|Sybil Virginia Plumlee|
April 29, 1911
|Died||January 6, 2012 (aged 100)
Lake Oswego, Oregon
|Occupation||Teacher, police officer|
|Known for||Pioneering female officer and, before her death, the oldest surviving former member of the Portland Police Bureau|
Virgil P. "Paul" Plumlee (1945–2010)
Sybil Virginia Plumlee (née Burgess; April 29, 1911 – January 6, 2012) was an American teacher, caseworker and police officer who served in Portland, Oregon's Women's Protective Division, a special unit of the Portland Police Bureau, from 1947 to 1967. She is recognized as a pioneer in the law enforcement field, which was dominated by men and still is.
Born in Seattle in 1911, Plumlee attended high school in Portland, and graduated from Oregon Normal School, now known as Western Oregon University. She became a school teacher in Clarno, Oregon, but later returned to Portland, where she married and had a son. Following a divorce in 1943, she worked as an educator with the Ellis Mining Company in Bourne, Oregon. In 1945, she married Virgil "Paul" Plumlee, who died in 2010.
Plumlee wrote an unpublished memoir of her experiences on the police force, called "Badge 357". At age 96, she published the book Stories of Hester Ann Bolin Harvey and Her Family, a collection of family stories and history. Plumlee became the oldest living former member of the city's police force before she died in 2012.
Early life, education and career
Sybil Burgess was born on April 29, 1911, in Seattle, Washington. She was the daughter of Charles and Stella Burgess. The family moved to Portland, where she attended both Lincoln High School and Jefferson High School, graduating from Jefferson in 1930. After graduating from Oregon Normal School (now Western Oregon University), she spent some time working as a teacher in a one-room school located in Clarno, Oregon. She returned to Portland, married Lloyd Barker (who was also a teacher) and had a son named Louis Barker. The couple divorced in 1943. Sybil was a single mother during World War II, working as a teacher with the Ellis Mining Company in Bourne, Oregon, and buying a $150 house in nearby Sumpter. In 1945, she married Virgil P. "Paul" Plumlee. She survived the 1948 flooding of Vanport, Oregon. Plumlee also occasionally worked as a soda fountain clerk at a drugstore in northeast Portland, and as a cab driver.
During her time as a caseworker for the Clackamas County Welfare Department, a female police officer encouraged her to take a civil servant test. Plumlee passed the test, and was selected to fill the Portland Police Bureau's only open position from a pool of 300 applicants. She served in the unit known as the known as the Women's Protective Division from 1947 to 1967. Policewomen in that division did not work with male officers, and did not wear uniforms. Their work focused on crimes like child abuse, domestic violence and rape; investigations were generally conducted in private.
Records also show that Plumlee participated in undercover investigations, such as investigating an anti-homosexual campaign led by Mayor of Portland Dorothy McCullough Lee. In 1949, the Women's Protective Division sent Plumlee and Edna Trout to Music Hall, with the intention to "apprehend lesbians who might approach them and solicit attentions". In the 1940s, the hall was known for catering to gay men and lesbians. Plumlee often responded to cases involving child abuse or abandonment. In a 1955 article by The Oregonian called "Pickpockets Beware", she was photographed illustrating how women might be susceptible to pickpocketing by opening their billfold in public. In 1957, the paper published a photograph of Plumlee and five other women at a shooting range with the caption: "Feminine pistol team makes good showing in contest with all-male team from North precinct as interdivisional tournament gets under way." In 1959, two brothers were charged with disorderly conduct and destroying city property after tearing the speaker system from a police car occupied by Plumlee and another female officer. Plumlee also participated in civic events such as luncheons. At a 1964 Portland Yacht Club luncheon called "Women with the Badge", she told female attendees how they should protect themselves and their children. In 1967, she presented slides depicting dangers to women on urban streets to the Women's Council of the Portland Board of Realtors at the Hoyt Hotel.
According to Louis Barker, his mother became a police officer "for the money" rather than to "make the world safe". The family needed her income, and she was also contributing to the support of her aging mother. Plumlee later said of the unit: "In some ways, the old Women's Protective Division was archaic, but on balance we did a lot of good." Plumlee is recognized as a pioneer in the law enforcement field, which was largely dominated by men. As of 2006, women doing police work in the United States amounted to about 14 percent of the total number of police.
Later life, writing and other interests
Plumlee purchased her first computer when she was in her eighties, and continued driving until age 98. Plumlee wrote an unpublished memoir of her experiences on the police force, which was called "Badge 357". At age 96, she published the book Stories of Hester Ann Bolin Harvey and Her Family. The collection of stories, including one of her grandmother's journey across the Oregon Trail in 1850, included photographs and more than a century of her family history. Plumlee also enjoyed camping, fishing, genealogy and traveling.
Her husband died in 2010. She celebrated her centennial birthday at her residence in Lake Oswego, Oregon. Guests included Multnomah County Sheriff Daniel Staton, Lt. Mary Lindstrand, and Frank Springer, the oldest living male retiree of the Portland Police Bureau. Birthday wishes and certificates of appreciation were also presented by President Barack Obama and Mayor of Portland Sam Adams.
Plumlee died in 2012, and was survived by her son, three grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. Before her death, Plumlee was the oldest surviving former member of the Portland Police Bureau.
- Law enforcement in the United States
- Lists of centenarians
- Lola Baldwin, the first female police officer in Portland, Oregon, and one of the first in the United States (1908)
- Penny Harrington, the Portland Police Bureau's first female chief of police
- "Obituaries – Jan. 12, 2012: Sybil Plumlee". Lake Oswego Review (Lake Oswego, Oregon: Pamplin Media Group). January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- Newell, Cliff (May 12, 2011). "Portland policewoman turns 100 in Lake Oswego". Portland Tribune. pp. 1–2. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
- Hallman, Jr., Tom (January 12, 2012). "'She was one of a kind,' family says of Sybil Plumlee, one of Portland's first female police officers". The Oregonian (Advance Publications). ISSN 8750-1317. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Boag, Peter (2004). "Does Portland Need a Homophile Society?: Gay Culture and Activism in the Rose City Between World War II and Stonewall" (PDF). Oregon Historical Quarterly (Oregon Historical Society) 105 (1): 15–16. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- "Mother of Children Thought Deserted Expains She Was Off On Honeymoon". The Oregonian. February 13, 1951. p. 15.
- "Juvenile Court Gets Custody of Beaten, Burned Baby". The Oregonian. November 16, 1960. p. 1.
- "Three Small Children Abandoned by Parents". The Oregonian. November 21, 1960. p. 14.
- Turner, Wallace (January 2, 1955). "Pickpockets Beware". The Sunday Oregonian. p. 85.
- "Police Women No Stranger to Life on the Range". February 15, 1957. p. 46.
- "Speaker Broken, Brothers Jailed". The Oregonian. August 18, 1959. p. 11.
- "Club to Hear Police Matron". The Oregonian. March 7, 1964. p. 16.
- "Slides Scheduled". The Sunday Oregonian. April 23, 1967. p. 102.
- Myers, Gloria E. (1995). A Municipal Mother: Portland's Lola Greene Baldwin, America's First Policewoman. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press. p. 179. ISBN 0-87071-386-8. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- Fost, Dan (August 6, 2007). "You're a Writer. Presto! A Book.". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Corporation). pp. 1–2. ISSN 1932-8672. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- Horne, Peter (September 2006). "Policewomen: Their First Century and the New Era". Police Chief Magazine 3 (9). Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- "Celebrating with Sybil Plumlee". The Green Hornet (Multnomah County Sheriff's Office). May 2011. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Roberts, Bob (April 2007). "Retiree's Corner" (PDF). The Rap Sheet (Portland, Oregon: Portland Police Association) 38 (4): 11. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Roberts, Bob (June 2009). "Retiree's Corner" (PDF). The Rap Sheet (Portland, Oregon: Portland Police Association) 40 (6): 11. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Fost, Dan (May 21, 2011). Giants Past & Present: Revised Edition. MVP Books. p. 7. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Roberts, Bob (February 9, 2012). "Retirees Message". The Rap Sheet. Portland, Oregon: Portland Police Association. Retrieved February 14, 2012.