Swietenia macrophylla

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Swietenia macrophylla
Big-leaved Mahogany.jpg
Swietenia macrophylla
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Swietenia
Species: S. nacrophylla
Binomial name
Swietenia macrophylla
King
Historic range of big-leaf mahogany
Historic range of big-leaf mahogany in South America
Current range of big-leaf mahogany
Current range of big-leaf mahogany in South America

Swietenia macrophylla, commonly known as big-leaf mahogany, is a species of plant in the Meliaceae family. It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber, the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis.

The species is also known under other common names, including broad-leaved mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, genuine mahogany, tropical American mahogany, and sky fruit, among others.

Description[edit]

Bark pattern on mahogany tree.
Mahogany seed

Natural range[edit]

Historic distribution of mahogany from Mexico to southeastern Amazonian according to Lamb (1966). From Martinez et al. 2008.
Revised historic distribution of mahogany in South America based on expert surveys. From Martinez et al. 2008.
Historic distribution of mahogany in Mexico and Central America. From Calvo et al. 2000.

Exploitation[edit]

Swietenia macrophylla wood

Also planted in Laos PDR.

Cultivation[edit]

Since the restrictions in logging this tree in its native habitats, it has been introduced into several Asian countries in plantation environments. The mahogany timber grown in these Asian plantations is the major source of international trade in genuine mahogany today. Unlike mahogany sourced from its native locations, plantation mahogany grown in Asia is not restricted in trade. Major Asian countries which grow Swietenia macrophylla are India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Fiji, Philippines, Singapore, and some others with India and Fiji being the major world suppliers.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

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