spider-Man and Sandman. Swarm then targets Sandman's containment suit forcing Spider-Man to get the containment suit off him. Sandman then pummels Swarm into submission until Spider-Man gets him to stop.
- An action figure of Swarm was released in 1997 as part of the Spider-Man: Spider Force toy line. It was molded in a translucent yellow plastic, and featured a removable cape and hood, and snap-on bee armor. This armor could also be assembled to create a "giant" bee accessory.
- Swarm features as a member of the Sinister Six in the Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark, played by Gerald Avery.
- Exterminators (Spider-Man foes)
- Champions #14–15 (1977)
- Spectacular Spider-Man #36–37
- Spider-Man Family Amazing Friends #1
- Lethal Foes of Spider-Man #3–4
- Secret Defenders #18
- Secret Defenders #19
- Sensational Spider-Man #9–10
- Runaways vol. 2 #7
- The Punisher War Journal vol. 2 #15
- Thunderbolts #122
- Mighty Avengers #24
- Wolverine and the X-Men #18
- C. B. Cebulski (w), Niko Hendrichon (p), Niko Hendrichon (i). "Once Upon A Time..." Marvel Fairy Tales 2 (August 2007), Marvel Comics
- Ultimate Avengers #5
- The Ultimates vol. 2 #12
- Ultimate Avengers #6
- Ultimate Comics: Avengers 3 #5
- Goldman, Eric (20 April 2012). "Ultimate Spider-Man: Make Way for Iron Man!". IGN.com. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- Swarm at Marvel.com