Swiss Argentine

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Swiss Argentine
Schweiz-Argentinier
Helvético-argentinos
Retrato de Carlos Pellegrini.jpg
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Hermes Binner.jpg
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Eduardo Schwank at the 2010 US Open 01.jpg
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Total population
c. 300,000
Regions with significant populations
Mainly Santa Fe Province, Buenos Aires Province and others.
Languages
Rioplatense Spanish, German (especially Swiss German), Argentinien-schwyzertütsch dialect, French, Italian
Religion
Mostly Catholicism and Calvinism
Related ethnic groups
Swiss people,
Swiss Brazilians, Swiss Chileans,
other White Argentines (especially German Argentines, Italian Argentines, and French Argentines)

A Swiss Argentine is an Argentine citizen of Swiss descent or a Switzerland-born person who resides in Argentina. The Swiss Argentine community is the largest group of the Swiss diaspora in Latin America.[1]

Approximately 44,000 Swiss emigrated to Argentina until 1940, who settled mainly in the provinces of Córdoba and Santa Fe and, to a lesser extent, in Buenos Aires. In 1856, 200 families of immigrants from Switzerland, Germany, France, Italy, Belgium and Luxembourg founded the city of Esperanza, the forerunner of agricultural colonies in Argentina, thus kickstarting a long process of European colonization and immigration. In Río Negro, Swiss settlement began in early 19th century in the village of Colonia Suiza ("Swiss Colony").

An Argentine of Swiss origin, Dr. Ernesto Alemann, founded the Colegio Pestalozzi in 1934 with the aim of creating a place for free and humanistic education in accordance with the philosophy of Swiss pedagogue Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi.

Félix Fernando Bernasconi was a Swiss Argentine shoe manufacturer to whom Francisco Moreno sold a property on the southside of Buenos Aires. On this site Moreno had already established a charitable school. After the death of Bernasconi in 1914, additional funding by the Argentine government allowed to build the largest school in Buenos Aires at the time, called the Bernasconi Institute,[2] which opened in 1929.

Also associated with Moreno was Santiago Roth, a Swiss immigrant. Roth became a famous Argentine paleontologist who had joined Moreno on many expeditions to Patagonia and whom Moreno established as Head of the Paleontology Department at the La Plata Museum. In addition, Emilio Frey, son of a Swiss immigrant and educated in Switzerland, became an important partner of Moreno as topographer of the Comisión de limites Argentina-Chile from 1896 to 1902 to work out a new treaty for the border between the two countries.

History[edit]

Swiss Colony in Mendoza.

Swiss immigration to Argentina began in February 1856 when the first group with a total of 421 European immigrants arrived in Santa Fe and by June there were already established about 200 farming families, about 1,400 people, of which more than 50% were French and German-speaking Swiss. The first colony founded by these Swiss settlers was called Esperanza, this being the main and largest Swiss colony in Argentina. The grants were awarded by lottery in 1862 and the final installment of property was given to its new occupants.[1]

Also, the province of Entre Ríos received a lot of Swiss immigrants, especially those from French-speaking Switzerland. Many of these Franco-Swiss along with French immigrants contributed to the founding of several colonies in the province.

Swiss Argentines during the inaugural parade of the XXXIV National Immigrant Festival in Oberá, Misiones.

One of the major Swiss pioneers was Guillermo Lehmann (born in Winterthur, Canton of Zürich), who founded several villages and towns between 1870 and 1880, with Rafaela, Santa Fe being one of the most important settlements. In 1872, the colony inspector Guillermo Wilcken recorded 16,678 foreign inhabitants distributed in 34 colonies in the provinces of Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba. Of this number, 5,957 were Swiss settlers, followed by Italians, "new Argentines" (children of foreign settlers and naturalised foreigners), French and Germans. Meanwhile, a report by the Swiss Consulate of the same date indicates a total of 10,000 Swiss residents in Argentina; about 2,000 living in Buenos Aires.

One of the main factors that favoured the settlement by immigrants inside the country was the railroad. Layout of the Central Argentine Railway, from Rosario to Cordoba, encouraged the settlement of colonies along the railroad tracks. Since 1870, the Swiss were chosen to start the large-scale settlement. Thus arose the agricultural settlements of Bernstadt (today Roldán), Carcarañá, Cañada de Gómez, Tortugas, Armstrong and many others.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la República Argentina. "La emigración suiza a la Argentina (Swiss emigration to Argentina)" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-02-21. 
  2. ^ "www.barriada.com.ar - Mabel Crego nos cuenta las curiosidades e historias de los barrios porte�os". barriada.com.ar. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 

External links[edit]