Swedish Royal Family
|Swedish Royal Family|
The Swedish Royal Family (Swedish: Kungafamiljen) since 1818 has consisted of a number of persons in the Swedish Royal House of Bernadotte, closely related to the King of Sweden. Today those who are recognized by the government are entitled to royal titles and style (manner of address), and perform official engagements and ceremonial duties of state. The extended family of the King (Swedish: kungliga familjen) consists of other close relatives who are not royal and thus do not represent the country officially.
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A Swedish royal family, as closely related to a head of state, has been able to be identified as existent from as early as the 10th century A.D., with more precise detail added during the two or three centuries that followed. An exceptional case is that of Saint Bridget (1303-1373) who outside of Sweden became known as the Princess of Nericia, a title which appears to have been a noble, rather than a royal one, since she was not the daughter of a king. Historically confirmed monarchs are listed officially by the Swedish Royal Court.
Until the 1620s Swedish provinces were granted as territorial appanages to royal princes which, as dukes thereof, they governed semi-autonomously. Beginning during the reign of Gustav III, and as codified in § 34 of the 1772 Instrument of Government, provincial dukedoms have existed in the royal family as nominal non-hereditary titles only, without any inherent property ownership or trust attached to them; although several Swedish royals have maintained a special public connection to, and sometimes a secondary residence in, "his or her duchy".
The son of a Swedish king has usually held the princely title as a royal dynast (such as HRH Prince Bertil of Sweden, Duke of Halland), but on a rare occasion also as a rank of nobility (such as Fursten Prince Frederick William of Hessenstein), or as a courtesy title for an ex-dynast (such as Prins Oscar Bernadotte).
The Swedish Royal Court lists the following persons as members of the Royal Family (Kungafamiljen):
- King Carl XVI Gustaf (born 1946)
- Queen Silvia (the King's wife, born 1943)
- Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland (the King's elder daughter, born 1977)
- Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland (the King's son-in-law, born 1973, husband of Crown Princess Victoria)
- Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (the King's granddaughter, born 2012, daughter of Crown Princess Victoria)
- Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland (the King's only son, born 1979)
- Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland (the King's younger daughter, born 1982), married to Christopher O'Neill (born 1974).
The members of the Swedish Royal House (Kungl. Huset) are the Royal Family (see above) as well as:
The Royal Court lists the following persons as members of the King's extended family (Kungl. Familjen):
- Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler
- Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld, married to Baron Niclas Silfverschiöld
- Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson, married to Consul General Tord Magnuson
- Countess Marianne Bernadotte of Wisborg (widow of Sigvard Bernadotte)
- Countess Gunnila Bernadotte of Wisborg (widow of Carl Johan Bernadotte)
Relationships of current members
- Red-framed persons are deceased.
* Member of the Royal Family (Kungafamiljen)
** Member of the Swedish Royal House (Kungliga Huset)
*** Member of the King's extended family (Kungliga Familjen)
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