Swedish National Debt Office
The Swedish National Debt Office (Swedish: Riksgäldskontoret or shortly Riksgälden) founded by the Riksdag of the Estates in 1789, is a Swedish Government agency. The first task of the Debt Office was to finance the War against Russia started by King Gustav III.
The method of raising funds was to issue promisory notes called Riksgälds denominated in Riksdaler which was the Swedish currency at the time. The reason why the funds couldn't be raised through the Riksbank was that its notes had to be backed by Silver (commodity money) to two thirds, while no such restrictions applied for the promissory notes (credit money) issued by the Debt office. This produced a heavy seigniorage induced inflation, where the exchange rate, for the promissory notes against Silver, was 1 to 4 in 1834.
In 1989, after two hundred years as one of the few agencies that reported directly to the Riksdag, the Debt office was reconstituted and is now reporting to the Ministry of Finance and the Government. After 1989 it also assumed the role as the Government internal bank from the Riksbank.
Since January 1, 2008 the Debt office handles the Swedish deposit insurance, which 1996-2007 was handled by a separate governmental agency.
Since 2013 the Swedish National Debt Office is headed by Director General Hans Lindblad, PhD in economics.