Government of Sweden

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Government of Sweden
Sveriges regering
Lilla riksvapnet - Riksarkivet Sverige.png
Role Executive cabinet
Established 1975
Constituting instrument Instrument of Government
Predecessor entities Privy Council
(12th century—1809)
Council of State
(1809—1974)
Cabinet
Members Reinfeldt cabinet
Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt
Deputy to the Prime Minister Jan Björklund
Number of members Twenty-five
Administration
Working
language
Swedish
Staff organization Government Offices
(the ministries are organised as entities within it)
Location Stockholm, Stockholm County, Sweden
Seat Rosenbad (since 1981)

The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sveriges regering) is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority in Sweden. The short-form name Regeringen ("the Government") is used both in the Fundamental Laws of the Realm and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties.

The Government operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister — appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag (following an actual vote in the Riksdag before an appointment can be made) — and other cabinet ministers (Swedish: Statsråd), appointed and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag.[1]

Following the adoption of the 1974 Instrument of Government on 1 January 1975 — the Government in its present constitutional form was constituted — and in consequence thereof the Swedish Monarch is no longer vested any nominal executive powers at all with respect to the governance of the Realm, but continues to serve as a strictly ceremonial head of state.[2]

Role and scope[edit]

Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.

Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.

—The Government governs the Realm. It is accountable to the Riksdag.[1]

The Instrument of Government (Swedish: Regeringsformen) - one of the Fundamental Laws of the Realm - sets out the main responsibilities and duties of the Government (including the Prime Minister and other cabinet ministers) and how it relates to other organs of the State.[1]

Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1.

—The Chancellor of Justice and other State administrative authorities come under the Government, unless they are authorities under the Riksdag according to the present Instrument of Government or by virtue of other law.[1]

Most state administrative authorities (Swedish: statliga förvaltningsmyndigheter), as opposed to local authorities (Swedish: kommuner), sorts under the Government, including the Armed Forces, Coast Guard, Customs Service and the Police Service.

While the Judiciary technically sort under the Government in the fiscal sense, Chapter 11 of the Instrument of Government provides safeguards to ensure its independence.[1]

In a unique feature of the Swedish constitutional system, individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual ministerial responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; as the director-generals and other heads of government agencies reports directly to the Government as a whole; and individual ministers are prohibited to interfere (thus the origin of the pejorative (in Swedish political parlance) term ministerstyre (English: "ministerial rule") in matters that are to be handled by the individual agencies, unless otherwise specifically provided for in law.

High Contracting Party[edit]

Image of the signature blocks with seals of the 2011 Croatia EU Accession Treaty for Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Note that Sweden is the only one of the four not with its head of state as high contracting party.

The Government of Sweden is the high contracting party when entering treaties with foreign sovereign states and international organisations (such as the European Union), as per 10:1 of the Instrument of Government.[1] In most other parliamentary systems (monarchies and republics alike) this formal function is usually vested in the head of state but exercised by ministers in such name.

Promulgation[edit]

Chapter 6, Article 7 prescribes that laws and ordinances are promulgated by the Government (by the Prime Minister or other cabinet minister),[1] and are subsequently published in the Swedish Code of Statutes (Swedish: Svensk författningssamling).[3]

Formation and dismissal[edit]

Following a general election, Speaker of the Riksdag begins to hold talks with the leaders of the parties with representation in the Riksdag, the Speaker then nominates a candidate for Prime Minister (Swedish: Statsminister). The nomination is then put to a vote in the chamber. Unless an absolute majority of the members (175 members) votes "no", the nomination is confirmed, otherwise it is rejected. The Speaker must then find a new nominee. This means the Riksdag can consent to a Prime Minister without casting any "yes" votes.

After being elected the Prime Minister appoints the cabinet ministers and announces them to the Riksdag. The new Government takes office at a special council held at the Royal Palace before the Monarch, at which the Speaker of the Riksdag formally announces to the Monarch that the Riksdag has elected a new Prime Minister and that the Prime Minister has chosen his cabinet ministers.

The Riksdag can cast a vote of no confidence against any single cabinet minister (Swedish: Statsråd), thus forcing a resignation. To succeed a vote of no confidence must be supported by an absolute majority (175 members) or it has failed.

If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister this means the entire government is rejected. A losing government has one week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister starts anew.

Cabinets[edit]

Present Cabinet[edit]

Lilla riksvapnet - Riksarkivet Sverige.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sweden
Foreign relations
Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister,
Head of the Prime Minister's Office
  Fredrik Reinfeldt 6 October 2006 Incumbent Moderate
Deputy Prime Minister   Maud Olofsson 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Centre
  Jan Björklund 5 October 2010 Incumbent Liberal People's
Minister for EU Affairs   Cecilia Malmström 6 October 2006 22 January 2010 Liberal People's
  Birgitta Ohlsson 2 February 2010 Incumbent Liberal People's
Ministry of Justice
Minister for Justice,
Head of the Ministry of Justice
  Beatrice Ask 6 October 2006 Incumbent Moderate
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy   Tobias Billström 6 October 2006 Incumbent Moderate
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Head of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs
  Carl Bildt 6 October 2006 Incumbent Moderate
Minister for Trade   Maria Borelius 6 October 2006 14 October 2006 Moderate
  Sten Tolgfors 24 October 2006 6 September 2007 Moderate
  Ewa Björling 12 September 2007 Incumbent Moderate
Minister for International Development Cooperation   Gunilla Carlsson 6 October 2006 Incumbent Moderate
Ministry of Defence
Minister for Defence,
Head of the Ministry of Defence
  Mikael Odenberg 6 October 2006 5 September 2007 Moderate
  Sten Tolgfors 5 September 2007 29 March 2012 Moderate
  Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd 29 March 2012 18 April 2012 Moderate
  Karin Enström 18 April 2012 Incumbent Moderate
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Minister for Health and Social Affairs,
Head of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
  Göran Hägglund 6 October 2006 Incumbent Christian Democrats
Minister for Elderly and Children Welfare   Maria Larsson 6 October 2006 Incumbent Christian Democrats
Minister for Public Administration and Housing   Stefan Attefall 5 October 2010 Incumbent Christian Democrats
Minister for Social Security   Cristina Husmark Pehrsson 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Moderate
  Ulf Kristersson 5 October 2010 Incumbent Moderate
Ministry of Finance
Minister for Finance,
Head of the Ministry of Finance
  Anders Borg 6 October 2006 Incumbent Moderate
Minister for Financial Markets   Mats Odell 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Christian Democrats
  Peter Norman 5 October 2010 Incumbent Moderate
Ministry of Education and Research
Minister for Education,
Head of the Ministry of Education and Research
  Lars Leijonborg 6 October 2006 12 September 2007 Liberal People's
  Jan Björklund 12 September 2007 Incumbent Liberal People's
Minister for Schools   Jan Björklund 6 October 2006 12 September 2007 Liberal People's
Minister for Higher Education and Research   Lars Leijonborg 12 September 2007 17 June 2009 Liberal People's
  Tobias Krantz 17 June 2009 5 October 2010 Liberal People's
Minister for Gender Equality   Nyamko Sabuni 5 October 2010 Incumbent Liberal People's
Ministry of Agriculture
Minister for Agriculture,
Head of the Ministry of Agriculture
  Eskil Erlandsson 6 October 2006 Incumbent Centre
Ministry of the Environment
Minister for the Environment,
Head of the Ministry of the Environment
  Andreas Carlgren 6 October 2006 29 september 2011 Centre
  Lena Ek 29 september 2011 Incumbent Centre
Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications
Minister for Enterprise,
Head of the Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications
  Maud Olofsson 6 October 2006 29 september 2011 Centre
  Annie Lööf 29 september 2011 Incumbent Centre
Minister of IT and Energy   Anna-Karin Hatt 5 October 2010 Incumbent Centre
Minister for Infrastructure   Åsa Torstensson 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Centre
  Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd 5 October 2010 Incumbent Moderate
Ministry of Integration and Gender Equality
Minister for Integration and Gender Equality,
Head of the Ministry of Integration and Gender Equality
  Nyamko Sabuni 6 October 2006 5 October 2010 Liberal People's
Ministry of Culture
Minister for Culture,
Head of the Ministry of Culture
  Cecilia Stegö Chilò 6 October 2006 16 October 2006 Moderate
  Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth 24 October 2006 Incumbent Moderate
Ministry of Employment
Minister for Employment,
Head of the Ministry of Employment
  Sven Otto Littorin 6 October 2006 7 July 2010 Moderate
  Tobias Billström 7 July 2010 5 October 2010 Moderate
  Hillevi Engström 5 October 2010 Incumbent Moderate
Minister of Integration   Erik Ullenhag 5 October 2010 Incumbent Liberal People's

Former Cabinets[edit]

Each appointment of a new Prime Minister is considered to result in a new cabinet, irrespective if the Prime Minister is reappointed or not. However, there is no automatic resignation following a defeat in a general election, so an election does not always result in a new cabinet.

Government ministries and offices[edit]

Chancellery House (Swedish: Kanslihuset) was the seat of the Government until 1981, and the offices of its predecessors dating back to the days of the Royal Palace fire in 1697.

The Instrument of Government briefly mentions in Chapter 7, Article 1 that there is a staff organization supporting the Government known as the Government Offices. The organizational charter for the Government Offices is found in the ordinance named Förordning (1996:1515) med instruktion för Regeringskansliet. Since the issuance of the beforementiond ordinance in 1996, all the ministries are entities within the Government Offices (headed by the Prime Minister), rather than as separate organisations. Below follows a short summary of the current structure.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "The Instrument of Government (as of 2012)". The Riksdag. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  2. ^ "The Head of State". Government of Sweden. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  3. ^ "Lag (1976:633) om kungörande av lagar och andra författningar" (in Swedish). Notisum. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  4. ^ "Förordning (1996:1515) med instruktion för Regeringskansliet" (in Swedish). Notisum. Retrieved 2014-01-27. 
  5. ^ Government of Sweden

External links[edit]