||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (February 2009)|
Swiss Cottage is a landmark in North West London in the London Boroughs of Camden & Westminster.
Swiss Cottage is often misdefined as a district of North West London in the London Borough of Camden. It takes it name from the eponymous Swiss Cottage, a building that had been both a tavern and a restaurant, and is in fact the vicinity of that landmark. The landmark sits on the crossroads of the districts of St. John's Wood, Hampstead, West Hampstead and Primrose Hill.
The Swiss Cottage was originally a farmhouse's dairy built between 1803 and 1804 when the surrounding area was in countryside outside London. It then became a public house called The Swiss Tavern as the city limits expanded in the early 19th Century. The name possibly coming from a contemporary opera.
In 1965, the original architecturally-looking English building was reconstructed in the style of an actual Swiss chalet or cottage. Today the building hosts a pub called called the Ye Olde Swiss Cottage.
Local amenities include an Odeon Cinema, Swiss Cottage Central Library, The Hampstead Theatre and assorted shops the length of the Finchley Road. Swiss Cottage Leisure Centre reopened in early 2006 after redevelopment; it now has two swimming pools, a gym and a climbing wall.
Local major hotels include Marriott Regents Park, Danubius Regents Park and Hampstead Britannia Hotel. There are many smaller hotels in the area. Notable restaurants that include European, South-East Asian and Japanese cuisine.
To many older residents, Swiss Cottage is not a locality but a former road junction. Properties are regarded to be in either Hampstead or St. John's Wood. Non-residents generally refer to the whole area as Swiss Cottage.
Properties west of Finchley Road are regarded as West Hampstead with those east of Finchley Road, but west of Merton Rise and south of Eton Avenue, as St. John's Wood. Properties between Haverstock Hill, Eton Avenue and Prince Albert Road are on the border with Primrose Hill. South of Adelaide Road as far as Queens Grove is within South Hampstead or St. John's Wood.
St. John's Wood, Belsize Park, South Hampstead, Kilburn, West Hampstead, Swiss Cottage, Hampstead Village, Hampstead Garden Suburb, Child's Hill, Church End, Highgate West and Fortune Green are commonly regarded as part of Greater Hampstead.
Adjoining neighbourhoods include Hampstead Village to the North East, Chalk Farm and Camden Town to the South East, Belsize Park to the East, St John's Wood to the South and West Hampstead to the West. Regent's Park is within walking distance of Swiss Cottage (about 1.4 km).
Nearest tube stations
- Swiss Cottage tube station (Jubilee line)
- St. John's Wood tube station (Jubilee line)
- Finchley Road tube station (Jubilee line and Metropolitan lines)
- Warwick Avenue tube station (Bakerloo line)
- Chalk Farm tube station (Northern line)
Nearest railway stations
- South Hampstead railway station (London Overground Watford DC Line)
- Finchley Road & Frognal railway station (London Overground North London Line)
- 13 - Golders Green Station to Aldwych via Finchley Road and Oxford Street
- 113 - Edgware to Oxford Circus via Finchley Road
- 82 - North Finchley to Victoria Station via Marble Arch, Park Lane, and Finchley Road
- 46 - Farringdon Street to Lancaster Gate via King's Cross, Hampstead Village, Maida Vale, and Paddington
- 31 - Shepherd's Bush Green to Camden Town via Holland Park, Notting Hill Gate, Kilburn and Primrose Hill
- C11 - Brent Cross Shopping Centre to Archway via West Hampstead, Belsize Park, and Parliament Hill
- 268 - Golders Green to Finchley Road via Hampstead Village and Belsize Park
- 608 - Muswell Hill to terminate at Swiss Cottage via Hampstead Heath
- 187 - Finchley Road to Central Middlesex Hospital via Maida Vale, Queen's Park, Harlesden, and Park Royal
Mentioned in the Al Stewart song "Swiss Cottage Manoeuvres"