Sweet Charity

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This article is about the musical. For the 1969 film, see Sweet Charity (film).
Sweet Charity
Sweet charity 1966 a.JPG
Original Broadway Cast Recording Cover (1966)
Music Cy Coleman
Lyrics Dorothy Fields
Book Neil Simon
Basis Federico Fellini's screenplay for Nights of Cabiria
Productions 1966 Broadway
1967 West End
1969 film
1986 Broadway revival
1997 Melbourne
2005 Broadway revival
2006 US tour
2006 São Paulo
2008 Mexico City
2009 West End
2011 Toronto
2014 Hayes Theatre Co, Sydney
Awards Tony Award for Best Revival

Sweet Charity is a musical with music by Cy Coleman, lyrics by Dorothy Fields and book by Neil Simon. It was directed and choreographed for Broadway by Bob Fosse starring his wife and muse Gwen Verdon alongside John McMartin. It is based on Federico Fellini's screenplay for Nights of Cabiria. However, where Fellini's black-and-white Italian film concerns the romantic ups-and-downs of an ever-hopeful prostitute, in the musical the central character is a dancer-for-hire at a Times Square dance hall. The musical premiered on Broadway in 1966, where it was nominated for 9 Tony Awards, and also ran in the West End as well as having revivals and international productions.

The musical was adapted for the screen in 1969 with Shirley MacLaine as Charity and John McMartin recreating his Broadway role as Oscar Lindquist. Bob Fosse directed and choreographed this film.

Plot[edit]

Act I[edit]

The young woman Charity Hope Valentine is a taxi dancer at a dance hall called the Fandango Ballroom in New York City. With a shoulder bag and a heart tattooed on her left arm, Charity meets her boyfriend Charlie in Central Park. While Charlie silently preens himself, Charity speaks the pick-up lines she imagines him saying, and tells him how handsome he is ("You Should See Yourself"). Charlie then steals her handbag and pushes her into the lake (usually the orchestra pit) before running off. Passers-by discuss the apparent drowning but do nothing, until a young Spaniard finally rescues her. In the Hostess Room of the Fandango Ballroom, Charity tries to convince both herself and the other skeptical taxi dancers that Charlie tried to save her. Nickie, a fellow dancer, tells Charity that her problem is "you run your heart like a hotel — you've always got people checking in and checking out". The manager, Herman, arrives to tell them it is time for work. The hostess dancers proposition the audience in the front room of the Fandango Ballroom ("Big Spender"). Helene and Nickie try to comfort Charity about Charlie's absence ("Charity's Soliloquy").

On the street, after work, Charity gives to every beggar who approaches her until she realizes she has no money. Just then, film star Vittorio Vidal rushes out of the smart Pompeii Club, in pursuit of his beautiful mistress, Ursula. Ursula refuses to go back inside with Vittorio, who promptly takes the only-too-willing Charity instead. Inside the Pompeii Club, the dancers are dancing the latest craze, The Rich Man's Frug. To everyone's astonishment, the famous Vittorio Vidal is accompanied by the unknown Charity. She tries to steer him away from the subject of Ursula. Finally, he wants to dance. Not having eaten since breakfast, Charity faints. There is general agreement amongst the dancers that she needs to be "laid down". Vidal asks "where?", and Charity recovers enough to prompt Vidal with "your apartment!".

Lying down on Vittorio's bed, Charity claims she is no longer hungry. She admits she is a dance hall hostess, putting it down to "the fickle finger of fate" (a favorite expression of hers). Vittorio is struck by her humor and honesty. Starstruck, Charity asks for a signed photograph to prove to the girls she was really in his apartment. While Vittorio fetches props from his old movies for further evidence, Charity remarks on her good fortune ("If My Friends Could See Me Now"). Ursula arrives to apologize for her jealousy; Charity is swiftly bundled into a closet before Vittorio opens the door to Ursula. ("Too Many Tomorrows") While Charity watches from the closet, Vidal and Ursula make love inside his four-poster bed. The following morning, Charity is escorted from the room by a mortified Vidal. In the Hostess Room, the girls are disappointed that Charity failed to get more out of Vittorio. Nickie announces she is not going to remain at this job for the rest of her life, prompting the girls to speculate on alternative careers ("There's Gotta Be Something Better Than This"), but Herman brings them back down to earth. Charity decides to seek some cultural enlightenment from the YMHA on 92nd Street, where she gets stuck in a broken elevator with shy tax accountant Oscar Lindquist. While trying to calm him down, Charity learns that he is not married. She declares, "Oh Oscar... You're gonna be all right." After helping Oscar overcome his claustrophobia ("I'm the Bravest Individual"), the pair are plunged into new panic when the lights stop working.

Act II[edit]

After being trapped in a broken elevator, Oscar and Charity are finally rescued when it starts working again. Oscar invites Charity to go to church with him, to which she hesitantly agrees. As they walk under the Manhattan Bridge to the church, the faint cries of the next person to be stuck in the elevator are heard. The Rhythm of Life Church turns out to be a thin veneer on hippie culture ("The Rhythm of Life"). A police raid breaks up the meeting. Traveling home on the subway, Oscar proposes another date and tries to guess Charity's job, deciding that she works in a bank. Charity lies, saying she works for First National City, Williamsburg Branch. As they part, Oscar kisses her hand, and dubs her Sweet Charity ("Sweet Charity").

After two weeks, Oscar and Charity have continued dating, and she still has not confessed what she actually does for a living. At Coney Island Amusement Park they become trapped again when the Parachute Jump ride breaks. This time, Oscar is the calm one while Charity is scared — scared that she is starting to depend on him. Once again, Charity loses her nerve about telling him what her real job is. As the crowd look on, the couple kiss. On a slow night at the Fandango, Charity loses the opportunity to snare one of the few customers by a new co-worker, Rosie. Disgusted by the whole business, she quits. However, in Times Square, she wonders what the alternative is ("Where Am I Going?"). Sending a telegram to Oscar, she asks to meet him at Barney's Chile Hacienda. She admits that she is a dance hall hostess; he admits he already knows, having followed her one night and watched her dancing. He says he does not care and wants to marry her. Relieved and elated, Charity leaves ("I'm A Brass Band") and packs a suitcase on which is printed 'Almost Married'.

After a farewell party at the Ballroom ("I Love to Cry at Weddings"), Charity and Oscar walk in the park, whereupon Oscar announces that he cannot go through with the wedding, saying he is unable to stop thinking about the "other men". Eventually, he pushes her into the lake and runs off. Emerging from the lake, Charity, speaking directly to the audience, asks "Did you ever have one of those days?". Realizing that unlike Charlie, Oscar has not stolen her bag, she shrugs and reprises her opening dance.

The stage blacks out onto three neon signs, reading "And so she lived … hopefully … ever after".

Musical numbers[edit]

Characters[edit]

  • Charity Hope Valentine, the girl who wanted to be loved. Mezzo- Soprano
  • Oscar Lindquist, a man whom Charity befriends and eventually falls in love with. Baritone
  • Charlie, Charity's boyfriend in the opening of the show, and the name on her tattoo
  • Nickie and Helene, Charity's closest friends who are taxi dancers at the Fandango Ballroom. Altos
  • Herman, the authoritarian owner of the Fandango Ballroom; Charity's boss. Tenor
  • Vittorio Vidal, a famous Italian movie star. Baritone/ Tenor
  • Ursula March, Vittorio's girlfriend
  • Daddy Johann Sebastian Brubeck, the enigmatic leader of the Rhythm of Life Church. Baritone
  • Carmen, a dancer at the Fandango Ballroom who is friends with Nickie, Helene, and Charity
  • Rosie, the new dancer at the Fandango Ballroom. Soprano
  • Suzanne, Frenchie, Betsy, and Elaine, dancers at the Fandango Ballroom

Productions[edit]

Original productions[edit]

After a tryout at Detroit's Fisher Theatre, the musical premiered on Broadway at the Palace Theatre on January 29, 1966 and closed on July 15, 1967 after 608 performances and 10 previews. It was conceived, directed and choreographed by Bob Fosse and starred Gwen Verdon, John McMartin, Helen Gallagher, Thelma Oliver, James Luisi, Arnold Soboloff, and Sharon Ritchie. Scenic and lighting design were by Robert Randolph and costume design was by Irene Sharaff. The production was nominated for 12 Tony Awards, winning for Fosse's choreography.

The musical opened in the West End at the Prince of Wales Theatre in October 1967, running for 476 performances. Juliet Prowse starred, and was succeeded by Gretchen Wyler.[1][2]

1986 Broadway revival[edit]

A revival opened on Broadway at the Minskoff Theatre on April 27, 1986 and closed on March 15, 1987, running for 369 performances and 15 previews. Again directed and choreographed by Fosse, Debbie Allen starred as Charity with Bebe Neuwirth as Nickie and Michael Rupert as Oscar. Fosse's wife Gwen Verdon (the original Charity from 1966), remounted the choreography with Fosse, and taught much of the ensemble numbers to the female chorus. The production won four Tony Awards including the Tony Award, Best Reproduction (Play or Musical). When Allen left the show Ann Reinking took over as Charity.

1998 Benefit concert[edit]

On June 15, 1998, Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS presented an all-star fully staged one-night-only concert at Avery Fisher Hall in Lincoln Center. It starred Chita Rivera, Bebe Neuwirth, Donna McKechnie, Debbie Allen and in her last public stage appearance, Gwen Verdon, all in the shared role of Charity.[3]

1998 London revival[edit]

A West End revival opened on 19 May 1998 and closed on 15 August 1998 at the Victoria Palace Theatre, choreographed by Stephen Mear and starring Bonnie Langford.[4]

2005 Broadway revival[edit]

Christina Applegate starred in another revival of the show, opening on Broadway at the Al Hirschfeld Theatre on May 4, 2005, after a troubled three-city preview tour. The show went into production beginning January 25, 2005 at the Historic Orpheum Theatre in Minneapolis. Audience-attended previews began February 8,[5] with the Opening Night performance held February 17, 2005. The Minneapolis engagement closed on February 20.[6] Applegate broke her foot in Chicago, the second stop on the tour, and was replaced by her understudy, Charlotte d'Amboise. Then, after the final leg of the tour in Boston, the producers announced that the production would not be continuing to Broadway due to lack of interest. However, two days later, the Broadway engagement was on after Applegate convinced the producers to continue. A week into previews, Applegate rejoined the cast, which also included Denis O'Hare and Ernie Sabella.[7] The show was nominated for three Tony Awards including Best Revival of a Musical and Best Actress in a Musical for Applegate. Reportedly, pop icon Britney Spears was asked to replace Applegate when her contract expired, but declined the offer.[8] The musical ended its Broadway run on December 31, 2005, after 279 performances.

A national tour of the 2005 Broadway revival began in September 2006 and ended in August 2007. It starred Molly Ringwald and later Paige Davis as Charity.[9]

2009 London revival[edit]

A revival of the show opened for a limited engagement at London's Menier Chocolate Factory on 21 November 2009 and closed on 7 March 2010. It starred Tamzin Outhwaite as Charity.[10] Outhwaite is reprising the title role in the West End transfer of the successful Chocolate Factory production of the show. Playing at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket the show opened officially on 4 May 2010 after previews began on 23 April.[10] This was the first major production to have the same actor (Mark Umbers) play all three of Charity's love interests: Charlie, Vittorio and Oscar. Similarly, Josefina Gabrielle plays both Nickie and Ursula while Tiffany Graves plays Helene. The production closed at the Theatre Royal Haymarket on 6 November 2010 but will transfer to run until 8 January 2011.[11] The 2011 Olivier Award nominations were announced on Monday 7 January 2011, and this production received three nominations: Best Revival of a Musical, Best Theatre Choreography for Stephen Mear and Best Supporting Actress in a Musical for Josefina Gabrielle.

2011 Toronto production[edit]

The 2010 West End revival was to be played in Toronto in March and April 2011, however, it was later cancelled.[12]

2014 Hayes Theatre Co, Sydney[edit]

The show is currently the first production of the new Hayes Theatre Co in Potts Point, Sydney, Australia. Directed by Dean Bryant, and choreographed by Andrew Hallsworth, it stars Verity Hunt-Ballard as Charity, and Martin Crewes as Charlie, Vittorio and Oscar. It runs until ealry March 2014.[13][14][15]

Other Productions[edit]

1968 Kenley Players.

Starring Janis Paige.

1989 Sweden production

Eva Rydberg starred.

1999 Finnish production. At Turun kaupunginteatteri. Jaana Järvinen starred.

2006 Argentinian production

The production opened at the Teatro Lola Membrives in Buenos Aires, directed by Larry Raven. Florencia Peña starred. The cast includes Nicolás Scarpino; Diego Ramos, Griselda Siciliani, Déborah Turza, Omar Lopardo, Andrea Surdo, Gustavo Monje, Pablo Sultani.

2006 Brazil production

Claudia Raia starred. The cast included Marcelo Médici.

2008 Mexico production

The production opened at the Teatro 1 del Centro Cultural Telmex in Mexico City, directed by Arthur Masella. Lolita Cortés starred. The cast includes Enrique Chi, Mauricio Martínez, María Filippini, Estibalitz Ruiz, Gerardo González, Itatí Cantoral.

2012 Glasgow, Scottish production

Sweet Charity returned for a short run at Eastwood Park Theatre from May 1 to 5, 2012. This production was undertaken by theatrical group Eastwood Entertainers, and starred Katie Hart as Charity Hope Valentine.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1966 Tony Award Best Musical Nominated
Best Composer and Lyricist Cy Coleman and Dorothy Fields Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Gwen Verdon Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical John McMartin Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Helen Gallagher Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Bob Fosse Nominated
Best Choreography Won
Best Scenic Design Robert Randolph Nominated
Best Costume Design Irene Sharaff Nominated

1986 Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1986 Tony Award Best Revival Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Debbie Allen Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Michael Rupert Won
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Bebe Neuwirth Won
Best Costume Design Patricia Zipprodt Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actress in a Musical Debbie Allen Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Michael Rupert Won
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Bebe Neuwirth Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical Bob Fosse Nominated
Outstanding Orchestrations Ralph Burns Nominated

2005 Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2005 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Christina Applegate Nominated
Best Choreography Wayne Cilento Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Christina Applegate Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Denis O'Hare Won
Outstanding Set Design Scott Pask Nominated

2009 London revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2011 Laurence Olivier Award Best Musical Revival Nominated
Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Josefina Gabrielle Nominated
Best Theatre Choreographer Stephen Mear Nominated

Recordings[edit]

There are numerous recordings of the show's score available including:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vallance, Tom."Obituary: Juliet Prowse" The Independent, 16 September 1996
  2. ^ Green, Stanley. Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre, Da Capo Press, 1980, ISBN 0-306-80113-2, p. 409
  3. ^ Willis, John. Theatre World 1998-1999 (Vol. 55), Hal Leonard Corporation, 2002, ISBN 1-55783-432-6, p.6
  4. ^ "Sweet Charity' listing, 1998" Albemarle of London, retrieved 1 July 2010
  5. ^ Simonson, Robert. "Sweet Charity Begins Its Run at Broadway With Feb. 8-20 Minneapolis Tryout" Playbill.com, February 8, 2005
  6. ^ Simonson, Robert. " Sweet Charity Cast Frugs Its Last in Minneapolis Feb. 20; Chicago Next Stop" Playbill.com, February 8, 2005
  7. ^ Simonson, Robert. "Christina Applegate Debuts as Charity in Broadway's Sweet Charity April 18" Playbill.com, April 18, 2005
  8. ^ Simonson, Robert. Will a Spears-Starring Sweet Charity Move to Hilton Theatre? Playbill.com, November 23, 2005
  9. ^ Pincus-Roth, Zachary. "Paige Davis to Replace Ringwald in Sweet Charity Tour" Playbill.com, March 12, 2007
  10. ^ a b Shenton, Mark "Menier Revival of 'Sweet Charity' to Transfer to West End's Theatre Royal, Haymarket" Playbill.com, 19 February 2010
  11. ^ Sweet Charity The Official London Theatre Guide
  12. ^ Sweet Charity. Mirvish Productions, 22 February 2010.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ [3]

External links[edit]