Swimming at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke

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Women's 200 metre breaststroke
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
Venue Olympiapark Schwimmstadion Berlin
Date 8 August (heats)
9 August (semifinals)
11 August (final)
Competitors 23 from 12 nations
Winning time 3:03.6
Medalists
Gold medal    Japan
Silver medal    Germany
Bronze medal    Denmark
«1932 1948»
Swimming at the
1936 Summer Olympics
Swimming pictogram.svg
Freestyle
100 m men   women
400 m men   women
1500 m men
Backstroke
100 m men   women
Breaststroke
200 m men   women
Freestyle relay
4×100 m   women
4×200 m men  

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1936 Summer Olympics, took place on August 8–11, at the Olympiapark Schwimmstadion Berlin. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the fourth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 23 competitors from 12 nations participated in the event.[1] The world record holder at the time, Japanese Hideko Maehata, won the event four years after losing the gold medal to Australian Clare Dennis by one tenth of a second. 14 year-old German silver medalist Martha Genenger broke the Olympic record in her heat on August 8, but Maebata broke it again in the next heat with a time of 3:01.9 seconds.[1] Danish Inge Sørensen won the bronze medal, becoming the youngest ever female Olympic medalist (12 years, 24 days).[2] Sørensen's compatriot Valborg Christensen was favoured to win a medal in this event, but she was eliminated after finishing fifth in her semifinal.[3]

Records[edit]

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were:

World record  Hideko Maehata (JPN) 3:00.4 s Tokyo, Japan 30 September 1933 [4][5]
Olympic record  Clare Dennis (AUS) 3:06.3 s Los Angeles, United States 9 August 1932 [5][6]

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Round Name Nationality Time OR WR
August 8 Heat 2 Martha Genenger Germany 3:02.9 OR
August 8 Heat 3 Hideko Maehata Japan 3:01.9 OR

Results[edit]

Heats[edit]

The three fastest swimmers of each heat and the next two fastest swimmers overall (Hanni Hölzner and Dorothy Schiller) advanced to the semifinals on 9 August.[7]

Heat 1[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen Denmark 3:06.7 Q
2 Isberg, KerstinKerstin Isberg Sweden 3:08.7 Q
3 Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg Netherlands 3:10.4 Q
4 Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner Germany 3:11.0 q
5 Schiller, DorothyDorothy Schiller United States 3:17.4 q
6 Kingston, VeraVera Kingston Great Britain 3:21.7
7 Langdon, JoanJoan Langdon Canada 3:24.3

Heat 2[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger Germany 3:02.9 Q, OR
2 Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein Netherlands 3:07.8 Q
3 Tsuboi, UnokoUnoko Tsuboi Japan 3:15.0 Q
4 Lappalainen, AnjaAnja Lappalainen Finland 3:19.1
5 Govednik, AnnAnn Govednik United States 3:25.3

Heat 3[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata Japan 3:01.9 Q, OR
2 Christensen, ValborgValborg Christensen Denmark 3:07.8 Q
3 Gomm, MargaretMargaret Gomm Great Britain 3:15.7 Q
4 Cummings, IrisIris Cummings United States 3:21.9
5 Boubelová, EliškaEliška Boubelová Czechoslovakia 3:25.8
6 Wyss, TennyTenny Wyss Switzerland 3:31.3

Heat 3[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Wollschläger, TrudeTrude Wollschläger Germany 3:08.5 Q
2 Storey, DorisDoris Storey Great Britain 3:10.8 Q
3 Lenk, MariaMaria Lenk Brazil 3:17.2 Q
4 Nielsen, EdelEdel Nielsen Denmark 3:21.3
5 Stroomberg, JoJo Stroomberg Netherlands 3:22.5

Semifinals[edit]

The three fastest swimmers of both semifinals and the best fourth-place finisher advanced to the final on 11 August.[7]

Semifinal 1[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata Japan 3:03.1 Q
2 Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen Denmark 3:06.0 Q
3 Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner Germany 3:08.8 Q
4 Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg Netherlands 3:09.7 Q
5 Wollschläger, TrudeTrude Wollschläger Germany 3:10.3
6 Lenk, MariaMaria Lenk Brazil 3:17.7

Semifinal 2[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger Germany 3:02.8 Q
2 Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein Netherlands 3:09.2 Q
3 Storey, DorisDoris Storey Great Britain 3:09.8 Q
4 Isberg, KerstinKerstin Isberg Sweden 3:11.4
5 Christensen, ValborgValborg Christensen Denmark 3:14.1
6 Tsuboi, UnokoUnoko Tsuboi Japan 3:18.4
7 Schiller, DorothyDorothy Schiller United States 3:18.5

Final[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1st Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata Japan 3:03.6
2nd Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger Germany 3:04.2
3rd Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen Denmark 3:07.8
4 Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner Germany 3:09.5
4 Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg Netherlands 3:09.5
6 Storey, DorisDoris Storey Great Britain 3:09.7
7 Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein Netherlands 3:12.8

References[edit]

General[edit]

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Swimming at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games: Women's 200 metres Breaststroke". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Sherwani, Sabey (August 24, 2008). "Who is the youngest Olympic gold medallist?". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ Vinson, Maribel Y. (July 19, 1936). "Women in Sports". The New York Times (Arthur Hays Sulzberger). p. S2. 
  4. ^ "Japanese Natators Broke 11 Records". The Washington Post (Eugene Meyer). December 24, 1936. p. 16. 
  5. ^ a b Limpert 1937, p. 971.
  6. ^ "Olympic Records Yesterday; Swimming". The New York Times (Arthur Hays Sulzberger). August 9, 1936. p. S1. 
  7. ^ a b Limpert 1937, p. 972.