Swilland

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Swilland
Swilland - geograph.org.uk - 1258051.jpg

Swilland Village
Swilland is located in Suffolk
Swilland
Swilland
 Swilland shown within Suffolk
Population 163 
OS grid reference TM1875052953
   – London 87.7 mi (141.1 km)  
Civil parish Swilland
District Suffolk Coastal
Shire county Suffolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Ipswich
Postcode district IP6
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk

Coordinates: 52°07′52″N 1°11′49″E / 52.131°N 1.197°E / 52.131; 1.197

Swilland is a village and a civil parish in the ancient hundred of Bosmere-and-Claydon, in the Suffolk Coastal District, in the English county of Suffolk. It is north of the large town of Ipswich. Swilland has a church called St Mary.[1] It has a pub called The Moon & Mushroom Inn which has been awarded Suffolk Pub of The Year on two occasions by the Evening Star.[2]

History[edit]

Swilland takes its name from Old English with the meaning of 'Pig land', this is broken down into two parts with 'swīn' meaning a swine and 'land' standing for land or and estate.[3]

Swilland is recorded in the Domesday Book as being a medium sized village located in the Hundred of Claydon, made up of 13 households, consisting of 6 villagers, 6 smallholders and 1 slave. It is recorded that in 1066 the livestock of Swilland consisted of 60 sheep which increased to 1 cob, 8 cattle, 19 pigs and 100 sheep by 1086.[4]

In the 1870s, Swilland was described as:

"SWILLAND, a parish in Bosmere district, Suffolk; 3¾ miles N by E of Westerfield r. station, and 6 N by E of Ipswich. Post town, Ipswich. Acres, 951. Real property, £1,869. Pop., 243. houses, 52. The property is much subdivided."[5]


Demographics[edit]

Total Population of Swilland Civil Parish, Suffolk, as reported by the Census of Population from 1881-2011

In 1801 the population of Swilland was 184 which saw a rise to 237 in 1811 but then a slight decline down 195 in 1821. In 1831 the population increased largely up to 272 in 1831, the population then continuously declined to reach its lowest figure in 1961 of 130.[6] The population since 1961 has gradually risen to 163 in 2011 according to the 2011 census.[7] There are records of the boundaries for Swilland dating back all the way to 1831, between 1831 and 1851 Swilland experienced an area change increasing from 520 acres to 951 acres.[8] This is most likely the reason to the population rise in 1831 as the total area of the parish was almost doubled in size.

In 1881 the occupational structure of Swilland was not very diverse with the top occupations being agricultural with 43 people working in this field and 7 people working and dealing in houses, furniture and decorations and only one person being engaged with a professional occupation.[9] Comparing this to the occupational structure of Swilland today is very different. According to the 2011 census there are 93 people employed between the ages of 16 and 74, of these only 10 of which now are involved in agriculture. 23 people now work in skilled trades occupations, which includes agriculture, but there has been as increase in working professionals of which there is now 18.[10] This is a large increase from the 1 working professional in 1881.

Occupational Structure of Swilland, Suffolk, according to the Census of 1881.
Occupational Structure of Swilland, Suffolk, according to the Census of 2011.

St Mary Church[edit]

St Mary's Church

St Mary's church in Swilland was founded in 1678 and is recorded to have graveyard.[11] Records for church burials are recorded back as far as 1679.[12] The Church of St Mary, Swilland is a grade II* listed building, listed on the 16th of March 1966.[13] The church has a large tower with a lantern spire, this was designed by an Ipswich architect by the name of John Corder. The church also lays claim to a Norman doorway as you enter the porch into the church.[14]

Swilland Mill[edit]

First recorded in Greenwoods country map of 1825, Swilland Mill stood at 51 foot high and was one of the largest post mills in Suffolk. Frederick Buttrum's family owned many large mills in Burgh and Ipswich and is believed to be who Swilland Mill was built for. The Mill changed hands lots of times over the years until it was purchased by Cyril A.Barron in 1920. The use of the windmill was continued until 1936 and was eventually taken down around 1955.[15]

Today Swilland Mill is a luxury self-catering accommodation consisting of 3 properties which can accommodate groups from 4 people to 16 people. The mill has won the Gold award for tourism in 2013.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Phillp's Street Atlas of Suffolk. 2007. p. 83. 
  2. ^ "Historic pubs in Suffolk- The Moon & Mushroom". The Moon & Mushroom Inn. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Key to English Place-names". The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Palmer, Proffesor J.J.N. "Place: Swilland". University of Hull. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870-72). Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton & Co. Retrieved 5 February 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ "GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Swilland CP/AP through time | Population Statistics | Total Population, A Vision of Britain through Time.". Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Swilland (Parish): Key Figuresfor 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Vision of Britain, Swilland CP/AP". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "Swilland CP/AP:1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10: " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties"". A Vision of Britain. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Area: Swilland Parish- Occupation (Minor Groups), 2011 (QS606EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "St Mary, Swilland- Church of England". Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Swilland, Suffolk- Family search". Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Church of St Mary, Swilland- British listed buildings". Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  14. ^ Knott, Simon. "St Mary, Swilland". Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "History Of Swilland Mill- Swilland Mill". Swiland Mill. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "Luxury Self Catering Suffolk- Swilland Mill". Swilland Mill. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 

External links[edit]