Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of Washington
Fidalgo Island, the Swinomish Indian Reservation is the middle distance, 2008
|778 (ca. 2002)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( Washington)|
|Swinomish, English, formerly Samish|
|traditional tribal religion|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Salish peoples|
The Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of Washington, formerly known as the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, is a federally recognized tribe, located on the Puget Sound in Washington. They are an Indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest, that include the Central and Coast Salish peoples who lived in the Samish and Skagit River Valleys, nearby coasts, and islands. The tribe includes Swinomish, Lower Skagit, Upper Skagit, Kikiallus, Samish, and Suquamish peoples.
The Swinomish Reservation of Washington is located on Puget Sound, on the southeastern side of Fidalgo Island in Skagit County, Washington. It was established in 1855 by the Treaty of Point Elliot. The reservation is 15 square miles in acreage, including 7,450 acres of upland and 2,900 acres of tidelands. According to the 2000 census, the resident population of 2,664 persons, with 23% being fullblood Native Americans.
The tribe's headquarters is in La Conner, Washington. The tribe drafted its constitution and by-laws in 1936, following the Indian Reorganization Act, which encouraged tribes to re-establish self-government.
They are governed by a democratically elected, 11-member tribal council, serving staggered five-year-terms. The current officers of the tribal council are as follows:
- Chairman: Brian Cladoosby
- Vice-Chairwoman: Barbara James
- Treasurer: Steve Edwards
- Secretary: Sophie Bailey.
English is commonly spoken by tribal members. Some elders speak Swinomish (also known as Skagit), a Lushootseed language that is part of the Central Salish language family. Some also spoke Samish, another Central Salish language.
The Swinomish Tribe owns and operates the Swinomish Casino and Lodge, 13 Moons Restaurant, Two Café, 10 Sports Bar, the Deli, and an RV park, all located in Anacortes, Washington. The gaming complex generates revenues they apply to health and education for their members.
- "Swinomish Tribe." Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board. Retrieved 16 Sept 2013. A dental clinic is located nearby.
- "Skagit." Ethnologue. Retrieved 16 Sept 2013.
- "Who We Are." Swinomish Indian Tribal Community. Retrieved 15 Sept 2013.
- Prtizker 202
- Swinomish Reservation, Washington United States Census Bureau
- "Salish, Straits", Ethnologue. Retrieved 16 Sept 2013.
- "Swinomish Casino & Lodge." 500 Nations. Retrieved 16 Sept 2013.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
- Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, official website