Sybil (1976 film)

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For the 2007 remake, see Sybil (2007 film).
Sybil
Sybil DVD.jpg
DVD cover of Sybil
Directed by Daniel Petrie
Produced by Jacqueline Babbin
Written by Stewart Stern (teleplay)
Based on Sybil by Flora Rheta Schreiber
Starring Sally Field
Joanne Woodward
Music by Leonard Rosenman
Cinematography Mario Tosi
Editing by Michael S. McLean
Rita Roland
Production company Lorimar Productions
Country United States
Language English
Original channel NBC
Release date November 14 & 15, 1976
Running time 187 minutes

Sybil is a 1976 American drama film that originally aired as a made-for-television miniseries. It is based on the book of the same name.

Plot[edit]

Sybil is a shy, unassuming substitute grade school teacher. After suffering a small breakdown in front of her students, she is given a neurological examination by Dr. Cornelia Wilbur, a psychiatrist. Sybil admits to having blackouts and fears they are getting worse. Dr. Wilbur theorizes that the incidents are a kind of hysteria, all related to a deeper problem. She asks Sybil to return at a later date for more counseling.

Later that evening, Dr. Wilbur receives a late night call from someone who identifies herself as Vickie and says Sybil is about to jump out a hotel window. Dr. Wilbur rescues Sybil, who denies knowing Vickie. Suddenly Sybil becomes hysterical and begins speaking like a little girl. This little girl introduces herself as Peggy, and Wilbur realizes that Sybil is suffering from what was then referred to as multiple personality disorder (more commonly known then as "split personality"), and is now called dissociative identity disorder.

Vickie introduces herself to Wilbur at the next session. Vickie, who knows everything about the other personalities, tells Wilbur about some of them, including Marsha, who is suicidal and wants to kill Sybil, and Vanessa, who plays the piano although Sybil never learned.

Over the weeks, each of the personalities introduce themselves to Wilbur. At the same time, the personality Vanessa falls in love with a charming neighbor named Richard.

Wilbur finally explains to Sybil about the other personalities. As proof, Wilbur plays the session's tape to allow Sybil to hear their voices, but when a voice that sounds like Sybil's mother Hattie speaks, an infant personality named Ruthie emerges. Wilbur is unable to communicate with the pre-verbal child and must wait until Sybil returns.

Life becomes more chaotic for Sybil as the other personalities grow stronger. The personalities make Dr. Wilbur a Christmas card, but Sybil made everything purple, a color that frightens Peggy. Dr. Wilbur hypnotizes Vickie and asks about the purple. Vickie relates a memory of a time Sybil's mother locked young Sybil in the wheat bin in the barn. Thinking she was smothering, Sybil used her purple crayon to scratch on the inside of the bin so someone would know she had been there.

Vanessa invites Richard and his son Matthew to have Christmas dinner, after which Richard spends the night in Sybil's apartment. Sybil has a nightmare and awakens as Marsha, who tries to throw herself off the roof. Richard rescues her and calls Wilbur. Soon afterwards, Richard moves away, crushing both Sybil and Vanessa. Once again confronted with her diagnosis, Sybil attempts to convince Wilbur that she has in fact been faking all of the other personalities the entire time and denies that multiple personalities exist within her.

Wilbur goes in search of Sybil's father, who mentions that Sybil's mother Hattie was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, but denies that she ever abused Sybil. Wilbur also seeks out Sybil's pediatrician. The doctor gives Wilbur a frightening account of extensive scarring he found while treating Sybil for a bladder problem. Finally, Wilbur visits the old Dorsett house, where she discovers the green kitchen Sybil's selves have described many times. She also finds the purple crayon scratches inside the wheat bin. She takes them back to New York City to prove all the memories really happened.

Dr. Wilbur takes Sybil for a drive, during which Peggy spills out the horrific abuse she suffered at her mother's hands. After Peggy exhausts herself, Sybil emerges, remembering everything that Peggy has just said. Finally she is able to express her rage against her mother.

Dr. Wilbur hypnotizes Sybil to introduce her to the other personalities. Sybil, who has always been frightened of Peggy, meets her at last and is surprised that she is only a little girl. Sybil embraces a weeping Peggy. A voiceover from Dr. Wilbur explains that after this incident, Sybil recovered her memories and went on to live a full and happy life.

Cast[edit]

Sally Field & Joanne Woodward
  • Joanne Woodward as Dr. Cornelia Wilbur
  • Sally Field as Sybil Dorsett
  • Brad Davis as Richard, Sybil's neighbor boyfriend
  • Martine Bartlett as Hattie Dorsett, Sybil's mother
  • Penelope Allen as Miss Penny
  • Jane Hoffman as Frieda Dorsett
  • Charles Lane as Dr. Quinoness
  • Jessamine Milner as Grandma Dorsett
  • William Prince as Willard Dorsett
  • Camila Ashland as Cam
  • Tommy Crebbs as Matthew
  • Gina Petrushka as Dr. Lazarus
  • Harold Pruett as Danny
  • Natasha Ryan as Child Sybil
  • Paul Tulley as Dr. Castle
  • Anne Beesley as The Selves
  • Virginia Campbell as The Selves
  • Missy Karn as The Selves
  • Tasha Lee as The Selves
  • Cathy Lynn Lesko as The Selves
  • Rachel Longaker as The Selves
  • Jennifer McAllister as The Selves
  • Kerry Muir as The Selves
  • Karen Obediear as The Selves
  • Tony Sherman as The Selves
  • Danny Stevenson as The Selves
  • Gordon Jump as Tractor farmer
  • Lionel Pina as Tommy

Production[edit]

Sally Field stars in the title role, with Joanne Woodward playing the part of Sybil's psychiatrist, Cornelia B. Wilbur. Woodward herself had starred in The Three Faces of Eve, in which she portrayed a woman with three personalities, winning the Academy Award for Best Actress for the role. Based on the book Sybil by Flora Rheta Schreiber, the movie dramatizes the life of a shy young graduate student, Sybil Dorsett (in real life, Shirley Ardell Mason), suffering from dissociative identity disorder as a result of the psychological trauma she suffered as a child. With the help of her psychiatrist, Sybil gradually recalls the severe child abuse that led to the development of 16 different personalities. Field's portrayal of Sybil won much critical acclaim, as well as an Emmy Award.

Sybil's personalities[edit]

Female Personalities
  1. Peggy: A nine-year-old girl who believes she is still in the small town in which Sybil grew up. Peggy holds the rage Sybil felt at her mother's abuse and and frequently expresses her anger through temper tantrums and breaking glass. Like many of the selves, she enjoys drawing and painting. She fears hands, dishtowels, music, and the colors green and purple, all triggers to specific instances of abuse.
  2. Vicky: a very sophisticated and mature twelve-year-old girl who is aware of all the other personalities and knows everything the others do, though Sybil is not. Vicky speaks French and claims to have grown up in Paris with many brothers and sisters and loving parents.
  3. Vanessa: A young, vibrant redhaired girl about twelve years old, she is outgoing and full of "joie de vivre". Plays the piano well, although Sybil claims to have never learned. Falls in love with Richard and helps Sybil build a relationship with him.
  4. Marsha: a young girl obsessed with thoughts of death and suicide, who tries to kill herself (and thus Sybil) on several occasions. Dresses in black.
  5. Ruthie: A preverbal infant. When Sybil is extremely frightened, she regresses into Ruthie and cannot move or speak.
  6. Mary: named for and strongly resembles Sybil's grandmother. When Sybil's grandmother, the only person Sybil felt loved her, died, Sybil was so bereft that she created Mary as an internalized version of Grandma. Mary speaks in the voice of an old woman and frequently behaves as one.
  7. Nancy: A product of Sybil's fathers's religious fanaticism, Nancy fears the end of the world and God's punishment.
  8. Clara: Around 8–9 years old. No info given.
  9. Helen: Around 13–14 years old. No info given.
  10. Margie: Around 10–11 years old. No info given.
  11. Sybil Ann: Around 5–6 years old. Very shy.
Male Personalities
  1. Mike: A brash young boy who likes to build and do carpentry. He builds bookshelves and a partition wall for Sybil's apartment, frightening her badly when she doesn't know how they got there. He and Sid both believe that they will grow penises and be able "to give a girl a baby" when they're older.
  2. Sid: Younger and a little more taciturn than Mike, he also enjoys building things, as well as sports. Identifies strongly with Sybil's father and wants to be like him when he grows up.

Edited and unedited versions[edit]

The film, originally 198 minutes long, was initially shown over the course of two nights on NBC in 1976. Due to high public interest, the VHS version of Sybil was released in the 1980s, with one version running 122 minutes and another, extended version running 132 minutes. Several key scenes, including Sybil's final climactic "introduction" to her other personalities, are missing in both versions. The film is shown frequently on television, often with scenes restored or deleted to adjust for time constraints and the varying sensitivity of viewers. The DVD includes the full 198-minute version originally displayed on the NBC broadcast.

Awards[edit]

1977 Emmy Awards
Sally Field for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama or Comedy Special
Leonard Rosenmann, Alan and Marilyn Bergmann for Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Special (Dramatic Underscore)
Jacqueline Babbin, et al., for Outstanding Special - Drama or Comedy
Stewart Stern for Outstanding Writing in a Special Program - Drama or Comedy - Adaptation

External links[edit]