Sydney Templeman, Baron Templeman
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Templeman
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
|Lord Justice of Appeal|
March 3, 1920
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Joan Rowles (d 1988),
Sheila Barton Edworthy (d 2008)
|Alma mater||St John's College, Cambridge|
Sydney William Templeman, Baron Templeman, MBE, PC, is a former British judge. He served as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary from 1982 to 1995 in the House of Lords and was created a life peer as Baron Templeman, of White Lackington in the County of Somerset.
Lord Templeman made significant contributions to English law during his time as a judge, both within and outside his specialist field of Tax Law and Intellectual Property.
Templeman, who might fairly be said to be of judicially conservative inclination, also gave leading speeches upholding orthodox doctrine against calls for reform in the important land law cases of Prudential Assurance Co Ltd v London Residuary Body  2 AC 386 and Rhone v Stephens  2 AC 310.[clarification needed] He also sponsored the Land Registration Act 1988, which led to the land register of England and Wales being open to the public for the first time in 1990.
Templeman is famous for paving the way for later judges to combat Tax Avoidance. He is famous for the concept of "Sham Transactions" introduced in the case of Black Nominees v Nicol (Inspector of Taxes). This case was groundbreaking as for the first time, judges were able to depart from the controversial Duke of Westminster Doctrine. Consequently, the business/commercial motive of a transaction conducted by a taxpayer would be considered. Notwithstanding this he was also famous for being a supporter of the Ramsay Doctrine and was notable for writing a scathing public letter (in retirement) to Lord Hoffman for wanting to move away from the Ramsay Principle in the Ramsay case. Templeman was also one of the dissenting judges in the famous case of Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech AHA  AC 112, arguing, inter alia, that 16-year-old girls should not be having sex and, therefore, cannot legally consent to being prescribed prescription contraceptives by a physician (thus necessitating parental consent in order to obtain prescription contraceptives).
Prior to his elevation to the House of Lords, he also made significant contribution to English jurisprudence sitting at first instance in EMI Limited v Pandit  1 All ER 418 when he granted the first Anton Piller order in English legal history.
Also prior to his capacity as a judge, Sydney Templeman QC was an eminent barrister. One notable case which he worked on was the case of Anisminic Ltd v Foreign Compensation Commission  2 AC 147 where he was counsel for the respondents (the Foreign Compensation Commission).
Lord Templeman has two sons, Peter and Michael (the former a Church of England vicar, the latter a barrister), and one of his nephews, Anthony John Templeman, is a retired Justice of the Supreme Court of Western Australia.
English cases in which Lord Templeman gave speeches which influenced the direction of English law include:
- Black Nominees Ltd v Nicol  TR 93
- Anisminic v Foreign Compensation Commission  2 AC 147
- EMI Limited v Pandit  1 All ER 418
- Street v Mountford  AC 809
- Gillick v West Norfolk Area Health Authority  AC 112
- Miles v Wakefield Metropolitan District Council  AC 539
- China and South Sea Bank v Tan  1 AC 536
- R v Brown  1 AC 212
- Attorney General for Hong Kong v Reid  1 AC 324,  1 NZLR 1 (PC)
- LIPKIN GORMAN v KARPNALE LTD  3 WLR 10
- Prudential Assurance Co Ltd v London Residuary Body  2 AC 386