Swedish Hill Historic District (Austin, Texas)

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Swedish Hill Historic District
Swedehill1.jpg
Swedish Hill Historic District (Austin, Texas) is located in Texas
Swedish Hill Historic District (Austin, Texas)
Location Austin, Texas
Coordinates 30°16′30″N 97°43′46″W / 30.27500°N 97.72944°W / 30.27500; -97.72944Coordinates: 30°16′30″N 97°43′46″W / 30.27500°N 97.72944°W / 30.27500; -97.72944
Area 40 acres
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Late Victorian
Governing body State government
MPS East Austin MRA
NRHP Reference # 86001088
Added to NRHP May 12, 1986

The Swedish Hill Historic District is a former Swedish enclave that is now a residential area of downtown Austin, Texas.

Development of this area began in the 1870s when a large number of Swedish immigrants erected homes near their downtown businesses. The first to build his home there was S. A. Lundell; soon thereafter Carl John Swahn built his house there, and many others followed. Eventually some sixty-seven Swedish immigrant families built homes in the vicinity and the neighborhood became known as Svenska Kullen (Swedish Hill)—originally bounded by Waller Street on the east, Red River Street on the west, 15th Street on the south, and 19th Street on the north (today Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard) — known more familiarly as Swede Hill.

These immigrants founded the first Swedish Methodist Church in Texas, and helped to establish Texas Wesleyan College, just north of the present-day University of Texas. Today the community comprises an eclectic mix of students and urban dwellers.[1]

Over time, urban development, most notably the construction of I-35 and the Frank Erwin Center, shrunk the size of the community dramatically. In 1986, what remained was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Description and significance[edit]

Located on lots in the original City of Austin and subdivided and developed earlier than most other parts of East Austin, Swedish Hill was a residential neighborhood occupied by downtown business people and tradesmen. Its significance derives not only from the broad range of architectural styles which is represented in the District, but also from the fact that each building is an excellent example of its own particular style.[3]

Architectural styles which are represented in the District are vernacular versions of the Victorian L plan, T plan, Cumberland plan, late Victorian corner-porch plan, Pyramidal plan, and Bungalow plan. All of the buildings are finely detailed; many display pleasing carpentry ornamentation in the forms of porch columns, balusters, railings, brackets, spindles, and a variety of siding and shingling types.[4]

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shadow Lawn Historical District". Texas Historical Site Atlas. Retrieved Sep 8, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Travis County, Texas". National Register of Historical Places. Retrieved Sep 8, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Swedish Hill History". Swede Hill Neighborhood Association. 2009–2011. Retrieved Sep 8, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Travis County, Texas". National Register of Historical Places. Retrieved Sep 8, 2011.