Swedish Museum of Natural History
The Swedish Museum of Natural History
|Town or city||Stockholm|
|Design and construction|
The Swedish Museum of Natural History (Swedish: Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, literally, the National Museum of Natural History), in Stockholm, is one of two major museums of natural history in Sweden, the other one being located in Gothenburg.
The museum was founded in 1819 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, but goes back to the collections acquired mostly through donations by the Academy since its foundation in 1739. These collections had first been made available to the public in 1786. The Museum was separated from the Academy in 1965.
One of the keepers of the collections of the Academy during its earlier history was Anders Sparrman, a student of Carl Linnaeus and participant in the voyages of Captain James Cook. Another important name in the history of the Museum is the zoologist, paleontologist and archaeologist Sven Nilsson, who brought the previously disorganised zoological collections of the Museum into order during his time as keeper (1828–1831) before returning to Lund as professor.
The present buildings for the museum in Frescati, Stockholm, was designed by the architect Axel Anderberg and completed in 1916, topped with a dome. As of 2014[update] it is the largest museum building in Sweden. The main campus of Stockholm University was later built next to the museum.
- "Naturhistoriska riksmuseet". www.sfv.se. Statens Fastinghetsverk. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Naturhistoriska museet". www.goteborg.com. go:teborg. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Dahlgren, Erik Wilhelm (1915). Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien : Personförteckningar 1739-1915. Uppsala: Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. p. 16.
- Nyberg, Kenneth (2007–2011). "Anders Sparrman". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon National Archives of Sweden (in Swedish). 33 (2007–2011). Stockholm. p. 3.
- Regnéll, Gerhard (1990–1991). "Sven Nilsson". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon National Archives of Sweden (in Swedish). 27 (1990–1991). Stockholm. p. 2.
- "Byggnader inom Frescati". www.su.se. Stockholm University. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Om Cosmonova". www.nrm.se. Swedish Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
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