Sweetland, California

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Sweetland
Former settlement
Sweetland is located in California
Sweetland
Sweetland
Location in California
Coordinates: 39°20′34.8″N 121°7′8.4″W / 39.343000°N 121.119000°W / 39.343000; -121.119000Coordinates: 39°20′34.8″N 121°7′8.4″W / 39.343000°N 121.119000°W / 39.343000; -121.119000
Country  United States
State  California
County Nevada County
Elevation[1] 1,857 ft (566 m)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)

Sweetland is a former settlement in Nevada County, California. Located approximately 20 mi (32 km) east of Marysville,[2] It is situated at an elevation of 1,857 ft (566 m) above sea level.[1]

History[edit]

The settlement was named after the Sweetland brothers,[3] including former California State Assemblyman, Henry Pettit Sweetland, who settled here in 1850,[4] and in 1852, ran a trading post in the area.[5]

The Sweetland Mining District was established in 1850. Three years later, it was split into three mining districts, including North San Juan.[6] Sweetland was notable for having the largest tail sluices.[7]

Some of the larger mines included:

  • Manzanita
  • Sweetland Creek Mine
  • Boss Mine

A post office was established in 1857 or 1858, but it closed in 1905.[3][5] In its mining days, it had a population between 200-300 residents.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sweetland, California
  2. ^ Mines register: successor to the Mines handbook and the Copper handbook, describing the non-ferrous metal mining companies in the Western Hemisphere 10 (Digitized Sep 10, 2007 ed.). Mines Publications, Inc. 1911. p. 310. 
  3. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's geographic names: a gazetteer of historic and modern names of the state. Quill Driver Books. p. 565. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  4. ^ "History of Northern California". A memorial and biographical history of northern California, illustrated. Containing a history of this important section of the Pacific coast from the earliest period of its occupancy...and biographical mention of many of its most eminent pioneers and also of prominent citizens of today. Chicago, Lewis Pub. Co. 1891. 
  5. ^ a b Gudde, Erwin G.; Bright, William (2004). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names. University of California Press. p. 381. ISBN 0-520-24217-3. 
  6. ^ Hittell, Theodore Henry (1898). History of California 3. N.J. Stone. p. 260. 
  7. ^ Hittell, John Shertzer (1869). The resources of California: comprising agriculture, mining, geography, climate, &c., and the past and future development of the state (5 ed.). A. Roman and company. p. 295. 
  8. ^ The natural wealth of California: comprising early history; geography, topography, and scenery; climate; agriculture and commercial products; geology, zoology, and botany; mineralogy, mines, and mining processes; manufactures; steamship lines, railroads, and commerce; immigration, population and ... (Digitized Jan 31, 2008 ed.). H.H. Bancroft & Company. 1868. p. 235.