Rosa rubiginosa

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Rosa rubiginosa
Pink Rose2.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rosa
Species: R. rubiginosa
Binomial name
Rosa rubiginosa
L.

Rosa rubiginosa (sweet briar, sweet brier or eglantine;[1] syn. R. eglanteria) is a species of rose native to Europe and western Asia.

It is a dense deciduous shrub 2–3 m high and across, with the stems bearing numerous hooked prickles. The foliage has a strong apple-like fragrance. The leaves are pinnate, 5–9 cm long, with 5–9 rounded to oval leaflets with a serrated margin, and numerous glandular hairs. The flowers are 1.8–3 cm diameter, the five petals being pink with a white base, and the numerous stamens yellow; the flowers are produced in clusters of 2–7 together, from late spring to mid summer. The fruit is a globose to oblong red hip 1–2 cm diameter.

Etymology[edit]

The name eglantine is from Middle English eglentyn, from Old French aiglantin (adj.), from aiglent 'sweetbrier', from Vulgar Latin *aculentus (with the ending of spinulentus 'thorny, prickly'), from Latin aculeus 'prickle', from acus 'needle'. Sweet refers to the sweet, apple fragrance of the leaves, while briar ~ brier refers to it being a thorny bush.[2]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

In addition to its pink flowers, it is valued for its scent, and the hips that form after the flowers and persist well into the winter. Graham Thomas recommends that it should be planted on the south or west side of the garden so that the fragrance will be brought into the garden on warm, moist winds.

The tea made from the hips of this rose is very popular in Europe and elsewhere, where it is considered a healthy way for people to get their daily dose of vitamin C and other nutrients. A cup of rose hip tea will provide the minimum daily adult requirement of vitamin C.[3] During World War II the British relied on rose hips and hops as the sources for their vitamins A and C. It was a common British wartime expression to say that: "We are getting by on our hips and hops."[4]

In Tunisia, natural flower water is produced from its flowers.

In Chile, Spain and Argentina, where it is known as "Rosa Mosqueta", it can be found in the wild around the Andes range and is also cultivated to produce marmalades and cosmetic products.

Invasive species[edit]

  • It is listed as a Category 1 Declared Weed in South Africa. These plants may no longer be planted or propagated, and all trade in their seeds, cuttings or other propagative material is prohibited.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rosa rubiginosa". The Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Vedel, H. & Lange, J. (1960). Trees and bushes. Metheun, London.
  3. ^ "Rose hip tea by Herb Lady" http://yourherbalmedicine.com/blog/tag/rosa-rubiginosa/
  4. ^ Daley, Constance. "Skyline to Shoreline" http://www.skylinetoshoreline.com/hominy.html
  5. ^ Sweet Briar, weeds.org.au, Accessed 2007-01-24
  6. ^ "Plant details - sweet briar". ARC. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Rules for plant pests". Ecan. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Howell, Clayson (May 2008). Consolidated list of environmental weeds in New Zealand. DRDS292. Wellington: Department of Conservation. ISBN 978-0-478-14413-0. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  9. ^ "Sweet briar Rosa rubiginosa - New Zealand Weeds". Massey University. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  10. ^ "Declared Weeds & Alien Invader Plants". South African National Biodiversity Institute. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-40170-2.

External links[edit]