Syamzhensky District

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Syamzhensky District
Сямженский район (Russian)
Location of Syamzhensky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location of Syamzhensky District in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 60°01′N 41°03′E / 60.017°N 41.050°E / 60.017; 41.050Coordinates: 60°01′N 41°03′E / 60.017°N 41.050°E / 60.017; 41.050
Gerb-Siamzhensky-region.gif
Flag of Syamzhensky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms of Syamzhensky District
Flag of Syamzhensky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of March 2010)
Administrative center selo of Syamzha[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
selsoviet 10
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 165
Municipal structure (as of April 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Syamzhensky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 8
Statistics
Area 3,900 km2 (1,500 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 8,745 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 2.24/km2 (5.8/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established January 25, 1935[4]
Official website
Syamzhensky District on WikiCommons

Syamzhensky District (Russian: Ся́мженский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Vozhegodsky District in the north, Verkhovazhsky District in the northeast, Totemsky District in the east, Sokolsky District in the south, and with Kharovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 3,900 square kilometers (1,500 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Syamzha.[2] District's population: 8,745 (2010 Census);[5] 10,384 (2002 Census);[8] 12,204 (1989 Census).[9] The population of Syamzha accounts for 45.2% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

Almost the entire area of the district belongs to the basin of the Kubena River. The Kubena crosses the northwestern part of the district, entering from the north and exiting to the west. A major tributary of the Kubena within the district is the Syamzhena. The southern part of the district belongs to the basin of the Syamzhena; in particular, the administrative center of the district, the selo of Syamzha, is located on the banks of the Syamzhena. The biggest lake of the district, Lake Shichengskoye, also drains into the Syamzhena. The central and northern parts of the district belong to the basins of other tributaries of the Kubena, such as the Verdenga and the Yakhrenga. The northeastern part of the district drains into the Vaga River, a major tributary of the Northern Dvina, and the Vaga crosses the district in the northerly direction. Finally, some minor areas in the south and southeast of the district belong to the basins of the Sukhona's tributaries, such as the Tsaryova and the Dvinitsa. The whole area of the district thus belongs to the basins of the Northern Dvina and the White Sea.

Considerable areas within the district are covered by coniferous forests. There are swamps, particularly in the south, east, and northeast of the district. The biggest swamp in the district, the Shichengskoye Swamp, is located around Lake Shichengskoye.

History[edit]

The general area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. In the upper course of the Syamzhena River, the remains of the 12th-century settlement—Chudin Val—have been preserved.[4] After the fall of Novgorod, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate. In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty. The latter was abolished in 1796, and the part of it which included the current area of the district became Vologda Governorate. The territory of the modern district was shared between Kadnikovsky and Totemsky Uyezds.

In 1929, several governorates, including Vologda Governorate, were merged into Northern Krai. On July 15, 1929, the uyezds were abolished, and Syamzhensky District with the administrative center in the village of Yarygino was established and became a part of Vologda Okrug of Northern Krai. In 1930, the okrug was abolished, and the district was subordinated to the central administration of Northern Krai. On August 5, 1931, Syamzhensky District was abolished, and its area was divided between Kharovsky and Totemsky Districts.[4] On January 25, 1935, the district was re-established.[10] The district's administrative center was established in the village of Dyakovskaya. In 1936, the krai was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. Syamzhensky District remained in Vologda Oblast ever since. In 1953, the administrative center of the district was moved to the selo of Syamzha. During the abortive administrative reforms of 1962-1965, the district was appended to Kharovsky District.

Administrative and municipal divisions[edit]

Administratively, the district is divided into ten selsoviets.[2] Municipally, the district is incorporated as Syamzhensky Municipal District and is divided into eight rural settlements.[3] The municipal district includes all of the inhabited localities of the administrative district, as well as three rural localities (the settlements of 47 km, Druzhba, and Sogorki) from Kharovsky District.[2][3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of the district is dominated by timber industry, which produces 82% of all goods in the district.[11]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2010, six large- and mid-scale farms operated in the district. The main specializations were cattle breeding and crops growing. The farms produced milk and meat, and crops were mainly used to feed the cattle.[11]

Transportation[edit]

One of the principal highways in Russia, M8, which connects Moscow and Arkhangelsk, crosses the district from south to north, passing Syamzha. There are also local roads, with the bus traffic originating from Syamzha.

None of the rivers are navigable within the limits of the district.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains sixty-three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[12] Most of these are wooden farms and churches built prior to 1917.

In 2006, the Syamzhensky District Museum was opened in Syamzha. It displays archaeological, ethnographic, and local interest collections.[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #371-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #1122-OZ
  4. ^ a b c d e Перевозчикова, Ю.Б. (2006). Г. В. Судаков, ed. Вологодская энциклопедия (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 465. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved October 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b Экономика района (in Russian). Администрация Сямженского муниципального района. Retrieved October 14, 2011. 
  12. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 
  13. ^ Культура (in Russian). Администрация Сямженского муниципального района. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1122-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Сямженского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1122-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Syamzhensky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).