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|Native speakers||470,000 (2000 census)|
|Official language in||Switzerland (as Italian)|
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The Italian language in Switzerland is spoken as native language by about 350,000 people in the canton of Ticino and in the southern part of Graubünden (Canton Grigioni). Swiss-Italian is referred also as the Italian speaking population in this region (southern Switzerland) close to the border with Italy.
Despite being like standard Italian, Italian spoken in the Italian speaking region of Switzerland presents some regional differences from the Italian spoken in other regions of Italy due to the presence of French and German from which it forms calques. An example would be the driving licence. In Italian it is called "patente di guida" while in Switzerland it becomes "Licenza di condurre", from the French "Permis de conduire". Another example is the interurban bus. In Italian it would be "autobus" or "corriera" while in Switzerland is the Autopostale or posta (because nearly all interurban lines are run by a subsidiary of the Swiss Post).
Swiss Italians of Australia, (also Swiss / Italian and Swiss-Italian) are the Italian speaking Swiss and Italians that settled in Australia during the 1850s and 1860s. The Swiss Italians initially settled in the area around Daylesford in Victoria. The Swiss settlers were from the canton of Ticino and in the southern part of Graubünden. The Italian settlers were predominantly from the northern Italian Regions of Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Liguria and Piemonte.
Some examples of Ticinese words that are different from Italian are:
|Swiss Italian||Italian||English Translation||Notes|
|chifer||cornetto||croissant||from the Swiss German Gipfel|
|azione||offerta||offer||from German Aktion|
|riservare||prenotare||to reserve||from the French réserver|
|comandare||ordinare||to command||from the French commander|
|ritorno||resto (in denaro)||change (money received after payment)||from the French retour|
|relegazione||retrocessione (sport)||relegation||from the French relegation|
As may be seen from this table, as well as the case with the driving licence described above, Swiss Italian has fewer false friends with English than standard Italian does, as calques from French in Swiss Italian match Latin-origin words in English more often than the original Italian words do.
- Ticinese dialect
- Swiss German
- Swiss French
- Languages of Switzerland
- Swiss Italians of Australia
- Italian immigration to Switzerland
- Swiss Italian irredentism