Swimming at the 1904 Summer Olympics

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Swimming at the
1904 Summer Olympics
Sample picture of the event (unofficial)
Freestyle
50 yard   men  
100 yard men
220 yard men
440 yard men
880 yard men
1 mile men
Backstroke
100 yard men
Breaststroke
440 yard men
Freestyle relay
4×50 yard men

At the 1904 Summer Olympics, nine swimming events were contested, all for men. The 1904 swimming competition was the only time in Olympic history that racing distances were measured in yards. The competition was held September 4–6, 1904. There was a total of 32 participants from 5 countries competing.

The short sprint, at 50 yards (46 m), made its first Olympic appearance in 1904. The 100 returned after not being contested in 1900. The 1000 metres and 4000 metres were replaced with the much shorter 440 yards (400 m) and 1-mile (1,600 m) events, making the 200 the only freestyle event to be held for the second time in a row.

The 200 metre backstroke was shortened to 100 yards (91 m) and the team swimming event was replaced with a 4×50 yard freestyle relay. The obstacle course and underwater swimming events were eliminated, while breaststroke made its Olympic debut.

Medal table[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 4 2 2 8
2  United States (USA) 3 6 5 14
3  Hungary (HUN) 2 1 1 4
4  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1

Medal summary[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 yard freestyle
details
 Zoltán Halmay
Hungary (HUN)
 Scott Leary
United States (USA)
 Charles Daniels
United States (USA)
100 yard freestyle
details
 Zoltán Halmay
Hungary (HUN)
 Charles Daniels
United States (USA)
 Scott Leary
United States (USA)
220 yard freestyle
details
 Charles Daniels
United States (USA)
 Francis Gailey
United States (USA)[1]
 Emil Rausch
Germany (GER)
440 yard freestyle
details
 Charles Daniels
United States (USA)
 Francis Gailey
United States (USA)[1]
 Otto Wahle
Austria (AUT)
880 yard freestyle
details
 Emil Rausch
Germany (GER)
 Francis Gailey
United States (USA)[1]
 Géza Kiss
Hungary (HUN)
1 mile freestyle
details
 Emil Rausch
Germany (GER)
 Géza Kiss
Hungary (HUN)
 Francis Gailey
United States (USA)[1]
100 yard backstroke
details
 Walter Brack
Germany (GER)
 Georg Hoffmann
Germany (GER)
 Georg Zacharias
Germany (GER)
440 yard breaststroke
details
 Georg Zacharias
Germany (GER)
 Walter Brack
Germany (GER)
 Jam Handy
United States (USA)
4×50 yard freestyle relay
details
 United States (USA)
The New York Athletic Club
Joe Ruddy
Leo Goodwin
Louis Handley
Charles Daniels
 United States (USA)
Chicago Athletic Association
David Hammond
Bill Tuttle
Hugo Goetz
Raymond Thorne
 United States (USA)
Missouri Athletic Club
Amedee Reyburn
Gwynne Evans
Marquard Schwarz
Bill Orthwein

Participating nations[edit]

32 swimmers from 4 nations competed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Francis Gailey was originally assumed to be American, before it was discovered that his nationality was Australian. The International Olympic Committee still credits this medal for the United States, however.
  • "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  • Mallon, Bill (February 1999). The 1904 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, With Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0550-3. 
  • (ed.) James E. Sullivan. Spalding's Athletic Almanac for 1905 (PDF). New York: American Sports Publishing. pp. 229–231. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  • De Wael, Herman (2002-01-11). "Swimming 1904". Herman's Full Olympians. Retrieved 2008-03-19.