Swedesboro, New Jersey

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Swedesboro, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Swedesboro
Map of Swedesboro highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of Swedesboro highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Swedesboro, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Swedesboro, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°44′45″N 75°18′39″W / 39.745884°N 75.310947°W / 39.745884; -75.310947Coordinates: 39°44′45″N 75°18′39″W / 39.745884°N 75.310947°W / 39.745884; -75.310947[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated April 9, 1902
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Thomas W. Fromm (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Tanya Goodwin[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.758 sq mi (1.964 km2)
 • Land 0.724 sq mi (1.876 km2)
 • Water 0.034 sq mi (0.088 km2)  4.49%
Area rank 526th of 566 in state
24th of 24 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 46 ft (14 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,584
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 2,630
 • Rank 467th of 566 in state
22nd of 24 in county[11]
 • Density 3,568.4/sq mi (1,377.8/km2)
 • Density rank 181st of 566 in state
4th of 24 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08085[12][13]
Area code(s) 856 Exchanges: 241, 467[14]
FIPS code 3401571850[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885415[17][2]
Website www.historicswedesboro.com

Swedesboro is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,584,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 529 (+25.7%) from the 2,055 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 31 (+1.5%) from the 2,024 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Swedesboro was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 9, 1902, from portions of Woolwich Township.[19]

History[edit]

Tomato shipping in yard at Swedesboro, 1912

Swedesboro was settled as part of New Sweden in the mid-1600s. The early Swedes and Finns were fishermen, hunters and farmers.

The English Colonial government needed a road between the communities of Burlingtown and Salem, so they built the Kings Highway in 1691 which opened the southern portion of Gloucester County to more settlers, who were drawn to the area by the fertile sandy soil, prime farmland and vast tracts of oak, birch, maple and pine trees. Originally, the community was called Raccoon, until the name was changed to Swedesboro in 1765.[20]

Through the late 1800s, Raccoon Creek was a water route that was naturally deep enough to transport wood and farming projects to Philadelphia by the Delaware River.

Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden, visited the borough as part of a 1976 tour of the United States.[20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Swedesboro borough had a total area of 0.758 square miles (1.964 km2), of which, 0.724 square miles (1.876 km2) of it is land and 0.034 square miles (0.088 km2) of it (4.49%) is water.[1][2]

Swedesboro is an independent municipality surrounded on all sides by Woolwich Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,477
1920 1,838 24.4%
1930 2,123 15.5%
1940 2,268 6.8%
1950 2,459 8.4%
1960 2,449 −0.4%
1970 2,287 −6.6%
1980 2,031 −11.2%
1990 2,024 −0.3%
2000 2,055 1.5%
2010 2,584 25.7%
Est. 2013 2,630 [10][21] 1.8%
Population sources: 1910-2000[22]
1910-1920[23] 1910[24]
1910-1930[25] 1930-1990[26]
2000[27][28] 2010[7][8][9]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,584 people, 938 households, and 645.3 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,568.4 per square mile (1,377.8/km2). There were 1,004 housing units at an average density of 1,386.5 per square mile (535.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 69.81% (1,804) White, 15.02% (388) Black or African American, 0.58% (15) Native American, 1.35% (35) Asian, 0.08% (2) Pacific Islander, 9.48% (245) from other races, and 3.68% (95) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 17.07% (441) of the population.[7]

There were 938 households, of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27.[7]

In the borough, 27.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $65,085 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,111) and the median family income was $70,050 (+/- $7,451). Males had a median income of $47,974 (+/- $4,268) versus $43,721 (+/- $3,157) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,623 (+/- $2,395). About 9.1% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.[29]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 2,055 people, 771 households, and 528 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,830.8 people per square mile (1,086.9/km2). There were 860 housing units at an average density of 1,184.7 per square mile (454.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 76.93% White, 16.50% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 3.36% from other races, and 2.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.52% of the population.[27][28]

There were 771 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.22.[27][28]

In the borough the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the borough was $49,286, and the median income for a family was $58,721. Males had a median income of $41,346 versus $33,125 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,857. About 7.8% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.[27][28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Swedesboro is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Swedesboro, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[30]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Swedesboro is Democrat Thomas W. Fromm, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. The Swedesboro Council consists of Council President George J. Weeks (D, 2013), Salvatore "Sam" Casella (R, 2015), David Flaherty (D, 2014), Joanna Gahrs (R, 2014), Diane Hale (D, 2013) and Patrick Wilbraham (D, 2015).[31][32]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Swedesboro is located in the 2nd Congressional District[33] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][34][35]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[36] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[37][38] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[39][40]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[41] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[42] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[43]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[44] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[45] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[46] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[47] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[48] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[49] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[50][51][52][53] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[54] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[55] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[56][57][52]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,535 registered voters in Swedesboro, of which 471 (30.7%) were registered as Democrats, 311 (20.3%) were registered as Republicans and 751 (48.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[58]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 59.3% of the vote here (625 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 38.1% (402 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (14 votes), among the 1,054 ballots cast by the borough's 1,492 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.6%.[59] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 49.7% of the vote here (448 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 49.4% (445 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (5 votes), among the 901 ballots cast by the borough's 1,301 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 69.3.[60]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 46.1% of the vote here (316 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 41.5% (284 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 9.5% (65 votes) and other candidates with 0.1% (1 votes), among the 685 ballots cast by the borough's 1,507 registered voters, yielding a 45.5% turnout.[61]

Education[edit]

Public school students in Kindergarten through sixth grade attend the Swedesboro-Woolwich School District, a consolidated school district that serves students from both Swedesboro and Woolwich Township. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 1,716 students and 128.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.39:1.[62] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[63]) are Margaret C. Clifford School[64] (Kindergarten; 265 students), Charles C. Stratton School[65] (Grades 1-2; 496 students), Charles G. Harker School[66] (grades 3-5; 720 students) and Walter Hill School[67] (grade 6; 235 students).[68]

For seventh through twelfth grades, public school students are educated by the Kingsway Regional School District. The district serves students from Swedesboro and Woolwich Township along with those from East Greenwich Township and South Harrison Township, with the addition of students from Logan Township who attend as part of a sending/receiving relationship in which tuition is paid on a per-pupil basis by the Logan Township School District.[69][70] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment from the National Center for Education Statistics[71]) are Kingsway Regional Middle School[72] (871 students in grades 7 and 8) and Kingsway Regional High School[73] (1,189; 9-12).[74] Under a 2011 proposal, Kingsway would merge with its member districts to become a full K-12 district, with various options for including Logan Township as part of the consolidated district.[75]

History and landmarks[edit]

Old Swede's Church (Holy Trinity) in Swedesboro, New Jersey

Swedesboro, along with Bridgeport, was one of only two settlements established in New Jersey as a part of the New Sweden colony. The oldest extant log cabin in the United States, the Nothnagle Log Cabin (ca. 1640) was built by Antti Niilonpoika (Anthony Neilson/Nelson) in Swedesboro.[76] It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is Trinity Episcopal "Old Swedes" Church, which was established as a Swedish Lutheran Church in 1703; the present building dates to 1784.[77]

Trinity Church Cemetery is the burial place of Governor of New Jersey Charles C. Stratton and Congressman Benjamin Franklin Howey, among other notable interees.[78]

Swedesboro has been recognized by the National Arbor Day Foundation as a Tree City USA since 2000.[79]

Transportation[edit]

The Swede's Inn

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 10.94 miles (17.61 km) of roadways, of which 7.29 miles (11.73 km) were maintained by the municipality and 3.65 miles (5.87 km) by Gloucester County.[80]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service between Salem and Philadelphia on the 401 route.[81][82]

The Salem Branch, a freight rail line, changes ownership at Swedesboro. The southern portion to the Port of Salem is owned by Salem County and operated by the Southern Railroad of New Jersey and interchanges with Conrail's South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets Area operations which travels north to Pavonia Yard at Camden.[citation needed]

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Swedesboro include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Borough Clerk's Office, Borough of Swedesboro. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Swedesboro, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Swedesboro borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Swedesboro borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 8, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Swedesboro, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Swedesboro, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 8, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 140. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Burns, John F. "Town Prepares For a Royal Visit; Swedesboro Is Preparing For a Royal Visit on April 8", The New York Times, February 29, 1976. Accessed July 29, 2013. "Communications enthusiasts that they are, the young Landwehrs are evidently not tuned in to the talk of Swedesboro, which is alive these days with discussion of the forthcoming visit of Carl XVI Gustaf, the 29-year-old bachelor who is King of Sweden.... Known to its founders as Raccoon, Swedesboro had its beginnings in a cluster of log cabins that the first Swedish settlers in America built only 20 years after the first Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock."
  21. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. "Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  23. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 29, 2013.
  24. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Swedesboro borough, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 21, 2013.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Swedesboro borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 21, 2013.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Swedesboro borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  30. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  31. ^ Borough Council, Borough of Swedesboro. Accessed October 6, 2014. As of date accessed, Hale and Weeks are listed with 2013 term-end dates.
  32. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Swedesboro. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  33. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  37. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  38. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  39. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  40. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  41. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  42. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  45. ^ Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  46. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  47. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  48. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  49. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  50. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  51. ^ Board of Freeholders, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
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  54. ^ James N. Hogan, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  55. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  56. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  57. ^ Row Officers, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  58. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  59. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 6, 2012.
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  61. ^ 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  62. ^ District information for Swedesboro-Woolwich School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  63. ^ Data for the Swedesboro-Woolwich School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  64. ^ Margaret C. Clifford School, Swedesboro-Woolwich School District. Accessed July 29, 2013.
  65. ^ Charles C. Stratton School, Swedesboro-Woolwich School District. Accessed July 29, 2013.
  66. ^ Charles G. Harker School, Swedesboro-Woolwich School District. Accessed July 29, 2013.
  67. ^ Walter Hill School, Swedesboro-Woolwich School District. Accessed July 29, 2013.
  68. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Swedesboro-Woolwich School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 29, 2013.
  69. ^ Kingsway Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 6, 2014. "Kingsway is situated in predominately rural/suburban areas, with more than 20,000 people residing within its 52 square mile border. The District includes the Borough of Swedesboro and the Townships of South Harrison, East Greenwich, and Woolwich. Though not part of the District, students from Logan Township attend Kingsway High School through a send/receive relationship as paid tuition students."
  70. ^ School Profile, Kingsway Regional School District. Accessed October 6, 2014. "The District includes Swedesboro and the Townships of South Harrison, East Greenwich and Woolwich. Though not part of the District, students from Logan Township attend Kingsway High School through a send/receive relationship as paid tuition students."
  71. ^ School Data for Kingsway Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  72. ^ Kingsway Regional Middle School, Kingsway Regional School District. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  73. ^ Kingsway Regional High School, Kingsway Regional School District. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  74. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Kingsway Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 4, 2013.
  75. ^ Forand, Rebecca. "Kingsway districts may see change", Gloucester County Times, April 7, 2011. Accessed October 6, 2014. "A study is being planned to evaluate the fiscal feasibility of the regionalization of the school districts associated with the Kingsway Regional district, and the impact of continuing or severing the current relationship the district has with Logan Township. Woolwich township, Swedesboro, East Greenwich Township and South Harrison Township all currently feed their elementary students to the Kingsway Regional district for middle and high school, with Logan Township sending students to the high school on a tuition basis. The study will address the fiscal feasibility of regionalizing Kingsway, East Greenwich, South Harrison and Swedesboro-Woolwich."
  76. ^ Staff. "Log cabin in Greenwich may be oldest in country", Courier-Post, February 23, 2000. Accessed January 26, 2012. "The Nothnagle log cabin in Greenwich, Gloucester County, is believed to be the oldest log cabin in the United States."
  77. ^ NEW JERSEY - Gloucester County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed January 26, 2012.
  78. ^ “The Swedes and Finns in New Jersey” (Federal Writers' Project of WPA. Bayonne, New Jersey: Jersey Printing Company, Inc. 1938)
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  82. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed October 6, 2014.
  83. ^ Dorien Bryant, CSTV. Accessed January 6, 2008.
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  85. ^ Answers.com - William Nicholson Jeffers. Accessed July 15, 2008.
  86. ^ R.J. Page, CSTV. Accessed March 8, 2011.
  87. ^ Stratton House, Swedesboro, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey Art & Architecture of New Jersey. Accessed August 25, 2013. "Located in Swedesboro, New Jersey, Stratton House (also known as Stratton Hall) was built in 1794 by its original owner Dr. James Stratton, M.D.... Charles C. Stratton, a graduate of Rutgers College, a member of the State General Assembly, a Congressman from 1837-1839 and 1841-1843, and New Jersey Governor from 1845-1848, called Stratton Hall home until his death on March 30, 1859."

External links[edit]