Swinomish people

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La Conner, Washington, Swinomish Channel

Swinomish people SWIN-ə-mish[1] are an historically Lushootseed-speaking Native American tribe in western Washington state in the United States. The tribe lives in the southeastern part of Fidalgo Island in northern Puget Sound, near the San Juan Islands, in Skagit County, Washington. Skagit County is located about 70 miles (110 km) north of Seattle.

Swinomish people are enrolled in the federally recognized Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, formerly known as the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, which is headquartered across the Swinomish Channel from La Conner.[2]


The Swinomish people speak a dialect of the Salishan Lushootseed language.[3]


A skate from the Swinomish tribal fishtrap, Tulalip Indian Agency, Washington, 1938

The lifestyle of the Swinomish, like many Northwest Coast tribes, involves the fishing of salmon and collecting of shellfish. Their fishing rights were guaranteed by the Point Elliott Treaty.[4]


The Swinomish moved onto reservation lands after the signing of the Point Elliott Treaty in 1855.[4]


  1. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American Placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 468. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. 
  2. ^ Swinomish Indian Tribal Community. (retrieved 28 July 2009)
  3. ^ Lushootseed Language (Whulshootseed, Puget Sound Salish). Native Languages of the Americas. (retrieved 28 July 2009)
  4. ^ a b Mapes, Lynda V. "Swinomish are told to restrict shellfish." The Seattle Times. 19 April 2007 (retrieved 28 July 2009)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°24′05″N 122°31′37″W / 48.4014°N 122.5270°W / 48.4014; -122.5270