Swiss International Air Lines
|Founded||2002 (as Swiss Air Lines Ltd)|
|Frequent-flyer program||Miles & More|
|Company slogan||'Our sign is a promise' (English) 'Unser Zeichen ist ein Versprechen' (German)|
|Parent company||Lufthansa Group|
near Basel, Switzerland
|Key people||Harry Hohmeister (President and CEO)|
|Revenue||CHF 5.2 billion (2012)|
|Profit||CHF 212 million (2012)|
Swiss International Air Lines AG (short: Swiss) is the flag carrier airline of Switzerland operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia. Its main hub is Zurich Airport (ZRH). The airline was formed after the 2002 bankruptcy of Swissair, Switzerland's former flag carrier.
Swiss is a subsidiary of the German airline group the Lufthansa Group, with headquarters at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg near Basel, Switzerland, and an office at Zurich Airport in Kloten, Switzerland. The company's registered office is in Basel.
The airline uses the IATA Code LX that it inherited from the Swiss regional airline Crossair (Swissair's code was SR). The ICAO code is SWR, inherited from Swissair (Crossair's was CRX), in order to keep international traffic rights.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
The airline was formed after the 2002 bankruptcy of Swissair, Switzerland's former flag carrier. Crossair had 40% of its income come from the defunct Swissair. The new airline's losses totaled $1.6 billion from startup until 2005. Swissair's biggest creditors, Credit Suisse and UBS, sold part of Swissair's assets to Crossair, the regional counterpart to the transatlantic Swissair. At the time, both Swissair and Crossair were under the same holding company, called SAirGroup. Crossair later changed its name to Swiss, and the new national airline started its operations officially on 31 March 2002. The airline was first owned by institutional investors (61.3%), the Swiss Confederation (20.3%), cantons and communities (12.2%) and others (6.2%). Swiss also owns subsidiary companies Swiss Sun (100%) and Crossair Europe (99.9%). It has a total of 7,383 employees.
According to Marcel Biedermann, the managing director intercontinental markets for Swiss, there were three possibilities: stay independent as a niche carrier, shrink to an unrecognisable level, or attach onto another airline group. The last choice was taken. Swiss talked to Air France-KLM, British Airways, and Lufthansa. However, Swiss was tied up with debt and an uncertain future, and seemed to be an unattractive investment. After merging with KLM, Air France said they were too busy to deal with Swiss joining them. British Airways was open, and Oneworld partners thought Zurich Airport would be a viable alternative hub for London Heathrow.
After almost a year of disputes, Swiss was finally accepted into the Oneworld airline alliance, after having been blocked by British Airways, which competes with Swiss on many long-haul routes. On 3 June 2004, Swiss announced its decision not to join Oneworld because they did not want to integrate their current frequent flyer program into British Airways' Executive Club. Furthermore, Swiss thought the relationship was one sided, where British Airways sapped out the benefits of the airline, but they would get no return.
The airline annually halved its losses, and in 2006 recorded a net profit of $220 million. The net profit for 2007 was $570 million. Biedermann stated in the March 2008 edition of "Airways", that "this was the beginning of getting our house back in order." He said that help was needed and looked up to Lufthansa as a comparison, so their coming together was natural, even with their differences. Even with the smaller network, Swiss carries the same number of passengers as they did in 2002.
On 22 March 2005 Lufthansa Group confirmed its plan to take over Swiss, starting with a minority stake (11%) of a new company set up to hold Swiss shares called Air Trust. The Swiss operations were gradually integrated with Lufthansa's from late 2005, and the takeover was completed on 1 July 2007. Swiss joined the Star Alliance and became a member of Lufthansa's Miles and More frequent flyer program on 1 April 2006.
The airline has set up a regional airline subsidiary called Swiss European Air Lines. This carrier has its own air operator's certificate. The two independently operating divisions Swiss Aviation Training and Swiss WorldCargo (using the belly capacity of passenger planes) are also owned by Swiss.
In 2008 Swiss International Air Lines acquired Edelweiss Air  and Servair - now Swiss Private Aviation. From February 2011, Swiss Private Aviation ceased to operate as a result of internal reconstruction. The company recommended Lufthansa Private Jet Service as a succedaneum.
In 2007 Swiss placed an order for 9 Airbus A330-300 to eventually replace the existing A330-200s. The A333 is more environmentally friendly and has three-class seating. As each A330-300 arrives, an A330-200 is retired from the fleet. The first A330-300 jet was put into service from Zurich to New York-JFK in April 2009. In spring 2010 Swiss operated 5 A330-300s for mid-long haul route. The remaining 4 A330-300 aircraft joined the fleet in 2011.
Lufthansa Group takeover
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Following Lufthansa Group takeover, the regional fleet was changed from Crossair's Embraer ERJs and Saabs to Avro RJs, which are flown by a wholly owned subsidiary, Swiss European Air Lines. The rest of the fleet, apart from the regional jets, was also rationalised and is now all Airbus.
The airline reconstruction also caused Swiss to renegotiate their supplier contracts, which include ground handling, maintenance, food service, and labour.
The shareholders of Swiss received a performance-based option for their shares. Payment will be in 2008, and the amount will depend on how well Lufthansa's shares compare with competitors' shares. Lufthansa continues to maintain Swiss as a separate brand.
On August 18, 2011, Swiss announced a new logo for their company, resembling the logo of the defunct Swissair. The new logo lead to vivid online criticism, within days several protest groups on social media platforms appeared.
Corporate affairs and identity
Swiss International Air Lines has its operational headquarters at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg near Basel, Switzerland. This French-Swiss binational airport is located on French territory and has customs-free access to Switzerland. The Swiss head office is located in the Swiss section of the airport, and it is only accessible from Switzerland. According to the commercial register, the legal seat is in Basel itself.
The current Swiss International Air Lines head office was formerly the head office of Crossair. In 2002 the name "Crossair" was replaced with "Swiss International Air Lines" on the head office building. As of 2004 the Basel area offices housed about 1,000 employees, while the Zurich area offices housed about 850 employees. When Swiss started as a company, about 1,400-1,500 worked at the Basel offices.
The following companies are part of the Swiss International Air Lines Group:
- Edelweiss Air
- Swiss AviationSoftware
- Swiss Aviation Training
- Swiss European Air Lines
- Swiss PrivateAviation
- Swiss WorldCargo
In 2009, the airline announced a major expansion at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in an attempt to win back market share from budget airlines using the airport.
Swiss International has codeshare agreements with the following airlines 
- Adria Airways
- Air Canada
- Air France
- Air Malta
- Austrian Airlines
- Brussels Airlines
- Croatia Airlines
- Darwin Airline
- Edelweiss Air
- El Al
- Helvetic Airways
- LOT Polish Airlines
- Scandinavian Airlines
- Singapore Airlines
- South African Airways
- TAM Airlines
- TAP Portugal
- Thai Airways International
- Turkish Airlines
- Ukraine International Airlines
- United Airlines
On all economy class flights in Europe, Swiss offers drink services. Depending on the time and duration of the flight, Swiss may also offer snack services. On shorter flights, Swiss offers cold snacks, and on longer flights Swiss offers hot snacks. The Europe economy class services include sandwiches from a Swiss bakery. In addition, Swiss chocolate is provided near the end of every Swiss flight to all passengers.
As of 28 January 2014, the Swiss International Air Lines fleet comprises the following aircraft:
|Airbus A340-300||15||—||8||47||164||219||Six oldest aircraft to be replaced by 777-300ER|
|Boeing 777-300ER||—||6||TBA||Deliveries in 2016|
The average age of the Swiss International Air Lines fleet is 10.8 years on September 2013. The aircraft fleet is to be renamed after local towns and cities over the next two years. The names will be featured on the aircraft fuselage, with cabin interiors showing the coat of arms of the town or city. The latest fleet addition, an Airbus A330, is the first to follow this scheme, as Bern.
Six second-hand Airbus A340 aircraft were added to the fleet to increase frequencies and launch new long-haul routes in summer 2008. Two Airbus A330 aircraft were also added to the fleet in 2006 to increase route frequencies.
In addition to Swiss's own fleet, a number of codeshare agreements are in effect. These include 3 Fokker 100 aircraft operated by Swiss airline Helvetic Airways, 2 Fokker 100s operated by OLT Express Germany, and 1 Saab 2000 operated by Swiss regional airline Darwin Airline. These aircraft operate from Zurich on routes to Birmingham, Manchester, Prague, Warsaw, Brussels and Lugano.
On 22 September 2010, Lufthansa announced an order for 48 new planes. 5 of the ordered A330-300, 2 A320, and 2 A321 aircraft will go to Swiss
- "Swiss, Facts & Figures". Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- "Facts and figures". Swiss.com. Retrieved 2013-11-10.
- "Swiss International Air Lines AG." Office du Registre du commerce du canton de Bâle-Ville. Retrieved on 13 March 2008.
- Kurt Hofmann (27 June 2011). "Swiss CEO forecasts difficult 2011 second half". Air Transport World. Retrieved 27 June 2011. "Swiss International Air Lines CEO Harry Hohmeister told ATW he is expecting a difficult second half of 2011 for the carrier owing to high fuel prices, political unrest in the Middle East and North Africa and the natural and nuclear disasters in Japan."(subscription required)
- "Lufthansa Group annual report Page 69" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- "Even SWISS is not immune to the LCC offensive". Centre for Aviation. 4 September 2012. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. "Switzerland’s de facto flag carrier has started offering low-cost flights starting at CHF49 (EUR40/USD51) from Geneva to a number of popular destinations such as Madrid and Nice."
- "Swiss International Air Lines Zurich. Swiss International Air Lines" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- "Impressum." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 22 June 2010. "Rechtssitz der Gesellschaft Swiss International Air Lines AG Malzgasse 15 CH-4052 Basel."
- "Swiss - Facts & Figures". Retrieved 2010-02-23.
- "Kuoni and SWISS enter into strategic partnership" (Press release). Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- "WEKO approves the acquisition of Edelweiss Air by SWISS" (Press release). Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- "SWISS acquires Servair to operate as Swiss Private Aviation" (Press release). Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- "Goodbye, with gratitude" (Press release). Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Eleven airlines fined in European cargo cartel investigation". Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- SWISS renforce son positionnement et affine son image de marque, Swiss, 4 October 2011
- New logo: Swiss International Air Lines, on 4 October 2011
- , on 20 August 2011
- , on 19 August 2011
- "SWISS unveils foundation for solid future". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved 1 July 2010. The Annual Results Press Conference takes place at 11:00, Tuesday, March 23 at the SWISS head office at Basel EuroAirport.
- "Plan interactif". Saint-Louis (Haut-Rhin). Retrieved 25 September 2009.
- "How to find us". Farnair Europe. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
- "Swiss International Air Lines Basel". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved 24 September 2009. ATTENTION! It is only possible to reach SWISS at the EuroAirport Basel via the Swiss customs or the customs-free road!
- http://search.powernet.ch/webservices/net/HRG/HRG.asmx/getHRGHTML?chnr=CH-270.3.001.037-6&amt=270&toBeModified=0&validOnly=0&lang=1&sort= (accessed on 2014-02-16
- "Industry Briefs". Airline Industry Information. 2 July 2002. Retrieved 12 January 2010. According to a company statement, the new name replaces Crossair at the corporate headquarters in Basel.
- "Wenn die Direktion geht, folgt dann der Rest?". Basler Zeitung (in German). No. 173. 27 July 2004. Ursprünglich arbeiteten am Hauptsitz in Basel rund 1400 bis 1500 Leute, heute sind es noch rund 1000 (das fliegende Personal nicht mitgezählt) – der meiste Teil der Stellen fiel der Restrukturierung vom letzten Jahr zum Opfer. In Zürich arbeiten derzeit rund 850 Personen am Boden. (Archive)
- Swiss Destinations
- "Codeshare partner". Swiss.com. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- "SWISS Economy Europe." Swiss International Air Lines". Swiss.com. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- Swiss Aircraft Registry
- Lufthansa Group orders 6 Boeing 777-300ER Aircraft for Swiss Airlines
- "Fleet age for Swiss International Air Lines".
- Airliner World January 2007
- "Lufthansa to order 41 Airbuses including nine A330s for Swiss". Flight Global. 2007-09-20.
- "Lufthansa Supervisory Board approves Group’s order for 48 new aircraft" (Press release). Lufthansa. 2010-09-22. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- Donohue, Ken. "Swiss continues a proud tradition." Airways Magazine: A Global Review of Commercial Flight. March 2008: 22-23, 25, 28.
- Media related to Swiss International Air Lines at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Swiss World Cargo
- Swiss Aviation Training