Sydenham, New Zealand

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For the electorate, see Sydenham (New Zealand electorate).
For other places and people called Sydenham, see Sydenham (disambiguation).
Sydenham
The historic Sydenham Post Office and the Sydenham Heritage Church
The historic Sydenham Post Office and the Sydenham Heritage Church
Sydenham is located in New Zealand Christchurch
Sydenham
Sydenham
Coordinates: 43°33′S 172°38′E / 43.550°S 172.633°E / -43.550; 172.633Coordinates: 43°33′S 172°38′E / 43.550°S 172.633°E / -43.550; 172.633
Area
 • Total 2.7945 km2 (1.0790 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 5,478
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)

Sydenham is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located two kilometres south of the city centre, on and around the city’s main street, Colombo Street. It is a retail and residential suburb.

History[edit]

Sydenham Heritage Church after demolition, with the Post Office in the background

The Sydenham borough was formed in 1876 and Charles Allison advocated that the new local body in the area be the Sydenham Borough Council named after Charles Prince’s crockery and china shop on Colombo Street called "Sydenham House". The crockery shop, in turn, was named after the London suburb of Sydenham in the Borough of Lewisham.[1][2]

The first council and its first mayor, Mayor George Booth, were elected in 1877.[3] On 31 March 1903, the borough amalgamated with the City of Christchurch and became a suburb. At that time Sydenham already had its own swimming-baths, fire-engine, cemetery and recreation grounds.[4] Apart from the large cities, Sydenham was the largest borough in New Zealand at the time.[3]

Geography[edit]

Entrance to Sydenham in December 2011, with the Heritage Church and the Post Office after demolition

Sydenham is separated from the central city by the South Island Main Trunk Railway and Moorhouse Avenue. State Highway 73 runs through the southern part of Sydenham. The southern boundary of Sydenham is Tennyson Street.

Heritage buildings[edit]

Sydenham has a number of heritage buildings registered by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust, with some already lost or to be lost due to the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. The New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Woolstore in Durham Street is the only Category I heritage building.[5] Coming from the south, the Sydenham Post Office[6] and the Sydenham Heritage Church formed an entry into the strip shopping area along Colombo Street, but the church was illegally demolished immediately following the February earthquake.[7]

Nazareth House Chapel is located west of Sydenham Park and belongs to a retirement village.[8] Blackheath Place are residential brick terrace houses that are rather uncommon in New Zealand.[9] Three registered cottages are located in Shelley and Tennyson Streets.[10][11][12]

This historic cottage is typical of settler housing in Sydenham Christchurch. It was built in 1876 from totara.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reed, A. W. (2010). Peter Dowling, ed. Place Names of New Zealand. Rosedale, North Shore: Raupo. pp. 380f. ISBN 978-0-14-320410-7. 
  2. ^ Harper, Margaret (July 2011). "Christchurch Place Names" (PDF). Christchurch City Libraries. pp. 211f. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Sydenham". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Sydenham : the model borough of old Christchurch : an informal history. New Zealand Federation of University Women, Canterbury Branch. 1977. pp. 19–33. 
  5. ^ "New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Woolstore". Register of Historic Places. New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "Sydenham Post Office Building". Register of Historic Places. New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  7. ^ "Unauthorised church wreckers face prosecution". The Press. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "Nazareth House Chapel". Register of Historic Places. New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Blackheath Place". Register of Historic Places. New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Cottage". Register of Historic Places. New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Cottage". Register of Historic Places. New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "House". Register of Historic Places. New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 1 October 2011.