Swimming at the 1948 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke

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Women's 200 metre breaststroke
at the Games of the XIV Olympiad
Venue Empire Pool
Date 30 July (heats)
31 July (semifinals)
3 August (final)
Competitors 22 from 14 nations
Winning time 2:57.2
Medalists
Gold medal    Netherlands
Silver medal    Australia
Bronze medal    Hungary
«1936 1952»
Swimming at the
1948 Summer Olympics
Swimming pictogram.svg
Freestyle
100 m men   women
400 m men   women
1500 m men
Backstroke
100 m men   women
Breaststroke
200 m men   women
Freestyle relay
4×100 m   women
4×200 m men  

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1948 Summer Olympics, took place on July 30–August 3, at the Empire Pool. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. It was also the first appearance of the event since the outbreak of World War II. A total of 22 competitors from 14 nations participated in the event.[1]

Records[edit]

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were:

World record  Nel van Vliet (NED) 2:49.2 s Hilversum, Netherlands 20 July 1947 [2]
Olympic record  Hideko Maehata (JPN) 3:01.9 s Berlin, Germany 11 August 1936 [2]

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Round Name Nationality Time OR WR
July 30 Heat 2 Éva Székely Hungary 3:01.2 OR
July 30 Heat 3 Nel van Vliet Netherlands 2:57.4 OR
July 31 Semifinals Nel van Vliet Netherlands 2:57.0 OR

Hungarian Éva Székely set her Olympic record in the event using the butterfly stroke, which was allowed at the time.[3] At the 1956 Summer Olympics, a new 100m butterfly event was created. The technique was disallowed in the 200m breaststroke event that year and in all future Olympic Games.

Results[edit]

Heats[edit]

The four fastest swimmers in each heat and the next four fastest swimmers overall advanced to the semifinals on 31 July.[2]

Heat 1[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Lyons, NancyNancy Lyons Australia 3:02.9 Q
1 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard Hungary 3:02.9 Q
3 de Groot, JannyJanny de Groot Netherlands 3:04.4 Q
4 Church, ElizabethElizabeth Church Great Britain 3:07.4 Q
5 Turnbull, DoroteaDorotea Turnbull Argentina 3:12.2 q
6 Kobi, LiselotteLiselotte Kobi Switzerland 3:16.2 q
7 Wilson, JeanneJeanne Wilson United States 3:18.3
8 ÓlafsdóttirAnna Ólafsdóttir Iceland 3:19.9

Heat 2[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely Hungary 3:01.2 Q, OR[2]
2 Hom, TonnieTonnie Hom Netherlands 3:06.0 Q
3 Vandekerckhove, YvonneYvonne Vandekerckhove Belgium 3:09.0 Q
4 Bertrand, JacquelineJacqueline Bertrand France 3:10.7 Q
5 Caplin, JeanJean Caplin Great Britain 3:17.0 q
6 Diederichsen, HelgaHelga Diederichsen Mexico 3:27.8
7 Pence, PennyPenny Pence United States 3:28.1

Heat 3[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 van Vliet, NelNel van Vliet Netherlands 2:57.4 Q, OR[2]
2 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen Denmark 3:09.1 Q
3 Leskinen, MargitMargit Leskinen Finland 3:11.4 Q
4 Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon Great Britain 3:13.3 Q
5 Strong, IreneIrene Strong Canada 3:14.2 q
6 LaMore, ClaraClara LaMore United States 3:23.6
7 ArnadottirÞórdís Árnadóttir Iceland 3:26.1

Semifinals[edit]

The three fastest swimmers in each heat and the next two fastest overall advanced to the final on 3 August.[2]

Semifinal 1[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Lyons, NancyNancy Lyons Australia 3:00.9 Q
2 de Groot, JannyJanny de Groot Netherlands 3:01.4 Q
3 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely Hungary 3:02.8 Q
4 Vandekerckhove, YvonneYvonne Vandekerckhove Belgium 3:09.7
5 Bertrand, JacquelineJacqueline Bertrand France 3:13.1
6 Caplin, JeanJean Caplin Great Britain 3:14.4
6 Turnbull, DoroteaDorotea Turnbull Argentina 3:14.4
8 Strong, IreneIrene Strong Canada 3:16.9

Semifinal 2[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 van Vliet, NelNel van Vliet Netherlands 2:57.0 Q, OR[2]
2 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard Hungary 2:58.0 Q
3 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen Denmark 3:05.5 Q
4 Hom, TonnieTonnie Hom Netherlands 3:05.7 q
5 Church, ElizabethElizabeth Church Great Britain 3:07.1 q
6 Leskinen, MargitMargit Leskinen Finland 3:10.0
7 Kobi, LiselotteLiselotte Kobi Switzerland 3:13.9
8 Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon Great Britain 3:15.8

Final[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 van Vliet, NelNel van Vliet Netherlands 2:57.2
2 Lyons, NancyNancy Lyons Australia 2:57.7
3 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard Hungary 3:00.2
4 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely Hungary 3:02.5
5 de Groot, JannyJanny de Groot Netherlands 3:06.2
6 Church, ElizabethElizabeth Church Great Britain 3:06.1
7 Hom, TonnieTonnie Hom Netherlands 3:07.5
8 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen Denmark 3:08.1

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swimming at the 1948 London Summer Games: Women's 200 metres Breaststroke". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g OCXIVO, p. 590.
  3. ^ Mallon, Bill (1988). "Olympic Records by Sport; Summer Sports". The Olympic Record Book. Garland Publishing. p. 240. ISBN 0824029488.