Swiss referendums, 1920

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Five referendums were held in Switzerland during 1920.[1] The first three were held on 21 March on a federal law on regulating employment contracts, a ban on creating gambling establishments and a counterproposal to the ban.[1] The fourth was held on 16 May on membership the League of Nations (which Switzerland had become a founding member of the previous year), whilst the fifth was held on 31 October on a federal law on working times on railways and other transport services.[1] Of the five, only the ban on gambling establishments, League of Nations membership and the law on working times were passed.[1]

Background[edit]

The referendum on joining the League of Nations was a mandatory referendum, whilst the ban on gambling establishments was a popular initiative.[1] Together with the counter-proposal, all three required a double majority; a majority of the popular vote and majority of the cantons.[2] The decision of each canton was based on the vote in that canton.[2] Full cantons counted as one vote, whilst half cantons counted as half.[2] The referendums on employment contracts and working times were optional referendums,[1] which required only a majority of the public vote.[2]

Results[edit]

Federal law on regulating employment contracts[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 254,455 49.8
Against 256,401 50.2
Blank votes 36,755
Invalid votes 30,396
Total 578,007 100
Registered voters/turnout 957,386 60.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Ban on creating gambling establishments[edit]

Choice Popular vote Cantons
Votes % Full Half Total
For 276,021 55.3 13 2 14
Against 223,122 44.7 6 4 8
Blank votes 23,138
Invalid votes 45,538
Total 567,819 100 19 6 22
Registered voters/turnout 957,386 59.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Counterproposal on gambling establishments[edit]

Choice Popular vote Cantons
Votes % Full Half Total
For 122,240 26.1 0 1 0.5
Against 345,327 73.9 19 5 21.5
Blank votes 23,138
Invalid votes 45,538
Total 536,243 100 19 6 22
Registered voters/turnout 957,386 56.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

League of Nations membership[edit]

Choice Popular vote Cantons
Votes % Full Half Total
For 416,870 56.3 10 3 11.5
Against 323,719 43.7 9 3 10.5
Blank votes 6,502
Invalid votes 4,039
Total 751,130 100 19 6 22
Registered voters/turnout 968,327 77.6
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Federal law on working time[edit]

Choice Votes %
For 369,466 57.1
Against 277,342 42.9
Blank votes 8,618
Invalid votes 1,487
Total 656,913 100
Registered voters/turnout 964,587 68.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1908 ISBN 9783832956097
  2. ^ a b c d Nohlen & Stöver, p1891