Swimming at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke

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Women's 200 metre breaststroke
at the Games of the XV Olympiad
Venue Helsinki Swimming Stadium
Date 26 July (heats)
27 July (semifinals)
29 July (final)
Competitors 33 from 19 nations
Winning time 2:51.7 (OR)
Medalists
Gold medal    Hungary
Silver medal    Hungary
Bronze medal    Great Britain
«1948 1956»
Swimming at the
1952 Summer Olympics
Swimming pictogram.svg
Freestyle
100 m men   women
400 m men   women
1500 m men
Backstroke
100 m men   women
Breaststroke
200 m men   women
Freestyle relay
4×100 m   women
4×200 m men  

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1952 Summer Olympics, took place on July 26–29, at the Helsinki Swimming Stadium. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the sixth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 33 competitors from 19 nations participated in the event.[1]

Records[edit]

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were:

World record  Éva Novák-Gerard (HUN) 2:48.5 s Moscow, Soviet Union 5 May 1951 [2]
Olympic record  Nel van Vliet (NED) 2:57.2 s London, United Kingdom 31 July 1948 [2]

The following records were established during the competition:

Date Round Name Nationality Time OR WR
July 26 Heat 1 Éva Novák-Gerard Hungary 2:54.0 OR
July 27 Semifinal 2 Éva Székely Hungary 2:54.0 OR
July 29 Final Éva Székely Hungary 2:51.7 OR

Hungarian Éva Székely used the butterfly stroke in this event, which was permissible at the time. At the 1956 Summer Olympics, the 200m breaststroke event only allowed the orthodox breaststroke to be used, and a new 100m butterfly event was created.[3]

Results[edit]

Heats[edit]

Rank Heat Name Nationality Time Notes
1 1 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard Hungary 2:54.0 Q, OR[4]
2 4 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely Hungary 2:55.1 Q
3 5 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen Denmark 2:57.7 Q
4 3 Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon Great Britain 2:58.6 Q
5 3 Killermann, KláraKlára Killermann Hungary 2:59.1 Q
6 5 Garritsen, NelNel Garritsen Netherlands 2:59.4 Q
7 2 Bonnier, LiesLies Bonnier Netherlands 3:00.6 Q
8 5 Eklund, Ulla-BrittUlla-Britt Eklund Sweden 3:01.2 Q
9 5 Havrysh, MariyaMariya Havrysh Soviet Union 3:01.6 Q
10 1 Happe, UrsulaUrsula Happe Germany 3:02.7 Q
10 3 Sakamoto, KazukoKazuko Sakamoto Japan 3:02.7 Q
12 4 Vergauwen, RaymondaRaymonda Vergauwen Belgium 3:02.8 Q
13 2 Lyons, NancyNancy Lyons Australia 3:04.4 Q
14 4 Wrigley, JeanJean Wrigley Great Britain 3:04.5 Q
15 1 Bruins, RikaRika Bruins Netherlands 3:04.7 Q
16 4 Mäkelä, KaijaKaija Mäkelä Finland 3:04.7 Q
17 2 Harris, ValerieValerie Harris Great Britain 3:04.6
18 5 Aoki, MasayoMasayo Aoki Japan 3:05.6
19 3 Lusien, OdetteOdette Lusien France 3:06.7
20 1 Kostina, VeraVera Kostina Soviet Union 3:07.3
21 4 Hedegaard Jensen, KirstenKirsten Hedegaard Jensen Denmark 3:07.5
22 3 Ward Petersen, EileenEileen Ward Petersen Denmark 3:09.3
23 2 Zenziveyeva, RozaRoza Zenziveyeva Soviet Union 3:10.5
23 1 Albert, IlseIlse Albert Austria 3:12.5
24 1 Peters, GailGail Peters United States 3:13.3
25 4 Strong, IreneIrene Strong Canada 3:13.5
26 5 Sehorn, DellaDella Sehorn United States 3:13.7
27 1 Knabenhans, MargritMargrit Knabenhans Switzerland 3:17.4
28 2 Cornell, JuliaJulia Cornell United States 3:17.7
29 2 Kwok, IreneIrene Kwok Hong Kong 3:19.2
30 5 Kobi, LiselotteLiselotte Kobi Switzerland 3:22.0
31 4 Nazir, DollyDolly Nazir India 3:37.9
32 3 Saha, AratiArati Saha India 3:40.8
33 2 Mróz, AleksandraAleksandra Mróz Poland DSQ[4]

Semifinals[edit]

Rank Heat Name Nationality Time Notes
1 2 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely Hungary 2:54.0 Q, OR[4]
2 1 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard Hungary 2:55.8 Q
3 1 Killermann, KláraKlára Killermann Hungary 2:56.5 Q
4 2 Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon Great Britain 2:57.8 Q
5 1 Havrysh, MariyaMariya Havrysh Soviet Union 2:58.6 Q
6 2 Garritsen, NelNel Garritsen Netherlands 2:59.5 Q
7 1 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen Denmark 2:59.5 Q
8 2 Eklund, Ulla-BrittUlla-Britt Eklund Sweden 2:59.6 Q
9 1 Bonnier, LiesLies Bonnier Netherlands 3:00.3
10 1 Bruins, RikaRika Bruins Netherlands 3:02.4
11 2 Vergauwen, RaymondaRaymonda Vergauwen Belgium 3:02.6
12 2 Wrigley, JeanJean Wrigley Great Britain 3:03.2
13 2 Happe, UrsulaUrsula Happe Germany 3:03.8
14 1 Sakamoto, KazukoKazuko Sakamoto Japan 3:04.2
15 1 Lyons, NancyNancy Lyons Australia 3:05.6
16 2 Mäkelä, KaijaKaija Mäkelä Finland 3:06.2

Final[edit]

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1 Székely, ÉvaÉva Székely Hungary 2:51.7 OR[4]
2 Novák-Gerard, ÉvaÉva Novák-Gerard Hungary 2:54.4
3 Gordon, ElenorElenor Gordon Great Britain 2:57.6
4 Killermann, KláraKlára Killermann Hungary 2:57.6
5 Hansen, JytteJytte Hansen Denmark 2:57.8
6 Havrysh, MariyaMariya Havrysh Soviet Union 2:58.9
7 Eklund, Ulla-BrittUlla-Britt Eklund Sweden 3:01.8
8 Garritsen, NelNel Garritsen Netherlands 3:02.1

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swimming at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Women's 200 metres Breaststroke". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Kolkka, p. 590.
  3. ^ Doyle, p. 588.
  4. ^ a b c d Kolkka, p. 591.