|Sydney Woolf Kentridge
5 November 1922 |
Johannesburg, South Africa
|Alma mater||University of Witwatersrand (graduated 1942)
Exeter College, Oxford (graduated 1948)
|Known for||Apartheid-era political trials|
|Spouse(s)||Felicia Geffen (m. 1952)|
Sir Sydney Kentridge KCMG, QC (born 5 November 1922) is a South African-born former lawyer, judge and member of the English Bar. He practised law in South Africa and the United Kingdom from the 1940s until his retirement in 2013, and played a leading role in a number of the most significant political trials in apartheid-era South Africa, including the Treason Trial of Nelson Mandela and the 1977 inquest into the death of Stephen Biko.
Early life and education
Kentridge was born in 1922 in Johannesburg, the son of Lithuanian-born Jewish lawyer and politician Morris Kentridge (1881–1964). Sydney Kentridge attended Johannesburg's King Edward VII School, before studying at the University of Witwatersrand. He graduated in 1942, and served during the Second World War as an intelligence officer in the South African Army in East Africa and Italy. After the war, he attended Exeter College, Oxford, where he graduated with a first-class BA in Jurisprudence in 1948.
In 1949, after working briefly as a judge's clerk, Kentridge was admitted as an advocate of the Supreme Court of South Africa. He was appointed a senior counsel in 1965. He became a leading defence lawyer in political trials in South Africa, with some of his major cases including the Treason Trial (1958–61), which saw him defend Nelson Mandela, and the Prisons Trial (1968–69). Kentridge represented three Nobel Peace Prize winners during his career – Mandela, Desmond Tutu and Albert Luthuli.
In 1977, he represented the family of Stephen Biko at the inquest following Biko’s death in custody on 12 September 1977. "There is indisputable evidence," Kentridge said, "that...Mr. Biko went into the interrogation room alive and well...[but] he came out a physical and mental wreck. He died a miserable and lonely death on a cold prison floor." Lord Alexander of Weedon wrote of his performance: "Through remorseless and deadly cross-examination, sometimes with brilliant irony, Kentridge established that the founder of the Black Consciousness Movement had been killed by police brutality. The verdict of accidental death was seen as risible."
Kentridge practised at the English Bar between 1977 and 2013, and was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 1984. He became a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn in 1985. He was a member of Brick Court Chambers, a leading commercial set, and was widely regarded as the "elder statesman" of the English Bar before his retirement in 2013. Kentridge furthermore served as a judge in a number of jurisdictions, sitting as a Judge of Appeal in Botswana (1981–89), as a Judge of the Courts of Appeal of Jersey and Guernsey (1988–92) and as an Acting Justice of the South African Constitutional Court (1995–96).
Kentridge is a Knight Commander of the British Order of St Michael and St George (1999) and a Supreme Counsellor of the South African Order of the Baobab in Gold (2008). He has been awarded an Honorary LL.D. by the Universities of Leicester (1985), Cape Town (1987), Natal (1989), London (1995), Sussex (1997), Witwatersrand (2000) and Buckingham (2009). He was elected an Honorary Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford – his alma mater – in 1986. He is also a Fellow of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (1997), an Honorary Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers (1998) and an Honorary Member of the New York City Bar Association (2001). In March 2013, Kentridge was interviewed on the British radio show Desert Island Discs.
Kentridge is a keen fan of cricket and opera, and is a cousin of the musician and composer Trevor Rabin. In 1952, Kentridge married Felicia Geffen (b. 1930), a lawyer who co-founded the South African Legal Resources Centre in the 1970s. They live in Maida Vale, London, and have four children, nine grandchildren and one great-grandchild; their eldest son is the prominent South African artist and filmmaker William Kentridge.
- "Kentridge, Morris". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Gapper, John (18 January 2013). "Lunch with the FT: Sydney Kentridge". Financial Times. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Website of the Presidency of the Republic of South Africa. Retrieved 31 August 2008.
- "Sir Sydney Kentridge QC Retires". CharlesCrawford.biz. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Law". The Times of London. 21 April 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Invitation to the 12th Annual Steve Biko Memorial Lecture" (PDF). University of Cape Town. 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
- "Sir Sydney Kentridge QC on Desert Island Discs". Brick Court Chambers. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "The Big Picture". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "The Legal Assistance Trust Newsletter" (PDF). LATforSA.org. 2004. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- January 2013 Financial Times interview with Kentridge
- Kentridge's appearance on Desert Island Discs in March 2013
- August 2013 Bar Council article about Kentridge (PDF)