Sydney Arnold, 1st Baron Arnold

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Sydney Arnold

Sydney Arnold, 1st Baron Arnold (13 January 1878 – 3 August 1945) was a radical British Liberal Party politician who later joined the Labour Party and served as a government minister.

Background[edit]

He was a son of W. A. Arnold, of Manchester. He was educated at Manchester Grammar School.

Liberal party[edit]

He was a Member of the General Committee of the Manchester Liberal Federation. He was Honorary Treasurer of the North-West Division of the Free Trade Union.[1] He unsuccessfully contested the Conservative seat of Holderness Division of the East Riding of Yorkshire at the December 1910 General Election.[2] He was elected in 1912 as Member of Parliament for Holmfirth in what was then the West Riding of Yorkshire at a by-election following the resignation of the long-serving Liberal MP Henry Wilson.

Holmfirth by-election, 1912[3]

Electorate 13,035

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sydney Arnold 4,749 42.0 -15.5
Unionist Robert Geoffrey Ellis 3,379 29.8 +2.2
Labour William Lunn 3,195 28.2 +13.3
Majority 1,370 12.2 -17.7
Turnout 86.9
Liberal hold Swing -8.8

In 1914 he was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to Jack Pease, the President of the Board of Education. He was also appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to Edwin Samuel Montagu the Financial Secretary to the Treasury.[4] During the war he served as a Captain in the South Staffordshire Regiment.[5] When his constituency was abolished for the 1918 general election, he was elected for the new Penistone constituency against a Coalition Government endorsed Unionist candidate.

General Election 1918: Penistone[6]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Capt. Sydney Arnold 7,338 39.4
Unionist Maj. Phillip Gatty Smith 6,744 36.2
Independent Labour Frederick William Southern 4,556 24.4
Majority 594 3.2
Turnout 58.4
Liberal win

He supported a levy on capital and the nationalisation of the mines and railways.[7] He resigned that seat due to ill-health in 1921.

Labour party[edit]

In 1922 he joined the Labour Party and was ennobled in 1924 as Baron Arnold, of Hale in the County of Chester,[8] and served as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in Ramsay MacDonald's short-lived 1924 Labour Government, and as Paymaster-General from 1929 to 6 March 1931 in Macdonald's second government.

In the late 1930s he was a member of the Parliamentary Pacifist Group. He resigned from the Labour Party, in 1938, on account of disagreement with its Foreign Policy.[9]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1916
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  4. ^ ‘ARNOLD’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2012 ; online edn, Oct 2012 accessed 18 Jan 2014
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1916
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949
  7. ^ The Downfall of the Liberal Party by Trevor Wilson (1966)
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32907. p. 1266. 12 February 1924.
  9. ^ ‘ARNOLD’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2012 ; online edn, Oct 2012 accessed 18 Jan 2014
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Wilson
Member of Parliament for Holmfirth
19121918
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Penistone
19181921
Succeeded by
William Gillis
Political offices
Preceded by
William Ormsby-Gore
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1924
Succeeded by
William Ormsby-Gore
Preceded by
The Earl of Onslow
Paymaster-General
1929–1931
Succeeded by
(office vacant),
then Tudor Walters
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Arnold
1924–1945
Extinct