Swedish Crown

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Portrait of King Władysław IV Vasa in coronation robes (detail), wearing the "Swedish Crown"

The so-called Swedish Crown, also known as the "Purchased Crown", was a part of the Polish Crown Jewels.[1]

History[edit]

The crown was made for King Sigismund II Augustus.[1] After King's death it was pawned to Giovanni Tudesco and later ransomed by King Sigismund III Vasa for 20,000 florins and used for his coronation in Uppsala as the King of Sweden on February 19, 1594.[1]

In 1623 King Sigismund III bequeathed it to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and it was included in the State Treasury at the Wawel Castle after king's death in 1633.[1]

The appearance of the crown was a type of corona clausa, consisting of five larger and five smaller parts (portiones maiores quinque, minores quinque) and 262 precious stones, including 24 emeralds, 64 rubies, 30 sapphires, 21 diamonds and 123 pearls.[1] In the 18th century the crown was depicted in the portrait of Sigismund I the Old by Marcello Bacciarelli, painted to embellish the Marble Room at the Royal Castle in Warsaw.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Michał Rożek (1987). Polskie koronacje i korony (Polish coronations and crowns) (in Polish). p. 82. ISBN 83-03-01914-7. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Jerzy Lileyko. Regalia Polskie. Warszawa 1987. ISBN 83-03-02021-8 (Polish)
  • Janusz Miniewicz. Tajemnica polskich koron. Czy jest szansa ich odnalezienia?. Nowy Sącz 2006. ISBN 83-924034-2-8 (Polish)
  • Michał Rożek. Polskie koronacje i korony. Kraków 1987. ISBN 83-03-01914-7 (Polish)

External links[edit]

Media related to Swedish Crown at Wikimedia Commons