Sydney gang rapes
The Sydney gang rapes were a series of gang rape attacks committed by a group of up to fourteen Lebanese Australian youths led by Bilal Skaf against Australian women and teenage girls, as young as 14, in Sydney Australia in 2000. The crimes — described as ethnically motivated hate crimes by officials and commentators — were covered extensively by the news media, and prompted the passing of new laws. The nine men convicted of the gang rapes were sentenced to a total of more than 240 years in jail. According to court transcripts Judge Michael Finnane described the rapes as events "you hear about or read about only in the context of wartime atrocities".
|10||August||2000||Thursday||Attackers offered a ride and a portion of cannabis to two teenage girls aged 17 and 18. The women were taken by the attackers to Northcote Park, Greenacre where more collaborators were waiting. The women were then forced to fellate eight males.|
|12||Saturday||A 16-year-old girl was brought to Gosling Park, Greenacre by someone who she believed was her friend, 17-year-old Mohammed Skaf. At the park she was raped by Mohammed's brother Bilal Skaf and one other man, with twelve other men present who she said were "standing around, laughing and talking in their own language". The second man held a gun to her head and kicked her in the stomach before she was able to escape.|
|30||Wednesday||Another woman was approached by attackers at the Bankstown railway station, who proposed she join them in smoking some cannabis at another location. She agreed and went with them; however she was taken to three separate locations by the men and raped 25 times by a total of fourteen men in an ordeal that lasted six hours. After the attacks the woman was hosed down with a fire hose. The woman, who was known during the trial as 'C' to protect her identity, later told her story to 60 Minutes. She told of how the attackers called her an "Aussie Pig", asked her if "Leb cock tasted better than Aussie cock" and explained to her that she would now be raped "Leb-style".|
|4||September||Monday||Two girls, both 16, were taken by the attackers from Beverly Hills railway station to a house in another suburb, where three men repeatedly raped them over a period of five hours. One of the victims was told that "You deserve it because you're an Australian".|
Further attempted attacks
A further series of gang rapes were said to have been attempted, but thwarted. Four of the attackers were also convicted for an attack on Friday 4 August 2000 when they approached a fourteen-year-old girl on a train where she was threatened with violence, punched twice and slapped, told that she would be forced to perform fellatio on several men and that she was going to be raped.
- Bilal Skaf led and orchestrated the three August 2000 attacks. He was initially sentenced to a total of 55 years imprisonment, but had his sentence for these attacks reduced by the New South Wales Court of Criminal Appeal to 28 years, with no parole for the first 22 years. However, on 28 July 2006 Acting Justice Jane Mathews added another ten years to his sentence for his role in the 12 August rape. His original conviction over this attack had been quashed in 2004 and a retrial ordered after it was revealed that two jurors had conducted their own investigations at Gosling Park. Bilal Skaf is eligible for release on parole from 11 February 2033. In March 2003 Skaf was charged with sending mail containing white powder to a corrections department official from prison in an apparent hoax terrorist act.
- Mohammed Skaf, younger brother of Bilal Skaf, was one of the gang rapists. He was sentenced to 32 years for his role in the gang rapes, but also had his sentence reduced on appeal, to 19 years with a non-parole period of 11 years. However, on 28 July 2006 he received an additional 15 years, with a minimum of seven and a half years over the Gosling Park attack. Mohammed Skaf will now be eligible for release on parole from 1 July 2019. Skaf showed no remorse for his crimes, making sexually inappropriate remarks to female staff at the Kariong juvenile facility where he was incarcerated, and continued to blame his victims for initially agreeing to go with him because "they came out with us as soon as I asked them."
- Belal Hajeid, then aged 20, was another gang rapist who was convicted and imprisoned for 23 years with a non-parole period of 15 years. Hajeid later had his sentence reduced on appeal.
- Mohammed Sanoussi, then 18, gang rapist who was sentenced to 21 years with a non-parole period of 12 years for the 10 and 30 August rapes. Sanoussi later had his sentence reduced to 16 years on appeal. Shortly after Sanoussi's conviction his brother and cousin were banned from visiting him in prison for three months after a rowdy clash with staff at the Kariong Juvenile Justice Centre where he was incarcerated. Shouting broke out when staff removed the visitors after they had tried to pass newspaper clippings to the brothers about their sentencing the previous day. Sanoussi remained behind bars when denied parole for a second time in October 2011. Parole applications were rejected on three occasions. He has been on weekend leave since October 2012 and day leave since April 2013. On 5 September 2013 Sanoussi was granted parole with strict conditions, but not immediately released. The next day his parole was revoked. Upon release Sanoussi was to live at his family's home. However, late on 5 September it became known that his two brothers, who also lived there and are linked to the 'Brothers For Life' gang, had been charged–with two others–with a violent assault. The State Parole Authority met and decided that "... the previously approved accommodation was not suitable in light of the new information." but, on appeal, judge Terence Christie conceded that his brother's crimes had nothing to do with Sanoussi, and that he should be released next month and at the latest by October 10. Among other conditions, he is not to have contact with his two brothers without permission.
- Mahmoud Sanoussi, brother of Mohammed Sanoussi, then aged 17, was sentenced to 11 years and three months imprisonment with parole available after six-and-a-half years. He unsuccessfully appealed against his sentence in 2005. He was released on parole in May 2009, but had his parole revoked in March 2010 due to his drug use.
- Mahmoud Chami, then 20, attacker sentenced to 18 years with a non-parole period of ten years. Chami unsuccessfully appealed against his sentence in 2004. Chami is eligible for released on parole in December 2012.
- "H" (Identity sealed: H has had his name suppressed under court order due to his "intellectual and mental disabilities"), then 19, was sentenced to 25 years with a non-parole period of 15 years. 'H' later had his sentence reduced on appeal. A parole hearing was held in October 2013 and he was released in February 2014 under strict parole conditions. 
- "T", then 16, was initially sentenced to 15 years imprisonment with a non-parole period of nine years for his role in the 30 August rape. He was retried and sentenced to eight years and six months imprisonment with a non-parole period of four years and six months. He was released from prison in late June 2007.
- Mohammed Ghanem, then 19, was the final person to be sentenced and was imprisoned for 40 years with a non-parole period of 26 years for two counts of rape. Ghanem, like his co-offenders Bilal Skaf and Mohammed Skaf showed no remorse for his actions, effectively opting to "tough it out" at the Kariong Juvenile Justice Centre where he was detained while awaiting trial.
There was evidence to convict only nine men of the fourteen suspects. Sentences totaled 240 years in prison.
Conservative commentators such as Miranda Devine categorised the crimes as racially motivated hate crimes. The Sydney Morning Herald reported that the rapists had stated to a victim, during the attack, "You deserve it because you're an Australian" and "I'm going to fuck you Leb-style". Two thirds of Muslim and Arab Australians said that they experienced an increase in racial vilification towards them after a number of events including the 11 September 2001 attacks in the USA, the Bali bombings, and these rapes.
The gang rapes led to the passage of new legislation through the Parliament of New South Wales, dramatically[clarification needed] increasing the sentences for gang rapists by creating a new category of crime known as aggravated sexual assault in company.
Also, in the course of one of the trials the defendants refused counsel as they believed that "all lawyers were against Muslims". This led to the contentious prospect of the defendants being able to cross-examine the witnesses, including the victims, a situation that was averted by further legislation being put through the New South Wales parliament.
Actions taken by government ministers, including Premier of New South Wales Bob Carr, who publicly identified the perpetrators' background, led to controversy. Ethnic community group leaders, including Keysar Trad of the Lebanese Muslim Association, complained that Carr was smearing the entire Lebanese Muslim community with the crimes of a few of its members, and that his public comments would stir up ethnic hatred.
Coordination of the attacks
The attackers used SMS and mobile phones to orchestrate the attacks, utilizing this technology to phone ahead to other attackers to co-ordinate transport of rape gang members to the locations where women were being held. Authorities later released some of this material, recovered from the rapists' mobile phones. The attackers texted such messages as "When you are feeling down ...bash a Christian or Catholic and lift up". and "I've got a slut with me bro, come to Punchbowl".
- Devine, Miranda (13 July 2002). "Racist rapes: Finally the truth comes out". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Goodenough, Patrick (16 July 2002). "Gang Rape Convictions Trigger Ethnicity Debate". CNSnews.com. Archived from the original on 24 May 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Crichton, Sarah; Stevenson, Andrew (17 September 2002). "When race and rape collide". The Age. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Judge Michael Finnane (23 August 2002). "Regina v H (sentencing remarks)". The District Court of New South Wales. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- AAP (28 July 2006). "Gang rapist Skaf gets 31 years". NEWS.com.au. Retrieved 30 July 2006.[dead link]
- AAP (28 July 2006). "Victim 'happy' with Skaf rape sentence". The Age. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Hayes, Liz (2 September 2001). "Life Sentence: Transcript". 60 Minutes. Nine Network. Archived from the original on 30 August 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Crichton, Sarah (24 August 2002). "Gang rapist jailed 25 years as judge finds grounds for leniency". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Wallace, Natasha (28 July 2006). "Gang rapists re-sentenced". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Gibbs, Stephen (2 August 2003). "Rapist out of sight but not out of mind". The Age. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Crichton, Sarah (11 October 2002). "Puny brother a cowardly bully". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
- Duff, Eamonn (21 July 2002). "Convicted man's family feel like criminals". The Sun-Herald. Retrieved 5 September 2013. "... jailed for 23 years for his part in the gang rape of two teenage girls."
- Mitchell, Alex (15 September 2002). "Rape leader's mum banned from prison". Sun Herald. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
- "Sydney Gang rapist Loses Parole Bid". AAP,The Sydney Morning Herald, 4 October 2011
- "Parole revoked for Skaf gang rapist Mohamed Sanoussi". ABC News (Australia). 6 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013. "The State Parole Authority has revoked the parole it granted just yesterday to Skaf gang rapist Mohamed Sanoussi, before he could be released."
- "Parole granted to Skaf gang rapist Mohamed Sanoussi". ABC News (Australia). 5 September 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Skaf gang rapist Mohammed Sanoussi cleared for parole". The Australian. AAP. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
- Davies, Lisa (9 April 2010). "Skaf gang rapist back behind bars". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "Man jailed until 2012 for NSW gang rape". ABC Online. 9/8/2002. [dead link]
- "Sentencing of H". Four Corners - ... For Being Lebanese Broadcast 16 September 2002:. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2002-09-16. Retrieved 2008-07-15. " On 23 August 2002, Justice Michael Finnane sentenced 'H' to 25 years in gaol with 15 years non-parole. These are Justice Finnane's sentencing remarks."
- "Freedom for gang rapist who faced two trials". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2 July 2007.
- Crichton, Sarah; Stevenson, Andrew (7 September 2002). "Rape gang members named". theage.com.au. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- Crichton, Sarah (12 October 2002). "Gang rape man jailed 40 years". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
- Delaney, Brigid; Cynthia Banham (17 June 2004). "Muslims feel the hands of racism tighten around them". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 July 2006.
- "SECT 61JA". Crimes Act 1900. Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- "SECT 294A". Criminal Procedure Act 1986. Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Goodenough, Patrick (16 July 2002). "Gang Rape Convictions Trigger Ethnicity Debate". Cybercast News Service. Archived from the original on 24 May 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Sutton, Candace; Duff, Eamonn (8 September 2002). "Rapist's loving family: Where did we fail our son?". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- Crichton, Sarah (24 August 2002). "Sentence angers rape gang victims". The Age. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- "Sentence Slashed: "Gang rapes not 'Worst Category'
- The Guardian: Racially Motivated Crime and Punishment
- ABC TV's Four Corners: "...For being Lebanese"
- ABC TV: Sentencing hearing of Bilal Skaf
- "The 'Young Muslim Man' in Australian Public Discourse" by Kiran Grewal, Transforming Cultures eJournal, Vol.2, No.1, November 2007
- Davies, Lisa (19 January 2013). "What we learnt from Skaf case". smh.com.au. Retrieved 19 January 2013.